Maxime Du Camp
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (August 2010)|
Maxime Du Camp (8 February 1822 – 9 February 1894) was a French writer and photographer.
Born in Paris, Du Camp was the son of a successful surgeon. After finishing college, he indulged in his strong desire for travel, thanks to his father's assets. Du Camp traveled in Europe and the East between 1844 and 1845, and again between 1849 and 1851 in company with Gustave Flaubert. After his return, Du Camp wrote about his traveling experiences. Flaubert also wrote about his experiences with Maxime.
In 1851, Du Camp became a founder of the Revue de Paris (suppressed in 1858), and a frequent contributor to the Revue des deux mondes. In 1853, he became an officer of the Legion of Honour. Serving as a volunteer with Garibaldi in his 1860 conquest of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Du Camp recounted his experiences in Expédition des deux Siciles (1861). In 1870 he was nominated for the senate, but his election was frustrated by the downfall of the Empire. He was elected a member of the Académie française in 1880, mainly, it is said, on account of his history of the Commune, published under the title of Les Convulsions de Paris (1878–1880).
Du Camp was an early amateur photographer who learned the craft from Gustave Le Gray shortly prior to departing on his 1849–1859 trip to Egypt. His travel books were among the first to be illustrated with photographs.
- Chants modernes (1855)
- Convictions (1858)
Works on travel:
- Souvenirs et paysages d'orient (1848)
- Egypte, Nubie, Palestine, Syrie (1852)
Works of art criticism:
- Les Salons de 1857, 1859, 1861
- L'Homme au bracelet d'or (1862)
- Une histoire d'amour (1889)
- Théophile Gautier (1890)
Du Camp authored a valuable book on the daily life of Paris, Paris, ses organes, ses fonctions, sa vie dans la seconde moitié du XIX siècle (1869–1875). He published several works on social questions, one of which, the Auteurs de mon temps, was to be kept sealed in the Bibliothèque Nationale until 1910. His Souvenirs littéraires (2 vols., 1882–1883) contain much information about contemporary writers, especially Gustave Flaubert, of whom Du Camp was an early and intimate friend.
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
Maxime Du Camp
|French literary history|
- Francine Du Plessix Gray (1995). Rage and Fire: A Life of Louise Colet—Pioneer, Feminist, Literary Star, Flaubert's Muse. Simon and Schuster. p. 192. ISBN 0-684-80453-0. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
- Gustave Flaubert, Francis Steegmüller (1980). The Letters of Gustave Flaubert: 1830–1857. Harvard University Press. p. 112. ISBN 0-674-52636-8. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
- Deborah Hayden (2003). Pox: genius, madness, and the mysteries of syphilis. Basic Books. p. 138. ISBN 0-465-02881-0. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
- "Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History". Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Du Camp, Maxime". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.