||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (July 2013)|
|• Mayor||Richard H. Carr|
|• Total||10.61 sq mi (27.48 km2)|
|• Land||9.89 sq mi (25.61 km2)|
|• Water||0.72 sq mi (1.86 km2)|
|Elevation||633 ft (193 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||14,129|
|• Density||1,444.5/sq mi (557.7/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1061485|
Maumee is a city in Lucas County, Ohio, United States. It is a suburb of Toledo along the Maumee River. The population was 14,286 at the 2010 census. Maumee was also declared an All-America City by the National Civic League in June 2006.
Maumee is located at  It is a roughly triangle-shaped city. Its borders are formed by Interstate 80/90 to the north, to the west by Interstate 475/U.S. Route 23, and to the southeast by the Maumee River.(41.570545, -83.652503).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.61 square miles (27.48 km2), of which, 9.89 square miles (25.61 km2) is land and 0.72 square miles (1.86 km2) is water.
In prehistoric times, Native Americans (notably the Ottawa) began using the rich resources at the present site of Maumee, Ohio, in the Maumee River valley. Throughout much of the eighteenth century, French, British and American forces struggled for control of the lower Maumee River as a major transportation artery linking East and West. A decisive American victory over the British and their Native American allies at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794 and the conclusion of the War of 1812 opened the way for American expansion and attracted promoters eager to make a fortune in western lands.
A town plat was laid out in 1817 at the Foot of the Rapids of the Maumee River, and within a decade, the settlement was gaining recognition as a major trans-shipment point connecting Lake Erie and the land to the west. The opening of the Wabash and Erie Canal in 1840 further stimulated the economy and led Jessup Scott, a noted town promoter, to predict that Maumee would become the "great city of the West," surpassing all rivals. By mid-century Maumee was already a flourishing center of river trade, commerce and shipbuilding. Nearly twenty mercantile companies crowded the three miles (5 km) of ship docks and competed for the retail and wholesale trade. Maumee became the county seat in 1840 and lawyers came from miles around to practice in the imposing Greek Revival Lucas County Courthouse erected by private subscription. The federal custom house and post office also were located in Maumee.
Dreams of greatness began to fade in the 1850s, when ships too large to navigate the river were introduced and the railroad became a faster and cheaper means of transportation. The population expanded westward and Maumee lost the county seat in 1854. A "gas boom" in the 1880s was short lived and Maumee became, as one observer wrote, " a sleepy little town."
Nearly a century later, in the 1970s, Maumee experienced an economic renaissance. Maumee today is one of the largest business centers in Northwest Ohio. Together, Arrowhead Business Park and Maumee's historic business community contribute to the 30,000 plus jobs in the community. Maumee's original boundaries have expanded and the population has grown from the handful of promoters who applied for a municipal charter in 1838 to more than 15,000 residents. Maumee's neighborhoods retain their small town flavor and many historic homes and buildings of the early residents still stand along the tree-lined streets of the architectural districts.
As of the census of 2010, there were 14,286 people, 6,037 households, and 3,854 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,444.5 inhabitants per square mile (557.7 /km2). There were 6,435 housing units at an average density of 650.7 per square mile (251.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.7% White, 1.8% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.4% of the population.
There were 6,037 households of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.2% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.98.
The median age in the city was 39.7 years. 22.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.8% were from 25 to 44; 29.5% were from 45 to 64; and 13.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 15,237 people, 6,340 households, and 4,209 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,533.6 people per square mile (591.9/km²). There were 6,613 housing units at an average density of 665.6 per square mile (256.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.61% White, 1.05% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.58% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.82% of the population.
There were 6,340 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $47,768, and the median income for a family was $60,776. Males had a median income of $41,281 versus $30,273 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,805. About 3.0% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.
Maumee's public education system is run by the Maumee City School District, which received an "Effective" rating from the state of Ohio for the 2008-09 school year, the third highest of six possible ratings. This school district is the oldest chartered district in the state of Ohio. The school district is broken into three different categories: Elementary (K-5), which include Wayne Trail, Union, Fairfield and Fort Miami Elementaries. The next level is Gateway Middle School, which includes all students in the district in grades 6-8. There is only one high school in Maumee, Maumee High School (Ohio), which serves grades 9-12.
There are also several private elementary and high schools in the area, including Maumee Valley Country Day School (South Toledo), St. John's Jesuit High School (South Toledo), Toledo Christian Schools (South Toledo), St. Joseph's Elementary (Maumee), and St. Patrick's Elementary (South Toledo).
According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||United Parcel Service||2,307|
|2||St. Luke's Hospital||1,688|
|5||Maumee City School District||588|
|6||Paramount Health Care||339|
|7||City of Maumee||301|
Notable past residents
- Betty Ford, wife of President Gerald Ford and First Lady of the United States
- Theodore Dreiser, author of Sister Carrie and An American Tragedy
- James W. Forsyth, U.S. Army general
- Richard Kazmaier, 1951 Heisman Trophy winner; donated his Heisman Trophy to the high school
- Robert Knepper, actor
- Edward Lamb, businessman, broadcasting executive, and labor lawyer
- Henry Ware Lawton, U.S. Army officer who served with distinction in the Civil War, Apache Wars, Spanish-American War
- Larry Nuber, auto racing announcer on ESPN
- Morrison Remick Waite, Chief Justice of the United States, 1874–1888
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- "Toledo Public Schools retains grade; 5 district schools get ratings of 'excellent'". Toledo Blade. 2009-08-26. Retrieved 2009-09-16.
- City of Maumee CAFR
- The Toledo Blade, 7/10/2011