Mauritanian parliamentary election, 2013

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Mauritanian parliamentary election, 2013
Mauritania
2006 ←
23 November and 21 December 2013 → Next

All 146 seats to the National Assembly
74 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
 
Leader Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Mohamed Lemine Mohamed Jemil Ould Mansour
Party UPR Tewassoul
Seats before 60 4
Seats won 75 16
Seat change Increase15 Increase12
Popular vote 127,580 81,744
Percentage 21.34% 13.68%
Seal of Mauritania.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Mauritania

Parliamentary elections were held in Mauritania on 23 November. The opposition has vowed to boycott the election unless the president steps down beforehand.[1] A total of 1,096 candidates have registered to compete for the leadership of 218 local councils across Mauritania, whilst 438 candidates are contesting for the 146 parliamentary seats. Some 1.2 million Mauritanians were eligible to vote in the election.[2] The first round results yielded a landslide victory for the ruling UPR winning 56 seats and their 14 coalition partners winning 34 seats. The Islamist Tewassoul party won 12 seats. The remaining seats were contested in a runoff on 21 December 2013.[3] The UPR won the majority with 75 seats in the Assembly.[4]

Background[edit]

The elections were originally set for 1 October 2011, then delayed several times to 16 October 2011, 31 March 2012, May 2012, October 2013 and November/December 2013, due to continuous disputes between the government and opposition parties.[5]

Campaign[edit]

The two week campaign period began on Friday 8 November. The beginning of the campaign was greeted with fireworks, car honking, and loud music in the streets, in the capital of Nouakchott.[6]

Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Mohamed Lemine called for Mauritanians to give the Union for the Republic a majority in parliament so that they could support the program of President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.[2] The UPR is also the only party fielding a contestant in every constituency.[7] The UPR has also criticized Tewassoul for its links to the Muslim Brotherhood, and has called for the movement to dissociate itself from Islamists elsewhere.[7]

Tewassoul has described its participation as a struggle against what it deems the dictatorship of President Mohamed Oul Abdel Aziz,[7] and Party President Mohamed Jemil Ould Mansour has called for a huge turnout by Tewassoul supporters.[6]

Thousands of supporters of the COD marched in Nouakchott on 6 November to protest against the election.[6]

Contestants[edit]

A total of 74 parties are taking part.[7] Tewassoul is the only member of the 11 party opposition alliance known as the Coordination of the Democratic Opposition (COD) to be taking part.[7] The COD's boycott has been criticised by the ruling UPR, with Ould Mohamed Lemine saying such action was unjustifiable "in view of the political and electoral reforms accomplished."[6]

The main contestants are seen to be the UPR, Tewassoul, and the People's Progressive Alliance.[7]

Results[edit]

Following the first round of voting, on 23 November, Tewassoul president Jemil Ould Mansour claimed at a party news conference that the party had found "serious irregularities" including ballot stuffing and voting being carried out after the count. Mansour claimed these irregularities could discredit the election, and stated that the party had sent a delegation to the electoral commission to complain. He did not say which parties he believed to have benefited from the alleged irregularities.[8]

