Maurice Fitzmaurice

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This article is about the Irish engineer. For the admiral, see Maurice Swynfen Fitzmaurice. For the Irish hurler, see Maurice Fitzmaurice (hurler).
Maurice Fitzmaurice
33665-Sir-Maurice-Fitzmaurice.jpg
Born 11 May 1861
Clogher, County Kerry, Ireland
Died 17 November 1924(1924-11-17) (aged 63)
London, United Kingdom
Nationality Irish
Education Trinity College, Dublin
Spouse(s) Ida Dickinson
Engineering career
Engineering discipline Civil
Institution memberships Institution of Civil Engineers (president),
American Society of Civil Engineers (hon),
Royal Society (fellow),
Society of Engineers (hon fellow),
Significant projects Aswan Dam,
Forth Bridge,
Sennar Dam,

Sir Maurice Fitzmaurice CMG (11 May 1861–17 November 1924) was an Irish civil engineer.[1] He was apprenticed to Benjamin Baker and worked with him on the Forth Railway Bridge before going to Egypt to build the Aswan Dam for which he was appointed both a member of the Ottoman Order of the Mejidiye and a companion of the British Order of St Michael and St George. Following this Fitzmaurice was Chief Engineer to the London County Council and was responsible for the Blackwall, Rotherhithe and Woolwich tunnels. In later life his consultancy advised on docks and harbours across the British Commonwealth as well as the Sennar Dam in Sudan and he was recognised with the prestigious honour of the presidency of the Institution of Civil Engineers for the 1916-17 session.

Early life and apprenticeship[edit]

Fitzmaurice was born at Clogher, Tralee, County Kerry, Ireland in 1861.[2] He received an education at The Royal School, Armagh prior to studying civil engineering at Trinity College, Dublin from 1878.[1] He graduated in 1882 and was articled (a form of apprenticeship) to Benjamin Baker where his first project was the construction of the south pier and railway approaches to the Forth Railway Bridge.[1] This work finished in 1888 and he spent the next three years working on the aborted construction of the Chignecto Ship Railway in Canada.[3]

London County Council[edit]

Fitzmaurice left Baker in 1892 and joined London County Council as a resident engineer where his first project was the Blackwall Tunnel; he worked with David Hay and the two authored a paper on the project published by the Institution of Civil Engineers in 1897.[4] He was then appointed chief resident engineer in 1898 by the Egyptian government for the construction of the Aswan Dam.[1] In recognition of his work he was made a member of the Ottoman Order of Medjidie (second class) in December 1901, during a visit by the Khedive to the building site;[5] and also appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) on 12 December 1902.[1][6] In 1901 he became the Chief Engineer to the London County Council and amongst his works for them was the Rotherhithe Tunnel, Vauxhall Bridge and the Woolwich foot tunnel.[7] Upon his retirement from the council in 1912 he received a knighthood.[1]

Later works[edit]

From 1912 he was a partner in John Coode's firm of engineers and worked extensively on docks, including designs for harbours in Australia, Burma, Malaya, Singapore, Ceylon, Nigeria, Kenya and the United Kingdom. From 1922 Fitzmaurice was also an advisor to the Sudanese government on irrigation of the Blue Nile including the plans for the Sennar Dam, which was built after his death.[1] During this time he was also a member of the Engineer and Railway Staff Corps, a voluntary Territorial Army unit providing engineering advice to the British Armed Forces, holding the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. He married Ida Dickinson in 1911 and died at his home in London on 17 November 1924.[1]

Professional recognition[edit]

Fitzmaurice first became involved with the Institution of Civil Engineers in 1883 as a student member, becoming an associate in 1887 and a full member in 1893.[1] He served on the institution's council from 1905 and was elected president for the 1916-7 session.[8] In 1919 he was elected as a fellow of the Royal Society and was an honorary member of the American Society of Civil Engineers and the Royal Engineers Institution and an honorary fellow of the Society of Engineers. He received an honorary doctorate of law from the University of Birmingham in 1909.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Carlyle, E.I.; rev. Cox, R.C. (2004). "‘Fitzmaurice, Sir Maurice (1861–1924)’". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33154. Retrieved 22 May 2008. 
  2. ^ Gordon Masterton's ICE presidential address
  3. ^ University of New Brunswick biography
  4. ^ D.Hay and M.Fitzmaurice, 'The Blackwall Tunnel', Minutes of proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, vol.CXXX, 1896–7, pp.50–79.
  5. ^ "Latest intelligence - the Khedive´s tour" The Times (London). Tuesday, 10 December 1901. (36634), p. 5.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27503. p. 8589. 12 December 1902. Retrieved 22 May 2008.
  7. ^ Engineering Timelines entry on foot tunnel
  8. ^ Watson, Garth (1988). The Civils. Thomas Telford. pp. p252. ISBN 0-7277-0392-7. 


Professional and academic associations
Preceded by
Alexander Ross
President of the Institution of Civil Engineers
November 1916 – November 1917
Succeeded by
Harry Edward Jones