Max Burckhard

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Max Burckhard (14 July 1854, Korneuburg, Lower Austria - 16 March 1912) was director of the Burgtheater, Vienna, 1890-1898.

Max Burckhard, a lawyer, became director of the theatre on May 12, 1890. He remained director of the theatre for eight years. He brought a fresh perspective to the theatre and introduced Sunday matinees at a reduced cost in order to widen their audience. He later remarked that the less wealthy audiences were the most "critically acute". While director, he remodeled the auditorium in the spring and summer of 1897, and introduced contemporary drama by Henrik Ibsen, Gerhart Hauptmann, Arthur Schnitzler, Hugo von Hofmannsthal to the Viennese audience as well as Austrian classics of Ludwig Anzengruber and Ferdinand Raimund. He hired famous actors like Friedrich Mitterwurzer, Adele Sandrock, Lotte Medelsky, Otto Tressler, Hedwig Bleibtreu and Josef Kainz. Burckhard was dismissed from his role of director in January 1898 because he closed the theatre mid-season for renovations.