Mausoleum of Saad Zaghloul
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Saad Zaghloul (1853-1927) spent most of his adult life trying to end the British occupation of Egypt and Sudan, which had begun in 1882. He became a national spokesman for Egyptian and Sudanese self-rule, and held the post of Prime Minister for a time. Highly respected, even by the foreign governors he opposed, an eponymous mausoleum was erected in his honor shortly after his death. Built of granite, the mausoleum's design echoes that of pharaonic temples, with Arabic calligraphic engraving, with an outward-curving cornice and entrance flanked by two great lotus pillars. The mausoleum is built near Zaghloul's house, which is known as Beit el-Umma or the "House of the Nation". It is nowadays used as a museum in Zaghloul's memory, with his furniture and clothes stored inside.