Maury County, Tennessee

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Maury County, Tennessee
Maury County Tennessee Courthouse.jpg
Maury County Courthouse in Columbia
Seal of Maury County, Tennessee
Seal
Map of Tennessee highlighting Maury County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1807
Named for Abram Poindexter Maury[1]
Seat Columbia
Largest city Columbia
Area
 • Total 616 sq mi (1,594 km2)
 • Land 613 sq mi (1,587 km2)
 • Water 3 sq mi (7 km2), .43%
Population
 • (2010) 80,956
 • Density 113/sq mi (44/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.maurycounty-tn.gov

Maury County /ˈmɒr/ is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 80,956.[2] Its county seat is Columbia.[3]

Maury County is included in the Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The county was formed in 1807 from Williamson County and Indian lands. Maury County was named in honor of Major Abram Poindexter Maury of Williamson County, who was a member of the Tennessee legislature, and an uncle of Commodore Matthew Fontaine Maury.[1]

The rich soil of Maury County led to a thriving agricultural sector, starting in the 19th century. Farmers raised cotton, tobacco and livestock (especially dairy cattle). More recently, the county has led the state in beef cattle production.[1]

Columbia Race Riot of 1946[edit]

In 1946, a race riot dubbed the "Columbia Race Riot" occurred in Columbia. A fight between James Stephenson, an African-American Navy veteran, and a white shopkeeper apparently ignited the event, and later that same day there was shooting, fighting, and rioting between whites and blacks in a part of Columbia known as "Mink Slide", a name for the African-American business district. Several people were eventually charged with rioting and attempted murder; the main attorney who arrived in Columbia to defend Stephenson in the case was Thurgood Marshall, who would later become the first black United States Supreme Court justice.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 616 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 613 square miles (1,590 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (0.4%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 10,359
1820 22,141 113.7%
1830 27,665 24.9%
1840 28,186 1.9%
1850 29,520 4.7%
1860 32,498 10.1%
1870 36,289 11.7%
1880 39,904 10.0%
1890 38,112 −4.5%
1900 42,703 12.0%
1910 40,456 −5.3%
1920 35,403 −12.5%
1930 34,016 −3.9%
1940 40,357 18.6%
1950 40,368 0.0%
1960 41,699 3.3%
1970 43,376 4.0%
1980 51,095 17.8%
1990 54,812 7.3%
2000 69,498 26.8%
2010 80,956 16.5%
Est. 2012 81,990 1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid Maury County[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 69,498 people, 26,444 households, and 19,277 families residing in the county. The population density was 113 people per square mile (44/km²). There were 28,674 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.39% White, 14.25% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. 3.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 26,444 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.10% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 12.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,591, and the median income for a family was $48,010. Males had a median income of $37,675 versus $23,334 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,365. About 8.30% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.50% of those under age 18 and 12.10% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

The Maury County Airport is a county-owned public-use airport located 2 nautical miles (3.7 km; 2.3 mi) northeast of the central business district of Mount Pleasant[9] and 8 nautical miles (15 km; 9.2 mi) southwest of Columbia.[10]

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Marise P. Lightfoot, "Maury County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 11 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Carroll Van West. "Columbia race riot, 1946". Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  7. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  9. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for MRC (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective August 25, 2011.
  10. ^ "Distance and heading from Columbia, TN (35°36'54"N 87°02'40"W) to Maury County Airport (35°33'16"N 87°10'45"W)". Great Circle Mapper. Retrieved May 7, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Arkansas Governor James Philip Eagle". National Governors Association. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°37′N 87°05′W / 35.62°N 87.08°W / 35.62; -87.08