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The word Maval is derived from a Marathi word Maval, meaning the direction in which the sun sets. This region is towards the west of Pune area. It is hilly terrain and part of the Sahyadri range/western ghats. The Sahyadri range goes from north to south. On the western part of the range lies the Konkan area and on the eastern side 'Maval'. Many rivers originate from this region and travel from west to east. Broadly speaking maval is subdivided into 12 subregions. Each subregion is mostly identified by the name of a river. The names of the subregions are Nane maval, Andar maval, Pawan maval, Gunjan maval, Karyat maval, Kanand maval, Hirdus maval, Mose Maval, Velkhand Maval, Korbarse maval etc. The highest point of this region is the Mahabaleshwar area, which is approximately 4500 feet above sea level. Maval is one of the world's highly biodiversified regions. It was the first abode of Shivaji, who formed an army of the local peasants called 'Mavale'. Chhatrapati Shivaji united, motivated, empowered and trained the 'mavale'. Maval region is a home to numerous forts of significant historical military importance. The whole of this region proudly carries the historical footprints of the Great Shivaji and his loyal 'Mavale'.
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