Maurice Druon

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Maurice Druon
Maurice Druon 2003 Orenburg crop.jpg
Druon in 2003
Born (1918-04-23)23 April 1918
Paris, France
Died 14 April 2009(2009-04-14) (aged 90)
Paris, France
Occupation Novelist
Nationality French
Period 1942–2009
Notable award(s)  • Grand Cross Legion of Honour
 • Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
 • Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
 • Prix Goncourt
 • Commemorative medal for voluntary service in Free France

Maurice Druon (23 April 1918 – 14 April 2009) was a French novelist and a member of the Académie française, of which he served as “Perpetual Secretary” (chairman) between 1985 and 1999.

Life and career[edit]

Born in Paris, France, Druon was the son of Russian-Jewish[1] immigrant Lazare Kessel (1899-1920)[2] and was brought up at La Croix-Saint-Leufroy in Normandy and educated at the lycée Michelet de Vanves. His father committed suicide in 1920[3] and his mother remarried in 1926; Maurice subsequently took the name of his adoptive father, the lawyer René Druon (1874-1961).

He was the nephew of the writer Joseph Kessel, with whom he translated the Chant des Partisans, a French Resistance anthem of World War II, with music and words (in Russian) originally by Anna Marly. Druon was a member of the Resistance and came to London in 1943 to participate in the BBC's "Honneur et Patrie" programme.[4]

Druon began writing for literary journals at the age of 18. In September 1939, having been called up for military service, he wrote an article for Paris-Soir entitled "J'ai vingt ans et je pars (I am twenty years old and I am leaving)". Following the fall of France in 1940, he was demobilized and remained in the unoccupied zone of France, and his first play, Mégarée, was produced in Monte Carlo in February 1942. He left the same year to join the forces of Charles de Gaulle. Druon became aide de camp to General François d'Astier de La Vigerie.

In 1948 he received the Prix Goncourt for his novel Les grandes familles (The Rise of Simon Lachaume).

He was elected to the 30th seat of the Académie française on 8 December 1966, succeeding Georges Duhamel. He was elected as “Perpetual Secretary” in 1985, but chose to resign the office in late 1999 due to old age; he successfully pushed for Hélène Carrère d'Encausse to succeed him, the first woman to do so, and was styled Honorary Perpetual Secretary after 2000. On the death of Henri Troyat on 2 March 2007, he became the Dean of the Académie, its longest-serving member.

While his scholarly writing earned him a seat at the Académie, he is best known for a series of seven historical novels published in the 1950s under the title Les Rois maudits (The Accursed Kings). The novels were adapted for French television in 1972,[5] gaining a wider audience through overseas sales, and again in 2005, starring Jeanne Moreau. Fantasy writer George RR Martin stated that the novels had been an inspiration for his A Song of Ice and Fire series.[6]

His only work for children – Tistou les pouces verts – was published in 1957 and translated into English in 1958 (as 'Tistou of the Green Thumbs) and 2012 (as Tistou: The Boy With Green Thumbs).[7]

He was Minister of Cultural Affairs (1973–1974) in Pierre Messmer's cabinet, and a deputy of Paris (1978–1981). He is survived by his second wife, Madeleine Marignac, whom he married in 1968.[8] Druon was a descendant of Brazilian author Odorico Mendes.

Les Rois maudits (The Accursed Kings)[edit]

Main article: The Accursed Kings

The individual English titles below are from the Scribner English editions as published in the United States, rather than literal translations of the original French titles.

  1. Le Roi de fer (The Iron King)
  2. La Reine étranglée (The Strangled Queen)
  3. Les Poisons de la couronne (The Poisoned Crown)
  4. La Loi des mâles (The Royal Succession)
  5. La Louve de France (The She-Wolf of France)
  6. Le Lis et le Lion (The Lily and the Lion)
  7. Quand un Roi perd la France (When a King Loses France)

Bibliography[edit]

Honours and awards[edit]

Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour
Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters
Médaille de la France libre
Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE)
Grand Officer of Merit of the Sovereign Order of Malta
Dignitary or holder of Orders of the following countries: Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Greece, Italy, Lebanon, Morocco, Mexico, Monaco, Portugal, Russia, Senegal, Tunisia
Honorary Doctorates from York University (Toronto), Boston University (USA) and the University of Tirana (Albania)
Prix Goncourt (The Rise of Simon Lachaume, 1948)
Literary Award of the Foundation of Prince Pierre de Monaco (for lifetime achievement, 1966)
Prix Saint-Simon (Circumstances, 1998)
Prize Agrippa d'Aubigné (The Good French, 2000)
Order of Friendship, 1993 (Russia)

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.jinfo.org/Authors.html
  2. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2009/apr/16/maurice-druon-obituary
  3. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2009/apr/16/maurice-druon-obituary
  4. ^ Francine de Martinoir, « Maurice Druon, mort d’un partisan de la langue française », La Croix, 15 April 2009 (French)
  5. ^ {{:fr:Modèle:Allociné série|id=605|titre=Les Rois maudits}}
  6. ^ Game of Thrones: The cult French novel that inspired George RR Martin
  7. ^ Druon, Maurice (2012). Tistou: The Boy With Green Thumbs. Hawthorn Press. ISBN 978-1-907359-08-8. 
  8. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2009/apr/16/maurice-druon-obituary

External links[edit]