Mauranipur

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Mauranipur
मऊरानीपुर
city
Mauranipur is located in Uttar Pradesh
Mauranipur
Mauranipur
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 25°14′23″N 79°11′47″E / 25.239722°N 79.196389°E / 25.239722; 79.196389Coordinates: 25°14′23″N 79°11′47″E / 25.239722°N 79.196389°E / 25.239722; 79.196389
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Jhansi
Government
 • MLA Dr. Rashmi Arya
Population (2001)
 • Total 50,886
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 284204
Telephone code 91-5178
Vehicle registration UP-93
Website http://www.npp-maujhs.in/mauranipur.html

Mauranipur is a city and a municipal board in Jhansi district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is largest Tehsil in Uttar Pradesh and its headquarters is in Jhansi District . It is a textile production centre. Mauranipur was known as Madhupuri in ancient time by its rulers.

Geography[edit]

Mauranipur is located at {25°14'23"N 79°7'47"E}.[1] It has an average elevation of 192 metres (630 ft). Sukhnai river flow around the town. Mauranipur is 60.43 km from the city Jhansi. It is 252 km from Uttar Pradesh's capital city Lucknow. It is the largest tehsil in India.There is no tehsil apart from it has this much of area

Dam and lakes[edit]

  • Saprar Dam at about 3 km from Mauranipur on sukhnai river which looks beautiful specially in rainy season.
  • Siaori Lake Situated at about 8 km north-west of Mauranipur at village Siaori on Lakheri river, this lake was improved in 1906 and opened for irrigation. This also receives water from Kamlasagar, which has increased its irrigation capacity.
  • Pahari dam Situated about 18 km east of Mauranipur in Jhanshi district on Dhasan river this weir was built in the years 1909-12. This serves the purpose of irrigation through the Lachura dam mainly in Hamirpur district. 16.46 m Pahari Weir provides irrigation to Jhanshi dist.
  • Gross capacity of reservoir is 47,800,000 cubic metres and live storage capacity is 46,000,000 cubic metres.
  • Lakheri Dam Lakheri Dam is situated a little upstream of the junction of Chiraya & Tola Nallas near Village Mahewa about 16 km from Mauranipur in Dist Jhansi on Lakheri river. Max. flood discharge of the dam is 1744.07 m³/s. The construction of the dam started in 1981. Lakheri Dam will provide irrigation to 1980 ha of land in doab of Lakheri and Pathari river spread in 13
  • villages of Tehsil Garautha, through main canal of 9.20 km and distribution system 21 km. The length and the height of the dam are 4 880 m and 10.6 m respectively. Dead dead Storage Capacity of the dam will be 1,700,000 cubic metres and Live Storage Capacity will be 13,900,000 cubic metres.[2]
  • Lahchura Dam was located on Dhasan river, a tributary of river Betwa in Mauranipur Tehsil. The present dam, constructed in 1910.[3]
  • Kamla Sagar

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[4] Mauranipur had a population of 75,308. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Mauranipur has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 74%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 59%. In Mauranipur, 25% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Culture[edit]

Faag songs and its rhythmic music could be heard in the whole Bundelkhand region during spring season when the crops are ready for harvesting. The spring season of March–April express the vibrant emotions which are hidden in the tender hearts of the youth, invites each other and to express the mystical attachment between male and female. Finally emotions are transformed into devotion to make devotee divine . Faag was enriched in the early twentieth century by a folk poet Isuri (born 1881, in Mauranipur) who is credited to have composed over a thousand Faags.

This festival is celebrated by moving the statue of Hindu God (Ram, Krishna, Ganesh, etc.) on a special type of cart which is carried by the peoples on their shoulders. And in this way they move in the whole town where every home welcomes this Movement. this is done only once in a year.

Before moving to the city this cart is carried to the river Sukhnai , where God take a bath for a while and after that they move to city. In this celebration a fair is arranged called Jal Vihar, in which different types of Programs are celebrated for one month.

Notable people[edit]

Vrindavan Lal Varma (1889–1969) eminent Hindi novelist and playwright, was born on 9 January 1889 in a noble Srivastava Kayasthya family born at Mauranipur. He was honoured with Padma Bhushan for his literary works; Agra University presented him with honorary D. Lit. He received Soviet Land Nehru Award and Govt. of India also awarded him for his novel Jhansi Ki Rani.

