Max von Fabeck

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Max von Fabeck
Max von Fabeck (1915).jpg
General von Fabeck
Born 6 May 1854
Berlin, Kingdom of Prussia
Died 16 December 1916(1916-12-16) (aged 62)
Partenkirchen, Kingdom of Bavaria
Allegiance  Prussia
 German Empire
Service/branch Flag of the German Empire.svg Imperial German Army
Years of service 1871–1916
Rank Rank insignia of General of the Wehrmacht.svg General der Infantarie
Commands held
Battles/wars

World War I

Awards Pour le Mérite

Herrmann Gustav Karl Max von Fabeck (6 May 1854 - † 16 December 1916) was a Prussian military officer and a German General der Infantarie during World War I. A competent and highly decorated commander, von Fabeck is a recipient of the Pour le Mérite, Prussia's and Germany's highest military honor.[1]

Life[edit]

Fabeck was born in Berlin in 1854, when it was the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia. He was the son of Prussian Lieutenant-General Hermann von Fabeck (1816–1873) and wife Bertha, née von dem Borne (1829–1910). By the time he was 17 years old he was already a second lieutenant in the 1st Footguards Regiment (German: 1. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß). From 1878 to 1879 he attended the Prussian Military Academy. In 1882 he was appointed to the German General Staff and was promoted to captain in 1884. From 1886 he served in the General Staff of the 28. Division in Karlsruhe.

On 24 October 1887 married Helene von Seldeneck (born 7 October 1863 in Karlsruhe, † 13 July 1938 in Cologne), the daughter of the Grand Duke of Baden, chamberlain of William and Julie Brandt Seldeneck of Lindau. The couple had three daughters Ilse, Margaret and Hildegard.

He became a staff officer to the VI Army Corps in Breslau in 1889 and shortly thereafter was promoted to Major. From 1893 he served in the regiment Grenadier König Friedrich Wilhelm II. (1. Schlesisches ) Nr. 10 in Schweidnitz. In 1896 he was a Lieutenant Colonel Chief of Staff of the XI. Army Corps in Kassel. In 1898 he was promoted to Colonel and received his first command: the Infanterie-Regiments „Herzog Friedrich Wilhelm von Braunschweig“ (Ostfriesisches) Nr. 78 in Osnabrück. From 1901 he led the 25th Infantry Brigade in the 13th Army Division in Münster. He was promoted to Major General that same year.

In 1906 Fabeck was promoted to lieutenant general and commander of the 28th Army Division in Karlsruhe. In 1910 he was appointed general of the infantry and commanding general of the XV Army Corps in Strasbourg. In 1913 he assumed the same position at the XIII (Royal Württemberg) Army Corps in Stuttgart.

World War I[edit]

At the beginning of World War, the XIII Army Corps commanded by von Fabeck was part of Germany's 5th Army which was commanded by Crown Prince Wilhelm. It participated in the mobile battles known as the Race to the Sea and the First Battle of Ypres. In March 1915 von Fabeck briefly commanded the newly formed 11th Army, which was quickly transferred from the Western to the Eastern fronts with whom he fought in Lithuania. In April 1915 he replaced the injured Alexander von Kluck as commander of the 1st Army. In September 1915 von Fabeck got command of the 12th Army, with whom he transferred to the Eastern Front. He was also attached à la suite to Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 129 on 27 January 1916.[2] Before he fell ill in October 1916 von Fabeck was the commander of 8th Army for a few weeks.

General von Fabeck was awarded the Pour le Mérite for outstanding military leadership during the 1914-15 campaigns in Flanders and northern France,[2] as well as in recognition of successful operational planning in the battles at Mons, Le Cateau and the Ourcq river. He received a personal telegram from the Wilhem II congratualating him on the award.[3]

Death[edit]

In October 1916 von Fabeck became seriously ill and he committed suicide on 16 December 1916 at Partenkirchen, Kingdom of Bavaria.[2]

Awards[edit]

Dates of ranks[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b William E. Hamelman: The History of the Prussian Pour le Mérite Order, Volume III (1888–1918) Matthäus Publishers, 1986
  2. ^ a b c Max von Fabeck at The Prussian Machine, Retrieved 6 June 2012
  3. ^ Max von Fabeck - Orden Pour le Mérite at pourlemerite.org, Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Preußisches Kriegsministerium: Rangliste der Königlich Preußischen Armee und des XIII. (Königlich Württembergischen) Armeekorps für 1914 (Berlin: Ernst Siegfried Mittler & Sohn, 1914) p. 1160
  5. ^ Otto von Moser: Die Württemberger im Weltkriege, Second Expanded Edition (Stuttgart: Chr. Belser AG, 1928) p. 109

Literature[edit]

  • Holger Afflerbach: Kaiser Wilhelm II. als oberster Kriegsherr im Ersten Weltkrieg. Quellen aus der militärischen Umgebung des Kaisers 1914–1918 Deutsche Geschichtsquellen des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts, Band 64. (München: Oldenbourg, 2005) ISBN 3-486-57581-3
  • Ian F. W. Beckett: Ypres. The First Battle, 1914. (Harlow: Pearson/Education, 2004) ISBN 0-582-50612-3
  • Robert T. Foley: German Strategy and the Path to Verdun. Erich Falkenhayn and the development of Attrition 1870–1916 (Cambridge University Press, 2005) ISBN 0-521-84193-3

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Leopold Hentschel von Gilgenheimb
Commander, XV Corps
31 January 1910 - 1 March 1913
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Berthold von Deimling
Preceded by
General der Kavallerie Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg
Commander, XIII (Royal Württemberg) Corps
1 March 1913-9 March 1915
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Theodor von Watter
Preceded by
New Formation
Commander, 11th Army
9 March 1915-27 March 1915
Succeeded by
Generalfeldmarschall August von Mackensen
Preceded by
Generaloberst Alexander von Kluck
Commander, 1st Army
28 March 1915–17 September 1915
Succeeded by
Dissolved
Preceded by
General der Artillerie Max von Gallwitz
Commander, 12th Army
22 September 1915–4 October 1916
Succeeded by
Dissolved
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Otto von Below
Commander, 8th Army
5 October 1916–22 October 1916
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Bruno von Mudra