OBE RDI FREng MA FCIBSE Hon FRIBA
|Born||Sigurd Max Fordham
|Known for||Establishing Max Fordham LLP|
Sigurd Max Fordham OBE RDI FREng MA FCIBSE Hon FRIBA (born 1933), known as Max Fordham, is a British designer, engineer and pioneer of sustainable design and environmentally friendly engineering. He is the founder of building services engineering firm Max Fordham LLP.
Early life and education
Fordham was born in 1933 to Molly Swabey, a journalist, and Michael Fordham, a Jungian analytical psychotherapist. His parents’ marriage dissolved in 1940. Michael remarried another analytical psychotherapist Frieda Hoyle the same year.
Around this time, during World War Two, Fordham went with his mother to stay with his uncle in the Caribbean, to avoid the bombing of London. Fordham settled in well there and Molly decided to return to England. However, while crossing the Atlantic in 1942, her boat sunk and she drowned.
Upon returning to England, Fordham attended the progressive Dartington Hall School, which intended to change social attitudes in the world. The school was a pupil-run democracy with the headmaster sitting in on the meetings and with a formal power of veto, which was never used. Fordham was the elected chairman for several years.
Lessons were voluntary but the first hour of every morning there was compulsory "useful work", where students helped maintain the school building. Fordham learned skills such as carpentry and metalwork and completed work including working as an assistant in the chemistry laboratory, book-binding in the library, repairing dining room oak chairs, building desks and turning spare parts for the electric polishing machines. It was an apprenticeship as such, and useful work tended to extend beyond the allotted hour. This was where Fordham first identified that he liked to design and create – the roots of his career stem from there.
After school (1952–54), Fordham did National Service as a pilot in the Fleet Air Arm. When he returned, he attended Trinity College, Cambridge, completing an MA in Natural Science (1954–1957). He chose to specialise in chemistry, physics, maths and mineralogy. This gave him a deeper education in chemistry and physics than he would have done if he had studied engineering.
Fordham found university disappointing and began to have doubts about becoming a scientist. He enjoyed the company of people studying the humanities and shared rooms with a school friend whose parents were artists. The professor of architecture, Sir Leslie Martin (designer of the Royal Festival Hall), suggested he consider heating engineering, a new field where he could be free to be inventive and design things using his physics degree.
He took a vacation job with engineering firm G N Haden. There he completed a small research project which resulted in his salary trebling. After that, he did a one year course at the National College of Heating, Ventilation, Refrigeration and Fan Engineering before starting work.
Early career (1958-1966)
Sir Leslie Martin arranged a job for Fordham as a development engineer at Weatherfoil Heating Systems Ltd in 1958, where he worked until 1961. There he completed a wide variety of design and research work. He designed the metered fan convection heating for Harvey Court, Cambridge, and was named as the inventor when this was patented. While Weatherfoil gave him a generous introduction to the building industry, they wanted to promote him away from design and into representing the firm. By this time he realised this direction included all of the building services: water supply, drainage, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, as well as electrical engineering and he wanted more time to develop his detailing skills.
After meeting Sir Philip Dowson through his future wife, Thalia Dyson, in 1961 he joined the Building Group (now Arup Associates), a group that included architects and structural engineers from Ove Arup & Partners. Here Fordham had to get to grips with drawing the services in complete detail. It provided an integrated team, where discussions about services could be argued over the lunch table. Eventually, Fordham took on the public health and electrical services as well, so the services disciplines could be represented by just one person at meetings.
Establishing his own practice, Max Fordham LLP (1966-present)
After moonlighting while at Arup Associates, Fordham realised he had the opportunity to start his own practice. In September 1966 he left Arup, and started working from his bedroom. Here he pursued a new approach to engineering based on his own curiosity about how buildings work. He resisted pigeonholing into the conventional boxes of engineering. He was always interested in the whole building, taking a creative but essentially practical approach to building services design, starting "with the edge of the universe as its boundary and then quickly narrowing down to the specific problem".
Fordham did not like imposing his will on people, and developed a philosophical justification for reconstituting the practice as a democracy. "Anyone fit to be an employee is fit to be a partner" was the slogan. They had difficulty getting a lawyer to take the proposition seriously until a young barrister teaching at Oxford, Leonard Hoffman, took the brief and made a working legal document, which was first signed in 1973. This co-operative meant everyone owned the practice and were in charge of running it.
However, as the practice expanded, they found legally the practice could not easily have more than 20 partners. To combat this, Fordham established Max Fordham Associates in 1984. In 2001, under the then new Limited Liability Partnership, the two partnerships became the single practice it is today.
A number of new consultancies were formed by ex-partners who had been trained in the Max Fordham partnerships. Of these, the most successful was Fulcrum Consulting, which continued and enhanced Max Fordham's ethos of green and eco-friendly design, to the extent that it was bought by the 14,000 strong multi-disciplinary multi-national Mott MacDonald in 2009 "to expand the Group’s building design offering, especially in the area of sustainability". Andy Ford, one of the founders of Fulcrum Consulting, became President of the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers in 2011, 10 years after Max Fordham had held the post.
Max Fordham has been a visiting professor in building and design at the University of Bath since 1990. He was also an external examiner at the Architectural Association from 1991–1997 and 2007-2011. Fordham has also lectured to designers and architects at:
- University of Edinburgh, 1992–1994
- University of Cambridge School of Architecture 1996-1999
- Mackintosh School of Architecture
- University of Reading
- Yale University
- University of Plymouth
- Hong Kong University & Hong Kong China
- University of Bristol
- University of Cardiff
- Cambridge IDBE
- Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
- The Bartlett
- University of Canterbury
- University of Singapore
- University of Birmingham
- University of Nottingham
- University of Loughborough, RCA.
Max was the Chairman of the Working Group for Communications for Building IT in 2000  and the Chairman of the Res Sub-Committee for Intelligent Façades for the Centre for Window & Cladding Technology in 1993.
Max Fordham's practice has designed the building services for very many projects since 1966. Some notable ones where he had a major personal involvement are
- Snape Maltings Concert Hall, Suffolk (while at Arup Associates)
- Newport High School, Newport, South Wales
- Hulme 5, Manchester, high rise development, since demolished
- Raychem building, Swindon
- Alexandra Road Estate, Swiss Cottage, London, modern iconic dense terraced housing, first post-war housing estate to be listed (Grade II*)
- Queen's Building at De Montfort University
- Contact Theatre, Manchester
- Lighthouse Arts Centre, Poole
- Olivier Theatre, Bedales School, Hampshire
- Environmental Building, Building Research Establishment, Watford
- RMC International Headquarters, Egham, Surrey
- Indoor cricket school at Lord's Cricket Ground, St John's Wood, London
- Heelis, the National Trust headquarters, Swindon
CIBSE (Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers) presented its Gold Medal to him in 1997 for his part in raising the perceived value of CIBSE and with a bronze medal for a research paper. He was President of the Institution in 2001, after being Vice President in 1999 and President-elect in 2000.
He was on the judging panel for the RIBA Stirling Prize in 2005 and in 2006 was voted into the inaugural Building Hall of Fame, a list of 40 people who have had the most significant positive impact on the UK construction industry in the last 40 years.
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