Maurice Auslander (August 3, 1926 – November 18, 1994) was an American mathematician who worked on commutative algebra and homological algebra. He proved the Auslander–Buchsbaum theorem that regular local rings are factorial, the Auslander–Buchsbaum formula, and introduced Auslander–Reiten theory and Auslander algebras.
Born in Brooklyn, New York, Auslander received his bachelor's degree and his Ph.D. (1954) from Columbia University. He was a visiting scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study in 1956-57. He was a professor at Brandeis University from 1957 until his death in Trondheim, Norway aged 68. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1971.
- Institute for Advanced Study: A Community of Scholars
- "Maurice Auslander, Mathematician, 68". New York Times. December 10, 1994. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- Auslander, Maurice (1999), Reiten, Idun; Smalø, Sverre O.; Solberg, Øyvind, eds., Selected works of Maurice Auslander. Part 1, Providence, R.I.: American Mathematical Society, ISBN 978-0-8218-0998-3, MR 1674397
- Auslander, Maurice (1999), Reiten, Idun; Smalø, Sverre O.; Solberg, Øyvind, eds., Selected works of Maurice Auslander. Part 2, Providence, R.I.: American Mathematical Society, ISBN 978-0-8218-1000-2, MR 1674401
- Peskine, Christian; Reiten, Idun (1995), "Maurice Auslander (1926–1994)", Notices of the American Mathematical Society 42 (4): 450–453, ISSN 0002-9920, MR 1319276
- Maurice Auslander Distinguished Lectures
- Maurice Auslander, Mathematician, 68, New York Times obituary
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Maurice Auslander", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- Maurice Auslander at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
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