Max Lehmann (19 May 1845 – 8 October 1929) was a German historian, born in Berlin and educated at Königsberg, Bonn, and Berlin.
In 1879 Lehmann began to teach in the Berlin Military Academy, and in 1887 was made a member of the Prussian Academy; a year later he went to Marburg as professor of history. In 1892 he was appointed to a like chair at Leipzig and in 1893 became professor of medieval and modern history at Göttingen. Famous Polish historian Szymon Askenazy wrote doctoral dissertation under Lehmann's supervision (1894).
- Das Aufgebot zur Heerfahrt Ottos II nach Italien (1869)
- Der Krieg von 1870 bis zur Einschliessung von Metz (1873)
- Knesebeck und Schon: Beiträge zur Geschichte der Freiheitskriege (1875)
- Stein, Scharnhorst und Schön (1877)
- Scharnhorst (1886–87), which won a prize
- Friedrich der Grosse (1894)
- Freiherr von Stein (1902–05), which won the Wedekind prize
- Historische Aufsätze und Reden (1911)
- Die Erhebung von 1813 (1913)