Maude Abbott

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Maude Abbott
Maude Abbott.jpg
Born Maude Elizabeth Seymour Abbott
(1869-03-18)March 18, 1869
St. Andrews East, Quebec
Died September 2, 1940(1940-09-02) (aged 71)
Montreal, Quebec
Occupation Physician
Known for Expert on congenital heart disease

Maude Elizabeth Seymour Abbott (March 18, 1869 – September 2, 1940) was a Canadian doctor and was one of Canada's earliest female medical graduates and an expert on congenital heart disease.[1]

Born in St. Andrews East, Quebec as Maude Elizabeth Seymour Babin, she was raised by her maternal grandmother, Mrs. William Abbott, who eventually legally adopted her. She was a cousin of John Abbott, Canada's third Prime Minister.[2] She was admitted to McGill University's Faculty of Arts and received her B.A in 1890. She received her M.D., C.M. from Bishop's University in 1894 as the only woman in her class and received the Chancellor’s Prize and Senior Anatomy Prize. [3] She did post graduate study in medicine in Europe.[2] She was appointed assistant curator at the McGill Pathological Museum in 1899, becoming curator 1901.[4]

She was awarded an honorary medical degree in 1910 from McGill and was made a Lecturer in Pathology. She became an Assistant Professor in 1925.[5]

She helped to found the Federation of Medical Women of Canada, a Canadian organization committed to the professional, social and personal advancement of women physicians, in 1924.[6]

She was posthumously inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame in 1994.[7] In 2000 Canada Post issued a forty-six cent postage stamp entitled The Heart of the Matter in her honour.[3]

In 1994 she was named a "Historic Person" by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada and a plaque was erected outside the McIntyre Medical Sciences Building at McGill University in Montreal.

She wrote over 140 papers and books. Some of them include:

  • The Atlas of Congenital Cardiac Disease (Originally published in New York by the American Heart Association in 1936. A reprint was published by McGill-Queen's University Press in 2006 in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the International Academy of Pathology." (ISBN: 9780773531284)
  • Pigmentation-cirrhosis in a case of Haemochromatosis
  • An Historical Sketch of the Medical Faculty of McGill University
  • On the Classification of Museum Specimens-American Medicine
  • The Museum in Medical Teaching
  • Congenital Cardiac Disease, Chapter IX in Osler's Modern Medicine[8]
  • The Determination of Basal Metabolism by Indirect Calorimetry
  • Florence Nightingale as seen in her portraits
  • McGill's Heroic Past
  • On the differentiation of two forms of congenital dextrocardia[9]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dr. Maude Elizabeth Seymour Abbott". The Canadian Medical Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 23, 2005. 
  2. ^ a b "Dr. Maude Abbott". Laurentian Heritage Magazine. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "The queen of Canadian cardiology". Doctor's Review. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  4. ^ Maude Elizabeth Seymour Abbott at The Canadian Encyclopedia
  5. ^ "Maude Abbott". Canadian Science and Technology Museum. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Maude Abbott". McGill. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "Maude Abbott". MAUDE Unit. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  8. ^ Abbott, Maude (1908), "Chapter IX: Congenital cardiac disease", in Osler, William, Modern Medicine: Its Theory and Practice, IV: Diseases of the circulatory system; diseases of the blood; diseases of the spleen, thymus, and lymph-glands, Philadelphia and New York: Lea & Febiger 
  9. ^ M. E. Abbott and J. C. Meakins (1915). "On the differentiation of two forms of congenital dextrocardia". Bulletin of the International Association of Medical Museums (5): 134–138.