Max Richter

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Max Richter
Max Richter at Cadogan Hall (portrait).jpg
Background information
Born (1966-03-22) 22 March 1966 (age 48)
Germany
Occupations Composer, pianist, producer
Years active 1990s–present
Labels Deutsche Grammophon
Website maxrichtermusic.com

Max Richter (born March 22, 1966), a German born, British composer is considered to be one of the most influential composers of the last ten years, spearheading the recent movement in neo-classical composition and the broadening out of the definitions of classical music into the indie world.[1][2] Richter himself is classically trained, having graduated in composition from the Royal Academy of Music and with Luciano Berio in Italy,[3] but influenced equally by Punk and Electronic music,[4] began to incorporate electronics into his compositions from his first releases.

Richter is something of a polymath, known for his prolific output,[5] releasing not only his own solo albums, but producing and collaborating on the records of others, and writing for stage, opera, ballet and screen, as well as collaborating with highly regarded performance, installation and media artists. His music is widely synced in the movies.

Early career[edit]

Richter studied composition and piano at the University of Edinburgh, the Royal Academy of Music, and with Luciano Berio in Florence.[6][not in citation given] After finishing his studies, Richter co-founded the contemporary classical ensemble Piano Circus.[7] He stayed with the group for ten years, commissioning and performing works by Arvo Pärt, Brian Eno, Philip Glass, Julia Wolfe, and Steve Reich. The ensemble was signed to Decca/Argo, producing five albums.

In 1996, Richter collaborated with Future Sound of London on their album Dead Cities, beginning as a pianist, but ultimately working on several tracks, as well as co-writing one track (titled Max). Richter subsequently worked with the band over a period of two years, also contributing to the albums The Isness and The Peppermint Tree and Seeds of Superconsciousness. In 2000, Richter worked with Mercury Prize winner Roni Size on the Reprazent album In the Møde. Richter produced Vashti Bunyan's 2005 album Lookaftering[8] and Kelli Ali's 2008 album Rocking Horse.[9]

Solo work[edit]

Memoryhouse (2002)[edit]

In 2002, Richter released his solo debut Memoryhouse, an experimental album of "documentary music" recorded with the BBC Philharmonic Orchestra, which explores real and imaginary stories and histories.[10] It combines ambient sounds, voices, and poetry readings and includes the tracks "Sarajevo", "November" and "Last Days". BBC Music described the album as "a masterpiece in neoclassical composition."[11] It went out of print several years later, but was re-released in 2009. Four tracks—"Europe, After the Rain", "The Twins (Prague)", "Fragment", and "Embers"—were used in the six-part 2005 BBC documentary Auschwitz: The Nazis and the Final Solution produced by Laurence Rees.[12] Memoryhouse was first played live by Richter at the Barbican Centre on January 24, 2014 to coincide with a vinyl re-release of the album. Pitchfork gave the re-release an 8.7 rating, commenting on its extensive influence "In 2002, Richter’s ability to weave subtle electronics against the grand BBC Philharmonic Orchestra helped suggest new possibilities and locate fresh audiences that composers such as Nico Muhly and Michał Jacaszek have since pursued. As you listen to new work by Julianna Barwick or Jóhann Jóhannson, thank Richter; just as Sigur Rós did with its widescreen rock, Richter showed that crossover wasn’t necessarily an artistic curse".[13]

The Blue Notebooks (2004)[edit]

On his second album The Blue Notebooks, released in 2004, actress Tilda Swinton reads from Kafka’s Blue Octavo and other shadow journals.[14] Pitchfork described the album as "Not only the finest record of the last six months, but one of the most affecting and universal contemporary classical records in recent memory.”[15]

Songs from Before (2006)[edit]

In 2006, he released his third solo album, Songs from Before, which features Robert Wyatt reading texts by Haruki Murakami.[16]

24 Postcards in Full Colour (2008)[edit]

Richter released his fourth solo album 24 Postcards in Full Colour, a collection of 24 classically-composed miniatures for ringtones, in 2008.[17] The pieces are a series of variations on the basic material, scored for strings, piano, and electronics.