Tourist places[edit]

Bamhori Kalan
  • Kedareshwar situated on the hillock. There are 600 stone steps leading to the temple which is situated on top of hillock. It is a unique Shiva Linga placed on the back of Vrashab - The Nandi of Lord Shivaa.[5]
  • Gairba village lies in Mauranipur tehsil at a distance of about 19 km.north east. It has small but fine temple apparently of great antiquity. The temple is situated at a small hill and is made of grey granite, the stones were cut to required size but no mortar was used in construction. The architectural plan is simple but logically projected. It has three section, each having its own roof rising in regular gradation. There is a badly mutilated basalt image said to be that of the Buddha in padmasana which bears an inscription on its base the date samvat 1234 (1177 AD).[6]
  • Shri Digambar Jain Atishaya Chamatkari Kshetra is situated in Todi Fatehpur about 30 km from Mauranipur. This miraculous place is a vast beautiful temple in village - Todi Fatehpur; the temple has sky-high magnificent pinnacles attracting the pilgrims from a far distance. This Kshetra is about 600–700 years old. The principal deity Bhagwan Parshvanath's miraculous idol is installed in this temple. This temple is known as Bada (Big) Mandir (Temple).[7]
  • Kamla Sagar Dam is about 6 km south-west of Mauranipur. The river Saprar has been dammed to form the Kamla Sagar reservoir which covers an area about 10 sq. km. There is an inspection house and a hill and a ruined fort which is said to have been the residence of the legendary thief Bona, a character of Alha.[8]
  • Basneh is on Mauranipur-Gursarai Road. This place is associated with Bhasmasur, a demon king. Picturesquely situated at the foot of Vindhyan hill range there is a lake, artificial fall. Bhasmasur cave and lush green vegetation which make the place a picnicker's paradise. Inspection house is also available here.[9]
  • Gurha is a small village on the left bank of the Dhasau about 15 km south-east of Garantha, 88 km east of Jhansi and 8 km east of Markuan which lies on the road from Garantha to Mauranipur and from here one has to walk to reach the place. The Nagonath hill, a conspicuous land marks, lies a mile north-east of the village and on its crown, there are two old temples and a shrine of Mahadeo in cave and at the foot of the hill on eastern side there is Chandella baithak. There is also an image of sage Vishwamitra, which lies submerged in the Dhasan. A fair is held here in the honour of the saint on the occasion of Makar Sankranti.[10]

History[edit]

During 12th century Mauranipur was under Chandella ruler is King Madanavarman(1129–1163).[11] The credit for the development of Mauranipur goes to the Bundela kings.[12] Mauranipur was one of pargana under Rani Laxmi bai rule. On August 10, 1857 Rani of Tehree occupied Mauranipur. Laxmi Bai suffered reverses in the beginning, but in the war on October 23, with Tehree's forces, she emerged victorious.[13] During 1857 revolt against British Rani Laxmi Bai inflicted defeats on British at Mauranipur and became the most powerful rebel leader of the 1857 revolt. Her army was further strengthened when the rulers of Banpur and Shahgarh in Bundelkhand became her allies. Fought valiantly against the attacks by British forces under Sir Hugh Rose[14]

Govind Ballabh Pant delivered speech about Zamindaru abolition law and the establishment of the five-year plan for agriculture in Mauranipur on 30 December 1951.[15]

The town of Mauranipur has long been famous for the manufacture of a red cloth called kharud, which is dyed from this root. The colour imparted by dl is fixed by alum, and is permanent.[16]

Politics[edit]

Mauranipur is a Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) constituency. This seat is reserved for Scheduled Caste (SC).[17]

Year Winner Name Vote% Party Losing Candidate Vote% Party
2012 Dr. Rashmi Arya 29.1 SP Rajendra Rahul 26.25 BSP
2007 Bhagwati Prasad Sagar 31.67 BSP Bihari Lal Arya 24.32 INC
2002 Pragi Lal Ahirwar 24.47 BJP Bihari Lal Arya 22.9 INC
1996 Bihari Lal Arya 37.69 INC Pragi Lal Ahirwar 36.98 BJP
1993 Bihari Lal Arya 40.3 INC Pragi Lal Ahirwar 35.39 BJP
1991 Pragi Lal Ahirwar 39.93 BJP Bihari Lal Arya 39.81 INC
1989 Pragi Lal Ahirwar 46.55 BJP Bhagirath Choudhari 32.72 INC
1985 Bhagirath Choudhari 51.35 INC Prem Narain Ahirwar 33.11 BJP
1980 Bhagirath Choudhari 59.17 INC(I) Har Das 22.79 BJP 1977 Prem Narain Ahirwar 45.09 JNP Bhagirath Choudhari 43.88 INC

Archaeological sites nearby[edit]

The following archaeological sites are near Mauranipur:[18]

Maun sadhana kendra, maranipur
  • Sikhara-roofed temple called Marhia and dedicated to Gond baba - Khojra, Tehsil-Mauranipur
  • Remains of a Chandella temple - Kisni Khurd, Tehsil-Mauranipur
  • Chandel Temple - Pachwara (Gahras), Tehsil-Mauranipur
  • Chandel Temple - Sakarar, Tehsil-Mauranipur
  • Old Temple - Rora, Tehsil - Mauranipur
  • Kusumadiya, Tehsil-Mauranipur [19]
  • Old Fort Bongada, Tehsil-Mauranipur [20]
  • Banjaron Ka Mandir, Syavari, Tehsil-Mauranipur [21]
  • Shivalaya, Basariya, 15 km from Mauranipur. It was built in last days of Chandel rule.[22]
  • Champat Rai ka Mahal, Kachnev, Near Bangara, Tehsil-Mauranipur [23]

Transport[edit]

Mauranipur Station

Mauranipur is well connected with three metro city Delhi, Kolkata and Mumbai via Indian Railways network. Mauranipur is 466 km far away from Delhi via Rail and 485 km via Road. Jhansi to Mauranipur railway line came in existence from June 1889 and Mauranipur to Banda railway line came in existence from August 1889. Railways station code of Mauranipur is MRPR. It is connected with other parts of India through National Highway-76. It is 65 km from Jhansi on the way to Khajuraho. If you are going for Khajuraho you can halt here for drinks and snacks. It is 297 km from Lucknow capital of Uttar pradesh.

