Maurice Rapf

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Maurice Rapf
MauriceRapf.jpg
Born (1914-05-19)19 May 1914
Died 15 April 2003(2003-04-15) (aged 88)
Hanover, New Hampshire, U.S.
Occupation screenwriter, university professor
Spouse(s) Louise Seidel (m. 1947–2003)

Maurice Rapf (May 19, 1914 – April 15, 2003)[1][2][3][4] was a Jewish American screenwriter and professor of film studies. His work includes the screenplays for Song of the South, Winter Carnival, and So Dear to My Heart. He was a co-founder of the Screen Writers Guild. He was blacklisted in 1947 due to his association with the Communist Party. He later taught at Dartmouth College.

Early life[edit]

Rapf was the son of Harry Rapf, an executive at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios, and worked briefly as a child actor.

In 1934, while majoring in English at Dartmouth, Rapf visited the Soviet Union as an exchange student, where he was impressed by the presentation of Communism he was shown.[3] Despite the danger for a Jew to visit Berlin at that time, he stopped there on the way home, an experience which he described in his autobiography as convincing him that Communism was the only thing capable of defeating Hitler, and greatly influenced his political views.[5] He graduated in 1935, and moved to Hollywood.

Hollywood career[edit]

In Hollywood, he joined the Communist Party USA, and remained active in the party even after other Jewish sympathizers became disillusioned with it over Moscow's attempted appeasement of Hitler before being drawn into World War 2.[3] He became an advocate for the rights of creative professionals, and helped found the Screen Writers Guild (one of the groups that formed into the Writers Guild of America, West).

He entered the "family business" of filmmaking, and co-wrote screenplays for We Went to College (1936), They Gave Him a Gun (1937), and The Bad Man of Brimstone (1937). He went on to work on action films such as Sharpshooters (1938) and North of Shanghai (1939). When F. Scott Fitzgerald became incapacitated by drinking, Rapf replace him co-scripting Winter Carnival (1939).[4]

In 1944 Rapf was recruited by Walt Disney to work on the screenplay for Song of the South, from a treatment by Dalton Reymond.[6] According to journalist Neal Gabler, one of the reasons Disney hired Rapf was to temper what Disney feared would be Reymond's white Southern slant.

Rapf was a minority, a Jew, and an outspoken left-winger, and he himself feared that the film would inevitably be Uncle Tomish. "That's exactly why I want you to work on it," Walt told him, "because I know that you don't think I should make the movie. You're against Uncle Tomism, and you're a radical."[7]

Rapf initially hesitated, but when he found out that most of the film would be live-action and that he could make extensive changes, he accepted the offer.[6] Rapf worked on Uncle Remus for about seven weeks. When he got into a personal dispute with Reymond, he was taken off the project.[6]

On July 29, 1946, Rapf was one of several people listed in a column by The Hollywood Reporter publisher William Wilkerson, identifying them as Communists and sympathizers. "Billy's list" formed the basis for what became the Hollywood Blacklist,[8][9] and while Rapf was excused from testifying to the House Unamerican Activities Committee, being summoned effectively ended his career in the industry.[3]

After Hollywood[edit]

In 1947, Rapf married actress Louise Seidel, with whom he had two daughters (Joanna and Geraldine) and a son (William). He moved to Norwich, Vermont (near Dartmouth College), where he helped establish the Dartmouth Film Society.[4] He relocated to New York, where he pursued a career as a film critic (writing for Life and Family Circle magazines),[4] and as a writer, director, and producer of commercial and industrial films.

In 1967 he returned to Darthmouth to teach film studies, becoming a full-time member of the faculty in 1976.[4] He had one additional screenwriting credit in 1980: the 45-minute made-for-television animated film Gnomes which was nominated for an Emmy for Outstanding Animated Program. Late in life he wrote All About the Movies: A Handbook for the Moving-Loving Layman (2000) and an autobiography entitled Back Lot: Growing Up With the Movies (1999).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ronald Bergan (8 May 2003). "Obituary: Maurice Rapf". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Maurice Rapf, 88, Screenwriter and Film Professor". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d Jon C. Hopwood. "A Journal of the Plague Years: Maurice Rapf & the Hollywood Blacklist". Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Maurice Rapf (1914-2003)". Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Alan Vanneman (April 2000). "Back Lot: Growing Up with the Movies". Bright Lights Film Journal. Retrieved 2013-08-26. 
  6. ^ a b c Cohen, Karl F. (1997). Forbidden Animation: Censored Cartoons and Blacklisted Animators in America. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 64. ISBN 0-7864-2032-4. 
  7. ^ Gabler, Neal (2006-10-31). Walt Disney: The Triumph of the American Imagination. Knopf. pp. 432–9, 456, 463, 486, 511, 599. ISBN 0-679-43822-X. 
  8. ^ Wilkerson, William (1946-07-29). "A Vote For Joe Stalin". The Hollywood Reporter. p. 1. 
  9. ^ Baum, Gary; Daniel Miller (Nov. 30, 2012 (Online Nov. 19, 2012)). "Blacklist: THR Addresses Role After 65 Years". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 20 November 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]