Mauritius (Commonwealth realm)

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Coordinates: 20°12′S 57°30′E / 20.2°S 57.5°E / -20.2; 57.5

Mauritius
Commonwealth realm

1968–1992
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
"Stella Clavisque Maris Indici" (Latin)
"Star and Key of the Indian Ocean"
Anthem
Motherland
Royal anthem
God Save the Queen
Capital Port Louis
Languages Mauritian Creole
French
English
Rodriguan Creole
Government Constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 -  1968–1992 Elizabeth II
Governor-General
 -  1968 (first) John Shaw Rennie
 -  1986–1992 (last) Veerasamy Ringadoo
Prime Minister
 -  1968–1982 Seewoosagur Ramgoolam
 -  1982–1992 Anerood Jugnauth
History
 -  Independence 12 March 1968
 -  Republic proclaimed 12 March 1992
Area
 -  1972 2,040 km² (788 sq mi)
Population
 -  1972 est. 851,334 
     Density 417.3 /km²  (1,080.9 /sq mi)
Currency Mauritian rupee
Calling code +230
Today part of  Mauritius

The Commonwealth realm of Mauritius, officially known simply as "Mauritius", was a predecessor to modern-day Republic of Mauritius and an independent state that existed between 1968 and 1992. When British rule ended in 1968, Mauritius was given independence as a Commonwealth realm in which form the state existed until the proclamation of the Republic of Mauritius on 12 March 1992. It was the most recent former Commonwealth realm to become a republic. During the Commonwealth realm phase, the British monarch remained head of state of Mauritius, and was represented in Mauritius by a governor-general. The following governors-general held office in Mauritius during the Commonwealth realm period:

Seewoosagur Ramgoolam and then Sir Anerood Jugnauth held office as Prime Minister of Mauritius during this period.

Elizabeth II visited Mauritius in March 1972 in her capacity as Queen of Mauritius.

Royal Standard of Mauritius.svg

Following the abolition of the monarchy, the last Governor General of Mauritius, Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo became the first President of the Republic of Mauritius.

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