Infra (2010)[edit]

Richter's 2010 album, Infra, is an extension of his 25-minute score for a ballet choreographed by Wayne McGregor and staged at the Royal Opera House.[18] Infra is composed of music written for piano, electronics and string quintet, the full performance score, as well as material that subsequently developed from the construction of the album.[19] Pitchfork described the album as "achingly gorgeous"[20] and The Independent newspaper characterised Infra as "a journey in 13 episodes, emerging from a blur of static and finding its way in a repeated phrase that grows in loveliness."[21]

Recomposed by Max Richter: Vivaldi, The Four Seasons (2012)[edit]

Richter’s recomposed version of Vivaldi’s The Four Seasons was premiered in the UK at the Barbican Centre on 31 October 2012, performed by the Britten Sinfonia, conducted by André de Ridder and with violinist Daniel Hope.[22] Although Richter said that he had discarded 75% of Vivaldi’s original material,[23] the parts he does use are phased and looped, emphasising his grounding in postmodern and minimalist music.[24] The album topped the iTunes classical chart in the UK, Germany and the US.[25] The US launch concert in New York at Le Poisson Rouge was recorded by NPR and streamed.

Film and television work[edit]

Richter has composed numerous film soundtracks. He executed the score to Ari Folman’s Golden Globe-winning film Waltz with Bashir in 2007,[26] supplanting the standard orchestral soundtrack with synth-based sounds. Max Richter also composed music for the independent feature film Henry May Long, starring Randy Sharp and Brian Barnhart, back in 2008. Richter wrote the music for Feo Aladag's film Die Fremde (with additional music by Stéphane Moucha).[27]

In 2010 Dinah Washington's This Bitter Earth was remixed with Richter's On the Nature of Daylight for the Martin Scorsese film Shutter Island.[28] In July 2010, On The Nature Of Daylight and Vladimir's Blues featured throughout the BBC Two two-part drama Dive, which was co-written by BAFTA-winning Dominic Savage and Simon Stevens. On The Nature Of Daylight was also featured in an episode of HBO's television series Luck.[29] Richter also wrote the soundtrack to Peter Richardson’s documentary, How to Die in Oregon,[30] and the score to Les Impardonnables (2011) directed by André Téchiné.[31]

An excerpt of the song Sarajevo from his 2002 album Memoryhouse was used in the international trailer for the Ridley Scott film Prometheus. The same track was also later used in the teaser trailer for the 2014 film Need for Speed. The track, November, from the same album, was featured in the international trailer for Terrence Malick's 2012 film, To the Wonder, and in the trailer for Clint Eastwood's 2011 film, J. Edgar. Films featuring Max's music released in 2011 include French drama Elle s’appelait Sarah by Gilles Paquet-Brenner, and David MacKenzie's romantic thriller Perfect Sense. In 2012 he composed the scores for Cate Shortland's 2012 Australian-German war thriller Lore and Disconnect, directed by Henry Alex Rubin. Richter latest project is the score to Ari Folman’s new film The Congress, which was released in 2013.

Richter is also the composer of the original soundtrack for the HBO series ''The Leftovers created by Damon Lindelof and Tom Perrotta, which was premiered in June 2014. Some of the compositions are included in the album The Blue Notebooks.[32]

Ballet, Opera and Stage Works[edit]

