Max Hödel

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Emil Max Hödel
Max Hödel.png
Art by Michael J. Schaack, 1889.
Born 1857
Died 16 August 1878
Occupation Plumber
Criminal penalty
Death Penalty
Criminal status Executed (by decapitation)

Emil Max Hödel (27 May 1857 – 16 August 1878) was a plumber from Leipzig, Germany who became known for a failed assassination. A former member of the Leipzig Social-Democratic Association, he was expelled from the organization in the 1870s[1] and eventually became involved in anarchism.

Hödel used a revolver to shoot at the German Emperor, Wilhelm I, on 11 May 1878, while the 81-year-old and his daughter, Princess Louise of Prussia, paraded in their carriage. When the bullet missed, Hödel ran across the street and fired another round which also missed. In the commotion one of the individuals who tried to apprehend Hödel suffered severe internal injuries and died two days later.

The State convicted Hödel after a photographer who took the radical’s picture days before the assassination attempt testified that after he took the picture Hödel said it would sell thousands once a certain piece of information [was] hashed through the world.

Hödel was beheaded on 16 August 1878.

Although Hödel had been expelled from the Social Democratic Party, his actions, alongside Karl Nobiling's, were used as justification to ban the party through the Anti-Socialist Law in October 1878.

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