Maudood Chishti

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Maudood Chishti (also known as Qutubuddin, Shams Sufiyaan and Chiraag Chishtiyaan) was an early day Sufi Saint, a successor to his father and master Abu Yusuf Bin Saamaan, twelfth link in the Sufi silsilah of Chishti Order, and the Master of Shareef Zandani. He was born around 430 Hijri in the city of Chisht. He initially received education from his father. He memorized the Qur'an by age 7 and completed his education when he was 16. His work includes two books, Minhaaj ul Arifeen and Khulaasat ul Shariah. He died in the month of Rajab at the age of 97 in 533 AH (March 1139 CE). He was buried at Chisht like many of the early Chishtiyya.[1]

Career[edit]

Tasawuf[edit]

Hazrat Khwaja Al Mawdud Chisti became the mureed of Hazrat Khwaja Nasir Abu Yusuf Bin Saamaan Chisti. After he became a mureed, his murshid (Master) addressed him by saying, "O Qutubuddin Mowdud, adopt the path of the Faqr." The word "faqr" is literally translated as "poverty", but in the language of tasawwuf, it means to be rich with Allah. It is for one to have total trust in Allah and not to be dependent on any other than Allah. Faqar is the way of true dervishes. Khwaja Mawdud Al Chisti accepted his murshids (spiritual guidance) advice. Shortly thereafter he went into seclusion and remained absorbed in worship for twenty years. During this period, he rarely ate and was reported to complete two recitations of the Quran during the day and two during the night. He also used to constantly make the zikr of La Ilaha Illallah. Due to his consistent worship, everything in the universe became apparent to him, and nothing was kept hidden.

Khwaja Maudood's Kulifa[edit]

Khwaja Mawdud Chishti visited Balkh (the place of birth of Jalaluddin Rumi) and Bukhara, a place mentioned in the famous line of Hafez, "If that Turk of Shiraz would take my heart in his hand, I would give for his Hindu mole both Bukhara and Samarkand." Khwaja Haji Sharif Zindani, his successor, renounced everything. He led a life of strict seclusion for 40 years and hated society. He used to live on leaves of trees. Although several of the Chishtiyya stressed the value of asceticism, in general they said that seclusion and ascetic practice was for short periods only. Live in the midst of society rather than keep your spiritual ideals. It is said that the followers of Khwaja Qutubuddin were around 10,000, not including close friends and allies. It is impossible to enumerate Khwaja Mawdud's Khulafa. For the sake of barakat, a few are mentioned hereunder.

  • Khwaja Abu Ahmed
  • Khwaja Ahmad Zandani
  • Shah Sanjan
  • Shaikh Abu Nasseer Shakeeban
  • Shaikh Hassan Tibti
  • Shaikh Ahmed Baderoon
  • Khwaja Sabz Paush
  • Shaikh Uthman Awwal
  • Khwaja Abul Hassan

Among them the link in this (CHISTI) Silsila is Khwaja Shareef Zindani. That is why his message spread. His influence spread west to Khurasan, Iraq, Syria, Hijaz, and Tihamah and in the south to Iran, Siestan and the subcontinent. In the west, his message was spread by the likes of Sharif Zindani and Khwaja Usman Harooni. Khwaja Qutubuddin was 29 when his father died and he inherited the throne. He never visited the rich or went to the royal courts. He was a simple man who led a simple life. He was always courteous to the needs of others. He always was the first to greet people and respected everyone.[2]

Books[edit]

Chisti's works include two books, Minhaaj ul Areifeen and Khulaasat ul Shariah.

Sayings[edit]

  1. . The lover of sama' (Sufi music) is a stranger to the outside world, but is a friend to God.
  2. . The mysteries of sama' are inexplicable. If you reveal them you are liable to punishment.

Miracles[edit]

  • Moulana Zakariyah says: "Khwajah Maudood Chisti acquired the capabilities known as Kash-e-Quloob (revelations of the conditions of the hearts) and Kashf-e-Quboor (revelation of the conditions of the graves)."[3]
  • Whenever Khwaja Maudood Chishti wanted to see the Ka'aba, angels airlifted it to the land of Chisht.[4]
  • Khwaja Qutbuddin Maudood Chishti's dead body flew in the air on its way to the graveyard. Khwaja Fareeduddin Ganj Shakar upon narrating this fell unconscious.[5]

Descendants[edit]

Khwaja Maudood Chishti's son Khwaja Najamuddin Ahmed Ahmed Mushtaq Bin Moudod Chishti was buried at Chisht. Syed Abul Alla Moudodi was a descendant of his who was born at Aurangabad India in 1903 Hijri[clarification needed]. Many of his descendants live in the area. Khwaja Wali Kirani Moudodi Chishti Kirani and Khwaja Mir Shahdad Moudodi Chishti Kirani are also Khwaja Maudood Chishti's descendants. The tombs of both these famous saints are in a place called Kirani, west of Quetta city. A large number of his descendants still live in Kirani. Khwaja Ibrahim Yukpassi another important saint belonging to Khwaja Maudood Chishti's family is buried in Mastung Balochistan and Khwaja Dopassi is buried in Dhadar near the beginning of Bolan pass Balochistan Pakistan.