Richter wrote the score to Infra as part of a Royal Ballet-commissioned collaboration with dancer Wayne McGregor and artist Julian Opie. The production was staged at the Royal Opera House in London in 2008. In 2011, Richter composed a chamber opera based on neuroscientist David Eagleman's book Sum: Forty Tales from the Afterlives. The opera was choreographed by Wayne McGregor and premiered at the Royal Opera House Linbury Studio Theatre in 2012. The piece received positive reviews, with London's Evening Standard saying "[it] fits together rather beautifully".[33] Their collaboration continued in April 2014 with Wayne McGregor's 'Kairos'; a ballet set to Richter's recomposition of the Four Seasons and part of a collaborative program involving three different choreographers titled 'Notations' with Ballett Zürich.[34] In April 2014 it was also announced that Richter and McGregor will collaborate again together on a new full-length ballet for summer 2015, as part of the 2014-15 Royal Opera House season.[35] In 2012/13, Richter contributed music to The National Theatre of Scotland's production of Macbeth, starring Alan Cumming. The play opened at New York's Lincoln Centre and subsequently moved to Broadway.[36] The company had previously used Richter's 'Last Days' in their acclaimed production of Black Watch.

Other Collaborations[edit]

In 2010, Richter's soundscape The Anthropocine formed part of Darren Almond’s film installation at the White Cube gallery in London. The composer has also collaborated with digital art collective Random International on two projects, contributing scores to the installations Future Self (2012),[37] staged at the MADE space in Berlin, and Rain Room (2012/13) at London's Barbican Centre[38] and MOMA, New York.[39]

Solo discography[edit]

Film scores[edit]

Film Year Director Notes
Gender Trouble 2003 Roz Mortimer
Geheime Geschichten 2003 Christine Wiegand
Soundproof 2006 Edmund Coulthard
Work 2006 Jim Hosking
Butterfly 2007 Tracey Gardiner
Nadzieja 2007 Stanislaw Mucha
Frankie Howerd: Rather You Than Me 2008 John Alexander
Henry May Long 2008 Randy Sharp
Waltz with Bashir
(Vals Im Bashir)
2008 Ari Folman Won "Best Composer" at the 21st Annual European Awards
Lost and Found 2008 Philip Hunt
Penelope
(Penelopa)
2009 Ben Ferris
La vie sauvage des animaux domestiques
(Die wilde Farm)
2009 Dominique Garing & Frédéric Goupil
The First Line
(La prima linea)
2009 Renato De Maria
My Words, My Lies - My Love
(Lila, Lila)
2009 Alain Gsponer
When We Leave
(Die Fremde)
2010 Feo Aladağ With Stéphane Moucha
My Trip to Al-Qaeda 2010 Alex Gibney
Womb 2010 Benedek Fliegauf
Sarah's Key
(Elle s'appelait Sarah)
2010 Gilles Paquet-Brenner
The Gift 2010 Andrew Griffin With Hildur Guðnadóttir
How to Die in Oregon 2010 Peter D. Richardson
Perfect Sense 2011 David Mackenzie
Impardonnables 2011 André Téchiné
Nach der Stille 2011 Stephanie Bürger, Jule Ott
& Manal Abdallah
With Sven Kaiser
Edwin Boyd: Citizen Gangster 2011 Nathan Morlando
Spanien 2012 Anja Salomonowitz
Lore 2012 Cate Shortland
Jiro Dreams of Sushi 2011 David Gelb With Jiro Ono
The Patience Stone/Syngue Sabour 2011 Atiq Rahimi
Miserere 2012 Sylvain White
Disconnect 2012 Henry-Alex Rubin
La Religieuse 2013 Guilliame Nicloux
Wadjda 2013 Haifaa Al-Mansour
The Congress 2013 Ari Folman
The Lunchbox 2013 Ritesh Batra
The Last Days on Mars 2013 Ruairí Robinson
As Above, So Below 2014 John Erick Dowdle
Testament of Youth 2015 James Kent

