Max Planck Institute for Chemistry

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The Max Planck Institute for Chemistry (Otto Hahn Institute) (German: Max Planck Institut für Chemie - Otto Hahn Institut) is a scientific research institute under the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft.

Basic research in chemistry and related subjects is carried out at the (currently) four departments of the institute. The departments are independently led by their Directors.

The departments[edit]

The department of Atmospheric Chemistry is led by Prof. Jos Lelieveld. The research focuses on the study of ozone and other atmospheric photo-oxidants, their chemical reactions and global cycles.

Prof. Meinrat O. Andreae is the head of the Department of Biogeochemistry. Experimental studies on the exchange of trace gases and aerosols between biosphere, atmosphere and hydrosphere are carried out there.

The Geochemistry department explores the chemical composition and the temporal evolution of the Earth's mantle and crust. The department is led by Prof. Albrecht W. Hofmann.

The Particle Chemistry department is led by Prof. Stephan Borrmann and conducts research on the physical and chemical processes that determine cloud formation.

The Multiphase Chemistry department is led by Dr Ulrich Pöschl and studies biological and organic aerosols, aerosol-cloud interactions and atmosphere-surface exchange processes. It also explores how protein macromolecules change due to air pollutants and their effects on allergic reactions and diseases.

History[edit]

The Institute was founded as Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry in Berlin Dahlem in 1911. In this Institute Otto Hahn and Fritz Straßmann conducted the experiments which yielded the discovery of nuclear fission. Otto Hahn was director of the Institute from 1928 till 1948. The Institute was heavyly damaged by air raide in 1944 and moved to Tailfingen.

After World War II the institute moved to the campus of Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz in 1949. In 1959 the Kaiser Wilhelm Society was restructured and renamed becoming the Max Planck Society, the institute was also renamed as the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry. Radiochemistry, Nuclear physics, Geochemistry, Cosmochemistry and Atmospheric chemistry were research areas of the institute.

Staff[edit]

Early 2005 a total of 247 persons were employed at the institute.

Directors of the Institute[edit]

Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry[edit]

Max Planck Institute for Chemistry[edit]

  • 1949 - 1953 Fritz Straßmann
  • 1941 - 1965 Josef Mattauch
  • 1953 - 1958 Friedrich A. Paneth
  • 1959 - 1978 Heinrich Hintenberger
  • 1959 - 1978 Hermann Wäffler
  • 1967 - 1996 Heinrich Wänke
  • 1968 - 1979 Christian Junge
  • 1978 - 1995 Friedrich Begemann
  • 1980 - 2000 Paul J. Crutzen
  • 1980 - 2007 Albrecht W. Hofmann
  • 1987 Meinrat O. Andreae
  • 1996 Günter W. Lugmair
  • 2000 Johannes Lelieveld
  • 2001 Stephan Borrmann
  • since 2014 Ulrich Pöschl (managing director)

Graduate program[edit]

The International Max Planck Research School (IMPRS) on Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics is a graduate program offering a Ph.D.. The school is run in cooperation with the University of Mainz, the University of Heidelberg and the University of Frankfurt.

Databases[edit]

The institute provides two geochemical databases which give information about reference materials of geological and environmental interest (GeoReM)[1] and about volcanic rocks and mantle xenoliths (GEOROC).[2]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 49°59′31″N 8°14′19″E / 49.99194°N 8.23861°E / 49.99194; 8.23861