Party National PR seats Women's seats Constituency seats Total
seats
First round Second round
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Union for the Republic 127,580 21.34 4 138,651 24.74 5 299,605 39.21 44 124,656 55.11 22 75
Tewassoul 81,744 13.68 3 88,014 15.70 3 102,404 13.4 6 31,103 13.75 4 16
People's Progressive Alliance 44,700 7.48 2 53,610 9.57 2 55,874 7.31 3 9,987 4.42 0 7
Burst of Youth for the Nation 25,706 4.3 1 34,850 6.22 1 54,857 7.18 2 12,934 5.72 0 4
El Wiam 22,888 3.83 1 32,142 5.74 1 59,847 7.83 6 11,369 5.03 2 10
Union for Democracy and Progress 20,470 3.42 1 25,539 4.56 1 25,828 3.38 4 8,458 3.74 0 6
APJD/MPR 15,577 2.61 1 18,029 3.22 1 13,068 1.71 2 4
El Karam 15,193 2.54 1 21,649 3.86 1 25,922 3.39 4 5,002 2.21 0 6
El Vadila 13,893 2.32 1 14,026 2.50 1 8,915 1.17 1 3
Party of Unity and Development 13,748 2.30 1 17,311 3.09 1 23,153 3.03 1 14,752 6.52 0 3
Party of Mauritanian Authenticity 11,072 1.85 1 1
Socialist Democratic Unionist Party 9,551 1.60 1 1
Ravah Party 8,378 1.40 1 9,091 1.62 1 4,752 0.62 1 3
Republican Party for Democracy and Renewal 8,367 1.40 1 14,170 2.53 1 5,082 0.67 1 3
Democratic Justice Party 8,286 1.39 0 8,691 1.55 1 1
Sawab 7,180 1.20 0 7,699 1.37 0 6,648 0.87 0 0
Dignity and Action Party 6,385 1.07 0 5,464 0.97 0 3,645 0.48 1 1
National El Inma Party 6,073 1.02 0 4,302 0.77 0 1,964 0.26 0 0
Democratic Renovation 6,002 1.00 0 8,216 1.47 0 5,105 0.67 0 0
People's Rally Party 5,169 0.86 0 846 0.11 0 0
Popular Front 5,123 0.86 0 2,879 0.38 0 0
Democratic Social Union Party 5,108 0.85 0 6,398 1.14 0 0
Partie Congre de Mauritanie 4,860 0.81 0 4,820 0.86 0 1,414 0.19 0 0
Democratic Socialist Party 4,819 0.81 0 62 0.01 0 0
Mauritanian Hope Party 4,766 0.80 0 6,134 1.09 0 1,571 0.21 0 0
PMRC 4,615 0.77 0 4,196 0.75 0 1,261 0.17 0 0
Mauritanian Party for Renewal 4,172 0.70 0 0
RNLDE Party 4,073 0.68 0 0
Democratic Peace and Progress Party 4,059 0.68 0 0
Shura Party for Development 4,000 0.67 0 821 0.11 0 0
Democratic People's Party 3,969 0.66 0 2,072 0.27 1 1
El Islah 3,885 0.66 0 3,853 0.69 0 2,663 0.35 1 1
Rally for Equality Party 3,703 0.62 0 0
People's Democratic Party 3,600 0.60 0 761 0.10 0 0
Mauritanian Liberal Democratic Party 3,459 0.58 0 0
Rally for Unity Party 3,385 0.57 0 2,856 0.51 0 2,629 0.34 0 0
National Agreement Party 3,296 0.55 0 464 0.06 0 0
Parti RibatDémocratique et Social 3,107 0.51 0 7,490 1.34 0 2,805 0.37 0 0
PMC and CPR Coalition 3,057 0.51 0 6,333 1.13 0 0
National Union for Democracy and Development 3,031 0.51 0 447 0.06 0 0
Mauritanian People's Movement Party 2,865 0.48 0 0
Democratic Consultation Party 2,861 0.48 0 4,663 0.83 0 1,832 0.24 0 0
Dialogue and Democracy Party 2,789 0.47 0 0
Equity and Defence of Right Party 2,781 0.47 0 0
Union for the Construction of Mauritania 2,707 0.45 0 4,588 0.82 0 1,104 0.14 0 0
Third Generation Party 2,623 0.44 0 1,381 0.18 0 0
Democratic Union of Youth 2,602 0.44 0 706 0.09 0 0
Civilisation and Development Party 2,490 0.42 0 3,478 0.62 0 1,764 0.23 0 0
Alliance for Democracy in Mauritania 2,479 0.41 0 1,817 0.24 0 0
National Democratic Union 2,307 0.41 0 0
Direct Democracy Union 2,266 0.38 0 1,756 0.23 0 0
Mauritanian Party for Reform and Equality 2,163 0.36 0 662 0.09 0 0
Union of the Democratic Center 2,123 0.36 0 506 0.07 0 0
Party of Labour and Equality 1,943 0.33 0 1,306 0.17 0 0
New Vision Party 1,581 0.26 0 0
Mauritanian Party for Democracy and Prosperity 1,547 0.26 0 191 0.02 0 0
Mauritanian Party for Justice and Democracy 1,345 0.23 0 4,172 0.74 0 614 0.08 0 0
Coalition of Mauritanians for the Fatherland 1,117 0.19 0 0
Mauritanian Party for Justice and Development 1,234 0.16 0 0
Party for a Contemporary Mauritania 1,167 0.15 0 0
Union of Social Forces 1,006 0.13 0 0
Rally of National Youth 925 0.12 0 0
Generation of a Democratic Future Party 681 0.09 0 0
Social Democratic Party 50 0.01 0 0
Wava Mauritanian Party 35 0.00 0 0
Coalitions 28,045 3.67 0 7,943 3.51 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 300,005 288,476 130,264 17,794
Total 878,693 100 20 848,911 100 20 894,410 100 78 243,998 100 28 146
Registered voters/turnout 1,189,105 73.90 1,189,105 71.39 1,179,384 75.84 311,940 78.22
Source: CENI

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mauritania calls elections for October 12". AFP (Noukachott: Fox News). 3 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Mauritania - Campaign for 147 Legislative Seats Underway". all Africa. 11 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "Mauritania ruling party stays on top". 6 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "Mauritania's ruling party wins legislative polls". 22 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Mauritania: Parliamentary and local elections postponed indefinitely". AFP (Noukachott). 25 August 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Mauritania election campaign underway despite opposition boycott". AFP (Nouakchott: Yahoo News). 8 November 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Sadi, Hademine Ould (21 November 2013). "Sink or swim for Mauritania's Islamists". IOL News. 
  8. ^ "Mauritania election 'marred by ballot-stuffing'". Agence France-Presse (Global Post). 25 November 2013.