The Parti Mauricien Social Démocrate (PMSD) (English: Mauritian Social Democratic Party) is a political party in Mauritius. It is conservative and francophile. It is the fourth biggest political party in the National Assembly after the Mauritian Labour Party, Mauritian Militant Movement and the Militant Socialist Movement. It has 2 MPs directly elected with 2 best losers, from the 2010 general elections.
Founded in 1956 by Jules Koenig, the Mauritian Social Democratic Party is one of the oldest parties in the country. It was known as the Mauritian Union from 1946 to 1956. After the post-colonial era, the PMSD was led by Sir Gaetan Duval from 1967 to 1995. The PMSD is known as the only political party which was not agreeing for an independent Mauritius. It started out with a huge mass in the minority communities such as the Christians and the Muslims and then with the arrival of the MMM in the 1970s, it faded. In 1967, it held 23 seats; in 1976 it held only 7; and now it holds only 4 MPs. It is now focused with the Creole community and has long been a loyal ally of the Mauritian Labour Party.
In 2000 it formed part of the historical MSM/MMM alliance as a minority party. It joined the Social Alliance which was ruled the Labour Party and its other allies. In 2009, it merged with the Xavier Duval Mauritian Party and retained its name; however, Xavier Luc Duval became leader and Maurice Allet became president.
- ^ Hutchinson Encyclopedia. Helicon. 1999. p. 686. ISBN 1-85986-254-3.