Mauser 1918 T-Gewehr

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Mauser Mod. 1918 13.2 mm Tankgewehr
Musee-de-lArmee-IMG 1006.jpg
13.2 mm Rifle Anti-Tank at the Musée de l'Armée in Paris
Type Anti-tank rifle, Anti-materiel rifle
Place of origin  German Empire
Service history
In service 1918-1933
Used by  German Empire
 Weimar Republic
Wars World War I
German Revolution of 1918–19
Production history
Manufacturer Mauser
Produced January 1918
Number built 15,800[1]
Variants M1918 shortened
Magazine-fed[2]
Specifications
Weight 15.9 kg (35 lb), 18.5 kg (41 lb) loaded with the bipod
Length 169.1 cm
Crew two man crew

Cartridge 13.2 mm TuF (German: Tank und Flieger)
Caliber 13.2 mm (.525 inches)
Action bolt-action
Rate of fire single shot
Effective firing range 500 m
Feed system manual
Sights 100 - 500 m (notched V)

The Mauser 13 mm anti-tank rifle (German: Tankgewehr M1918, usually abbreviated T-Gewehr[3][4]) was the world's first anti-tank rifle,[5] i.e. the first rifle designed for the sole purpose of destroying armored targets and the only anti-tank rifle to see service in World War I. Approximately 15,800 were produced.[6]

History[edit]

The British had first deployed tanks at the Battle of Flers–Courcelette in 1916 and they were followed by the French. It was a German weapon of World War I, appearing in February 1918. The Mauser Company began mass production at Oberndorf am Neckar in May 1918. The first of these off the production lines were issued to specially raised anti-tank detachments. The idea of using heavy calibre and high velocity rifles as anti-tank weapons originated in Germany. In June 1917, the German Army faced the menace of the Mark IV tank, and found that the armour-piercing 7.92 mm K bullet was no longer effective.

Operation[edit]

The rifle was a single shot bolt action rifle using the Mauser action, with rounds manually loaded into the chamber. The weapon had a pistol grip, bipod but no method of reducing the recoil such as a soft buttpad or muzzle brake. The iron sights were a front blade and tangent rear, graduated in 100 meter increments from 100 to 500 meters. The rifle was operated by a two-man crew of a gunner and ammunition bearer, who were both trained to fire the weapon.

Cartridge[edit]

The armour piercing hardened steel cored 13.2 x 92mm (.525-inch) semi-rimmed cartridge, often simply called "13 mm", was originally planned for a new, heavy Maxim MG.18 water-cooled machine gun, the Tank und Flieger (TuF) meaning for use against "tank and aircraft", which was under development and to be fielded in 1919. The rounds weighed 51.5 g (795 gn) with an initial velocity of 785 m/s (2,580 ft/s).[7] At 100 m an armour plate 22 mm thick could be pierced.

Surviving examples[edit]

The anti-tank rifle can be found in several museums:

See also[edit]

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References[edit]

External links[edit]

Germans also used may types of weapons