Mawson Peak

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Mawson Peak
Mawson Peak, Heard Island.
Satellite image of the southern tip of Heard Island. Cape Arkona is seen on the left side of the image, with Lied Glacier just above and Gotley Glacier just below. Big Ben Volcano and Mawson Peak are seen at the lower right side of the image.
Elevation 2,745 m (9,006 ft)[1]
Prominence 2,745 m (9,006 ft)
Listing Country high point
Ultra
Location
Mawson Peak is located in Indian Ocean
Mawson Peak
Mawson Peak
Location of Heard Island
Location Heard Island, Australia
Range Big Ben
Coordinates 53°6′00″S 73°31′00″E / 53.10000°S 73.51667°E / -53.10000; 73.51667Coordinates: 53°6′00″S 73°31′00″E / 53.10000°S 73.51667°E / -53.10000; 73.51667
Topo map RAN Heard Island 291
Geology
Type Complex volcano
Last eruption 2012 to 2013

Mawson Peak is an active volcanic mountain on Heard Island, an external Australian territory in the Southern Ocean. With its summit at 2,745 metres (9,006 ft), it is the second highest peak in any state or territory of Australia,[2] surpassed only by the 3,490 metres (11,450 ft) Mount McClintock in the Britannia Range in Australian Antarctic Territory.[3] An active complex volcano which erupted as recently as April 2013, Mawson Peak is the summit of the Big Ben massif.

Discovery and naming[edit]

Mawson Peak was named by the 1948 ANARE Heard Island Expedition after Sir Douglas Mawson, the leader of BANZARE 1929-31, who visited the island in November – December 1929.[4]

The 1964/65 expedition to Heard Island was led by Major Warwick Deacock with the schooner Patanela skippered by Major Bill Tilman. They succeeded in conquering Mawson Peak for the first time, which is the highest point on this remote island.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=37488&src=iotdrss
  2. ^ "Highest Mountains". Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism, Geoscience Australia. 2009-12-23. Retrieved 2010-04-05. 
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Mawson Peak
  4. ^ "Mawson Peak". Antarctic Gazetteer Name Details. Australian Antarctic Division. Retrieved 2010-04-05. 

External links[edit]