Maula Shah

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Mullah Shah Badakhshi, 17th-century Sufi.
Sain Maula Shah
Hazrat Baba Sain Maula Shah Rehmatullah alai.jpg
Hazrat Maula Shah Rehmatullah alai
Native name Maula Bakhash
(Maula Shah)
Born 1836
Majitha, Amritsar, India
Died 5 September 1944
(17 Ramadan 1369)
Genre
  • Kafi
  • C Harfi
  • Athware
  • Folk Tales
  • Baran Mah
Notable works
  • Zohra Mushtri
  • Sassi Punoo
  • Mirza Sahiban
  • Heer Ranjha
  • Bughamal Bishnoo
  • Chandar Badn
  • Dachi Maula Shah
Religion Islam
Denomination Sunni, Hanfi, Barelvi

Maula Shah (Punjabi / Urdu :مولا شاہ رحمتہ اللہ علیہ / ਮੌਲਾ ਸ਼ਾਹ) (1836–1944) was a Sufi poet associated with Punjabi epic poems and folk tales.[1] He later became a Muslim ascetic and mystic poet.[2] He wrote seven books of poetry.

Early life[edit]

His first project was entitled Maula Bakhash. Based on his "Darvesh", his "Murshid", or spiritual teacher, awarded him the name Maula Shah. He moved to Majitha in 1836. His father was Kareem Bakhash, who was part of a Rajput tribe, Jandrah, which was associated with Kashmir.

During his youth, he briefly lived in Katra (Koucha) Bhagian as well as Katra Ghanaian of Amritsar. In old age he lived in Tibber District, Gurdaspur (India) growing plants and fruit trees.

Family[edit]

He was a descendant of Raja Jay Raam(Raja of Kashmeer), the convert to Islam whom built the Masjid Jay Raam mosque at Sialkot, and was born as Maula Bakhsh (Rehmat-ullah Alaih). His name of Sain Maula Shah was given to him by his religious trainer, Hazrat Ghulam Mohi-ud-din (Rehmat-ullah Alaih).
Approved actions of his family framework are usually since under

Jandu (Jandraan)
(Tibber Shareef India)

Jay Raam
(Tibber Shareef India)

(Accepted Islam & made a buit Mosque in Sialkot)

Hafiz Barkhordaar
(Tibber Shareef India)

Mehtaab Deen
(Tibber Shareef India)

Kareem Bakhsh
(Tibber Shareef India)

Maula Bakhsh(Maula Shah)
(Tibber Shareef India)

(Received Caliphate from silsila-e-Noshahea)

(Creator of Seven folk tale in Punjibi literature)

Spiritual succession[edit]

According to the chain of mysticism, Sain Maula Shah has Naushahi Qadri Silsila-e-Tareeqat or Tariqa. He reached to Hazrat Naushah Ganj Bakhsh by means of correct steps as demonstrated under:

Sain Maula Shah
(Tibber Shareef India)


Hazrat Ghulam Mohy-ud-Din
(Jhangi Shareef India)

Hazrat Ghulam Mustafa
(Jhangi Shareef India)

Hazrat Baba Jee Abdul Gafoor
(Jhangi Shareef India)

Hazrat Bakhat Jamal
(Jhangi Shareef India)

Hazrat Muhammad Suchyar
(Naushehra Shareef Gujrat)

Hazrat Naushah Gunaj Bakhsh
(Ranmal Shareef Gujrat)

Hazrat Noori Sakhi Shah Suleman
(Noori Hazoori Srkar)

Writing style[edit]

Maula Shah used verses in different styles known as Se Harfian, Kafian, Baran mahay, Athwaray, Poetic Diction (Folk Tales). Additionally, he was just sufi writer which employed 5 languages as part of his documents: Urdu, Punjabi, Persian Arabic & English.

Books[edit]

Maula Shah (Rehmat-ullah Alaih) was the author of Punjabifolk tales. His books of poetry include:

  • "Sat Ganj Aarsi Naama Maula Shah Urf Zohra Mushtri"
  • "Sassi Punoo"[3]
  • "Mirza Sahiban"[4]
  • "Heer Ranjha"
  • Bughamal Bishnoo
  • Chandar Badn
  • Dachi Maula Shah
  • Guft Guftar
  • Kafian
  • Latkeen Latkeen Aa Gaya
  • "Phir Guyyan Rutan"
  • "Roda Jalali"
  • "Shajrah Naushahian"
  • "Baran Imam"

Legacy[edit]

Maula Shah influenced other artists, including;

  • Sain Haider Shah
  • Sufi Abdul Raheem Raheem Amratsari,
  • Muhammad Shareef Shareef Faisalabasi,
  • Muhammad Ismaeel Manzar,
  • Dr. Mian Zafar Maqbool
  • Hazrat Babajan (master of mystic Meher Baba).[5]

Poetry[edit]

  • Qissah-yi Sassi Maula Shah : Narrative poem about the legendary lovers, Sassi and Punnun of Sind. Sa'in Maula Shah Welfare Society, 1980.[6]
  • Latkin latkin agaya : kafiyan Sa'in Maula Shah. 1988.

Death[edit]

He died on 6 September 1944 (i.e. 22nd Bhadoon 2001 (B), 17th Islamic calendar month, Ramadan 1363 (H)). He was laid to rest in his self-planted back yard. He was disinterred on 10 January 1945 (i.e. twenty-seventh Poh 2001 (B), 25th Muharram 1364 (H)) and then reburied.

Sain Maula Shah's monument[edit]

A monument as part of his remembrance was constructed 1992 with Karyal Kalan Gujranwala (Pakistan). Its design same as a water tank and at the very best from the monument the particular Holy remark Allah ( الله) continues to be composed with four factors to which Kalimah (لا اله الا الله محمد رسول الله)continues to be created which usually came out as a different & a wonderful piece of good productive work.

This kind of construction is actually, without doubt an executive model of the existing grow older. It was made on the property talented from the neighborhood landlord Ch. A Hamid Khan Bhatti and was sketched and largely funded by way of a well-reputed Manufacture Mister. Liaqat Ali Rathore.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mir, p. 88
  2. ^ "Ustad Daman – poet of two Punjabs". Dawn. 10 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "Sassi Punun by Sain Mola Shah". Apnaorg.com. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "Mirza Sahiban". Apnaorg.com. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  5. ^ Meher Baba; A. G. Munsif (1981). Hazrat Babajan: the emperor of spiritual realm of her time. Meher Era Publications. 
  6. ^ Digital Library Record: Maula Shah, 1867–1941

External links[edit]