Rashid Ahmad Gangohi

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Rashid Ahmad Gangohi
رشید احمد گنگوہی
Born 10 May 1829
Gangoh, India (Company Raj)
Died 11 August 1905 (aged 76)
Gangoh, India (British Raj)
Ethnicity Indian
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Hanafi
Main interest(s) Aqidah, Tafsir, Tasawwuf, Hadith, Fiqh
Notable idea(s) Darul Uloom Deoband
Sufi order Chishtiya-Sabiriya-Imdadiya
Disciple of Haji Imdadullah

Abū Mas‘ūd Rashīd Aḥmad ibn Hidāyat Aḥmad Ayyūbī Anṣārī Rāmpūrī Gangohī (Urdu: ابو مسعود رشید احمد بن ہدایت احمد ایوبی انصاری رامپوری گنگوہی‎; Arabic: رشيد أحمد الكنكوهي‎, Rashīd Aḥmad al-Kankūhī; 10 May 1829[1] – 11 August 1905) was an Indian Islamic scholar and Sufi of the Indian Chisti order[2] who co-founded the Deobandi Islamic movement at the Darul Uloom Deoband Madrasah, or Islamic School, of which he became principle following the death of Muhammad Qasim Nanotvi. Both Gangohi and the co-founder of Deoband, Muhammad Qasim Nanotvi, studied Sufism at the feet of Haji Imdadullah Muhajir Makki.[3]

Gangohi authored nearly fourteen literary works on fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) and Sufism, including Fatawa Rasheediyya and Hidaayatush Shia.[citation needed] His followers considered him to be an Alim (legal scholar), a Hakim (judge), and an authority on Shari'a law and the Tariqah of Sufism.[citation needed]

Name[edit]

His nasab is as follows: Rashīd Aḥmad ibn Hidāyat Aḥmad ibn Pīr Bak͟hsh ibn G͟hulām Ḥasan ibn G͟hulām ‘Alī Akbar ibn Qāz̤ī Muḥammad Aslam. He was Rampuri by origin, then Gangohi. By lineage he was Ansari, indicating descent from Abu Ayyub al-Ansari.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brannon Ingram (University of North Carolina), Sufis, Scholars and Scapegoats: Rashid Ahmad Gangohi and the Deobandi Critique of Sufism, p 479.
  2. ^ Brannon Ingram (University of North Carolina), Sufis, Scholars and Scapegoats: Rashid Ahmad Gangohi and the Deobandi Critique of Sufism, p 479.
  3. ^ Brannon Ingram (University of North Carolina), Sufis, Scholars and Scapegoats: Rashid Ahmad Gangohi and the Deobandi Critique of Sufism, p 479.

1. http://www.haqislam.org/maulana-rashid-ahmad-gangohi/ 2. http://www.deoband.org/2010/06/history/letters/haji-imdadullah-on-mawlana-rashid-ahmad-gangohi-part-two/

Notes[edit]