Max Blokzijl

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Max Blokzijl
Max Blokzijl spreekt tot de jeugd-2-2.jpg
Born Marius Hugh Louis Wilhelm Blokzijl
(1884-12-20)December 20, 1884
Leeuwarden
Died March 16, 1946(1946-03-16) (aged 61)
Scheveningen
Cause of death
Execution by firing squad
Citizenship Dutch
Occupation Journalist
Employer Algemeen Handelsblad
Political party
National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands

Marius Hugh Louis Wilhelm Blokzijl (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈmaːriəs juː lwi ˈʋɪləm ˈblɔksɛiɫ]) or Max Blokzijl (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈmɑɡz ˈblɔksɛiɫ]; 20 December 1884 – 16 March 1946) was a Dutch singer and journalist. Following the German occupation of the Netherlands Blokzijl was executed for his collaboration with Nazi Germany.

Born in Leeuwarden,[1] he trained as journalist before taking employment with the liberal Algemeen Handelsblad in 1903. Appointed foreign correspondent for the paper in 1908 he remained in this role until 1913 when he was given the role of Berlin correspondent.[2] Blokzijl settled in Berlin in 1918, working for the German press until 1940, while also serving as President of the Niederländischer Bund in Deutschland.[2]

Although based outside the Netherlands, Blokzijl, who had become a convinced Nazi, joined the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands (NSB) in 1935.[2] He returned to his homeland following the German invasion and became the propaganda chief for the new NSB puppet regime.[2] In February 1941, the NSB forcibly replaced Hendrikus Colijn as editor of the Protestant newspaper De Standaard with Blokzijl, who held the title of General Secretary for Press Affairs for the party.[3] In fact Blokzijl's role was much greater than his title implied as he was actually effective head of the press in the Netherlands.[2] He also broadcast pro-Nazi shows on Radio Hilversum which were particularly noted for the strength of their anti-British sentiment.[2]

On the 16th March 1946 Blokzijl became the first Dutch collaborator to be executed, dying at Scheveningen.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ One of his grandmother's was Jewish: Nederlandse instanties
  2. ^ a b c d e f Philip Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, 1990, p. 37
  3. ^ David Littlejohn, The Patriotic Traitors, London: Heinemann, 1972, p. 105
  4. ^ Littlejohn, The Patriotic Traitors, p. 127