Mawlawi Afzal

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Mawlawi Mohammad Afzal (b. approximately 1925[1] - d. 2012) was an Panjpiri-educated Afghan clergyman of the Kam tribe[1] from Barg-i-Matal, Nuristan Province. He studied in Deoband, and later at Akora, Pakistan, before teaching at a madrassa in Karachi, and then in his native village of Badmuk.[2]

Following the Saur Revolution of 1978 in Afghanistan, Afzal established a Salafist mini-state in northern Nuristan, known as the Islamic Revolutionary State of Afghanistan, with consulates in Saudi Arabia and Pakistan.[3] Though Nuristan was generally a mujahideen area, Afzal as among those leaders who were at least temporarily co-opted by the DRA communist government.[4] In the 1980s, Afzal was among those Nuristani leaders who, after initially supporting him, expelled the southern Nuristan military leader Sarwar Nuristani, suspecting him of supporting the Communist government.[1] With the arrival of the Taliban in the mid 1990s, Afzal aligned himself with that movement, and received their support.[5]


  1. ^ a b c Professor Barnett R. Rubin, Barnett R. Rubin (2002). The Fragmentation of Afghanistan: State Formation and Collapse in the International System, Second Edition. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0300095197. 
  2. ^ Olivier Roy (September 1995). Afghanistan: from holy war to civil war. Darwin Press. ISBN 978-0-87850-076-5. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Robert D. Crews; Amin Tarzi (15 May 2009). The Taliban and the crisis of Afghanistan. Harvard University Press. pp. 338–. ISBN 978-0-674-03224-8. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  4. ^ Abdulkader H. Sinno (2009). Organizations at war in Afghanistan and beyond. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0801475788. 
  5. ^ Christine Noelle-Karimi (Editor), Conrad Schetter (Editor), Reinhard Schlagintweit (Editor) (2001). Afghanistan: A Country Without a State? (Schriftenreihe Der Mediothek Fur Afghanistan, Bd. 2). IKO. ISBN 978-3889396280. 

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