|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014)|
Max Kampelman, born Max Kampelmacher (November 7, 1920 – January 25, 2013), was an American diplomat.
Kampelman was born in New York, New York. He received his B.A. from New York University in 1940 and LL.B., also from New York University, in 1947, and an honorary LL.D. from Bates College in 1986. At the University of Minnesota, he earned an M.A. in political science in 1946, an M.A. in public administration in 1947, and a Ph.D. in political science in 1952.
He started his career in the Second World War as a conscientious objector. To fulfill his draft obligation, he volunteered for the Minnesota Starvation Experiment at the University of Minnesota undertaken by nutritionist Ancel Keys. Upon completing the one-year experiment, he renounced pacifism and went on to become a lawyer, diplomat and educator.
He served as Ambassador to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe from 1980–1983; Ambassador and Head of the United States Delegation to the Negotiations with the Soviet Union on Nuclear and Space Arms in Geneva from 1985–1989; and as Counselor to the United States Department of State from 1987–1989. He then rejoined the law firm of Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver, & Jacobson LLP, where he was of counsel.
Kampelman was a member of the Board of Advisors for the think-tank Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA). He was vice-chairman of the Board of Directors of the United States Institute of Peace from 1992–2001. At the time of his death, he was co-chair of the American Committee for Peace in Chechnya and a member of the Committee on the Present Danger, a policy institute that favors larger defense budgets and arms build-ups.
On January 18, 1989, President Reagan awarded Kampelman the Presidential Citizens Medal. On August 11, 1999, President Clinton awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom. On May 22, 2008, at a ceremony held at the US State Department in Washington, DC, Kampelman was presented by the National Endowment for Democracy with its Democracy Service Medal in recognition of his lifetime achievement in advancing the principles of freedom, human rights, and democracy.
Kampelman served as a motivating force behind the op-ed "A World Free of Nuclear Weapons," published on January 4, 2007, in the Wall Street Journal by George P. Shultz, Henry Kissinger, Sam Nunn and William Perry.
- KAMPELMAN, Max M. International Who's Who. accessed September 4, 2006.
- A World Free of Nuclear Weapons. The Wall Street Journal. accessed August 26, 2008.