Descendants Khwaja Qutubuddin Mohammad Thani Chishti migrated to Sindh Old Bukkhar (near Shahdadkot). One of this family descendants named Khwaja Assadullah Kunjnashin Bukkhari migrated to Nawada-Gaya areas of Bihar, India. His followers preached Islam and guided the Muslims there. Khwaja Abdullah Chishti and Hazrat Taj Mahmood Haqqani Chishti were the Sufi saints of Chishti order and direct descendants of Maudood Chishti's son. Their shrines are situated in Milkitola Chhota Sheikhpura, Narhat block near Hisua (GPRS 24 83N 85 43E)

Descendants in Balochistan[edit]

Descendant Khwaja Nizam-ud-din Alli's tomb is in the vicinity of Pishin city of Balochistan in a place called Minziki, home for many other descendants. Khwaja Naqruddin Chishti Moudodi (Shaal Pir Baba) is another descendant whose tomb is in Balochistan, located in Quetta chaowni near the old fort. In the valley of shal kot (Quetta) and Bolan in the Balochistan province the influence of the Moudodi family reached within the lifetime of the head of the family. According to one source Khwaja Qutubuddin Moudod visited the area at least once. He came to the home of his follower Shiekh Babut in the area of Shoroak. Shiekh Babut belonged to the pashtoon tribe called 'Bariech'. During the lifetime of Khwaja Moudod Chishti his friends and followers started to spread the message of Islam. Later on Khwaja Qutubuddin Moudod Chishti's own family (the sadat) advanced the message of Islam in greater Balochistan and molded the life of ordinary people according to the ideology of Islam.

Shijra-e-tareekat[edit]

Main source:

Family tree[edit]

Moudoi Chishti Kirani Quetta Balochistan Pakistan

Family tree (mother's side)[edit]

(Referenced from the book: Khwaja Ibrahim Yakpassi Chishti)

  • Amir-ul-momineen imam Hassan Raziallahtalla anha
  • Hazrat Syed Hassan Musna
  • Hazrat Syed Abdullah-al-Mahaz
  • Hazrat Syed Nasir-ud-din Hassan
  • Hazrat Syed Mujdad-al-maale
  • Hazrat Syed Hassan
  • Hazrat Syed Yahya
  • Hazrat Syed Ibrahim
  • Hazrat Syed Sultan Firsinafa
  • Hazrat Syed Khwaja Abu Ahmed Abdal Chishti
  • Hazrat Syeda Bibi Khizamatullah Taala Hassani (Mother of Abu Yusuf Bin Saamaan)
  • Hazrat Maudood Chishti

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [1] The big five of India in Sufism: holy biographies of 1. Hazrat Khwaja ... By Wahiduddin Begg
  2. ^ Maudood Chishti at Google Books
  3. ^ Malfozat-e-Khwaja Fareeduddin Ganjshakar
  4. ^ (Malfoozat Khwaja Qutubuddin Bukhtiar Kaki, Fariduddin Ganj Shakar)
  5. ^ (Rahatil-Quloob, Ganj Shakar)
  6. ^ )[2] Ref Book:Khwaja Ibrahim Yakpassi Chishti by Professor Syed Ahmed Saeed Hamdani, Page, 56 Yakpassi Trust Mastung-Balochistan

References[edit]

Referenced from Book Khwaajah Maudood Chisti
  • Tazkara-e-Syed Moudodi,idara-e-maarife Islam, Mansoora Lahore
  • Sair-ul-aolia,Urdu and Persian edition, written by Amir Khurd
  • Maraat-ul-israr by Hazrat Khwaja Abdul Rehman Chishti Quds Sira
  • Trirekh-e-mashaikh-e-Chisht by Doctor inam-ul-Haq
  • Safinat-ul-Arifeen
  • Tazkara-e-Ghuas o Qutub
  • Shijra-e-Maoroosi Sadat Kirani
  • The mashkiah of Chisht by Shiekh Muhammed Zakariyya Kandhalwi
  • The Origin Of Chishti Order