Airports[edit]

  • Jhansi Airport (Army Type)
  • Khajurho (Medium Type)
  • Gwalior (Medium Type)

Education[edit]

The town has been a center of learning since its early ages. Notable educational institutions from the town include:

Coachings[edit]

  • SRB Adhyayan Kendra for preparation of IAS, PSC, CPF, CDS, NDA, SSC, BEd, CTET, TET and Bank PO..

Colleges[edit]

  • Shri Agrasen P. G. College (Bundelkhand University, JHANSI (U.P.), Teekamgarh Road
  • Smt Ganeshi Bai Soni Science Degree College
  • Shri Ram Dham Maha Vidyalaya, Teekamgarh Bypass Road

Schools[edit]

Intermediate schools[edit]

  • K.S Academy,(Near Swargeswar Mandir, Gursarai Road )
  • Sri Laxman Das Damele Inter College,(Near Post Office)
  • K.S Academy,(Near Swargeswar Mandir, Gursarai Road )
  • St. Mary's Inter College,(Near Nai Basti)
  • The Gramodaya International college,(Near Railway Station)
  • Saraswati Vidhya Mandir,(Near Parmat Square)
  • Deepak Memorial Public girls Inter college,(Near Degree College)
  • Shri R.D. Bundelkhand Inter College,(Near Parmat Square)
  • Gandhi Vidyalaya Inter College,(Alayai Moh)
  • Nagar Palika Parisad kanya Inter college, (Near Bada Bazaar)
  • G.G.I.C. (Dubey Chouak)

High schools[edit]

  • K.S. Academy, Nai Basti
  • National Academy
  • Alma Matter Public School geda bawan
  • Mother Public School
  • Sunrise public school, station road
  • K.S. Academy, Nai Basti
  • Futuristic Academy
  • U.C MASS(universal concept arthematic system) (mind develop program) nai basti mauranipur
  • Kidzee Preschool, Vikas Colony, Near Garatha Chauraha
  • P.S. Agrawal Academy Public School, Nai Basti Owner Himanshu Agarwal (Gwalior wale)
  • SMT Devika Devi Dengre J H School
  • Shri Bade Mahadev J.H. School
  • J. B. Mission School, damele chowk
  • Swami Dayananda P.M. Vidyalaya
  • Saraswati Gyan Mandir, Gandhiganj
  • Saraswati Shishu Mandir
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir
  • Sahu samaj public school, dube ka chouak
  • Vision Public School, Mauranipur

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Mauranipur". 
  2. ^ Records of the Geological Survey of India: Volume 139, Part 8, Geological Survey of India
  3. ^ Eastern economist: Volume 75
  4. ^ http://censusindia.gov.in/PopulationFinder/Sub_Districts_Master.aspx?state_code=09&district_code=36
  5. ^ http://www.up-tourism.com/ebook/bundelkhand_low.pdf
  6. ^ Encyclopaedia of tourism resources in India, Volume 1 By Manohar Sajnani
  7. ^ http://www.jainteerth.com/teerth/Todi%20Fatehpur.asp
  8. ^ Tourism In India By Vijay Kumar Gupta
  9. ^ Tourism In India By Vijay Kumar Gupta
  10. ^ Tourism In India By Vijay Kumar Gupta
  11. ^ A military history of medieval India by Gurcharn Singh Sandhu
  12. ^ Population and housing problems in India, Volume 2 by Sahab Deen Maurya
  13. ^ Encyclopaedia of Indian Women Through the Ages: Period of freedom struggle By Simmi Jain
  14. ^ Imperialism & orientalism: a documentary sourcebook By Barbara Harlow, Mia Carter
  15. ^ Selected works of Govind Ballabh Pant, Volume 14 by Govind Ballabh Pant, Bal Ram Nanda
  16. ^ The imperial gazetteer of India: Volume 7 by Sir William Wilson Hunter
  17. ^ Uttar Pradesh district gazetteers, Volume 31
  18. ^ http://archaeology.up.nic.in/projection_conservation_3.htm
  19. ^ Hindi Daily Amar Ujala
  20. ^ Hindi Daily Amar Ujala
  21. ^ Hindi Daily Amar Ujala
  22. ^ Hindi Daily Amar Ujala
  23. ^ Hindi Daily Amar Ujala

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.