Awards and nominations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Currin, Grayson. "Max Richter Memoryhouse". Pitchfork. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  2. ^ Falcone, Jon. "Max Richter Discusses Revisiting Memoryhouse". www.drownedinsound.com. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "Max Richter Bio". FatCat Records. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  4. ^ Tingen, Paul. "Max Richter: Recording The Blue Notebooks". Sound on Sound. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "Crack Magazine". www.crackmagazine.com. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "Max Richter". FatCat Records. Retrieved 19 August 2011. 
  7. ^ Mark Pappenheim (24 November 1993). "MUSIC / Many hands make light work". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2011-10-19. 
  8. ^ Adam Park (11 October 2006). "The Richter Scale". Boomkat. Archived from the original on 2010-09-13. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  9. ^ "Biography Kelli Ali". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  10. ^ "Max Richter Memoryhouse". Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  11. ^ "Max Richter Recording The Blue Notebooks/". 
  12. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0941057/
  13. ^ Currin, Grayson. "Max Richter : Memoryhouse". Album Review. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  14. ^ Paul Tingen (January 2005). "Max Richter Recording The Blue Notebooks". Sound On Sound. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  15. ^ http://pitchfork.com/reviews/albums/6917-the-blue-notebooks/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ "SONGS FROM BEFORE • Max Richter". Puremusic. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  17. ^ Michael Crumsho (22 October 2008). "Max Richter - "Berlin By Overnight" (24 Postcards In Full Colour)". Dusted Magazine. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  18. ^ Gilbert, Jenny (16 November 2008). "Royal Ballet, Royal Opera House, London Rambert Dance Company, Sadler's Wells, London". The Independent (London). 
  19. ^ Walby, Sam (2010-07-21). "Album Review: Max Richter - Infra / Releases / Releases // Drowned In Sound". Drownedinsound.com. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  20. ^ http://pitchfork.com/reviews/albums/14452-infra/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. ^ Pritchard, Claudia (2010-08-08). "Album: Max Richter, Infra (Fat Cat Records)". The Independent (London). 
  22. ^ "Max Richter: Vivaldi Recomposed". 31 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-10. 
  23. ^ "Recomposed by Max Richter: Vivaldi, The Four Seasons". Retrieved 2012-12-27. 
  24. ^ Tania Halban (28 November 2012). "Recomposed or refragmented?". Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  25. ^ "RECOMPOSED | Chart-Erfolg für Max Richters "Vivaldi Recomposed" in den USA | News". Klassikakzente.de. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  26. ^ "Richter's Scale: Scoring 'Waltz With Bashir' | Art Beat | PBS NewsHour". PBS. 2009-02-05. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  27. ^ http://www.discogs.com/Max-Richter-Stéphane-Moucha-Die-Fremde-Original-Soundtrack/release/2412419
  28. ^ "A Life In the Mind: With "Shutter Island," Scorsese goes for baroque (review)". Newcity Film. 2010-02-17. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  29. ^ "Luck: Season 1 Episode 4: Music". HBO. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  30. ^ "Joshua Reviews Peter Richardson’s How To Die In Oregon [SXSW 2011 Review]". CriterionCast. 2011-03-26. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  31. ^ ""Unforgivable" von André Téchiné | Cannes 2011 | Film | de - ARTE". Arte.tv. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  32. ^ "Max Richter to Score HBO's The Leftovers". www.filmmusicreporter.com. 
  33. ^ Kieron Quirke (2012-05-24). "Sum, Royal Opera House - review - Music - Going Out - London Evening Standard". Standard.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  34. ^ "Dance Festival Steps". Notations. Migros Culture Percentage. 
  35. ^ Sulcas, Rosalyn. "Virginia Woolf Ballet and New Philip Glass Work Highlight Royal Opera House Season". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  36. ^ Isherwood, Charles (2013-04-21). "‘Macbeth,' With Alan Cumming at the Barrymore Theater". The New York Times. 
  37. ^ "rAndom international: future self at MADE space, berlin". Designboom.com. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  38. ^ Wainwright, Oliver (2012-10-03). "Art (visual arts only),Art and design,Barbican,Culture,Science,UK news". The Guardian (London). 
  39. ^ Brooks, Katherine (2013-06-11). "WATCH: Inside The Rain Room". Huffington Post. 

External links[edit]