In Judgment at Nuremberg (1961)
8 December 1930 |
|Occupation||Actor, screenwriter, director, producer, production manager|
|Spouse(s)||Natalya Andreychenko (1985–present)|
Maximilian Schell (born 8 December 1930) is an Austrian-born Swiss actor who won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in Judgment at Nuremberg in 1961. He is also a writer, director and producer of several films.
Early life 
Schell was born in Vienna, Austria, the son of Margarethe (née Noe von Nordberg), an actress who ran an acting school, and Hermann Ferdinand Schell, a Swiss poet, novelist, playwright, and owner of a pharmacy. His parents were Roman Catholics. Schell's late elder sister, Maria Schell, was also an actress; as are their two other siblings, Carl and Immy (Immaculata) Schell. The Schell family moved to Zurich, Switzerland in 1938, where young Maximilian went on to serve in the Swiss Army, achieving the rank of corporal. He began acting at the Basel Theatre.
Schell made his Hollywood debut in 1958 in the World War II film The Young Lions. In 1959, he appeared as Hans Rolfe, the defense attorney, in a live Playhouse 90 television production of Judgment at Nuremberg. In 1961, he reprised the role on film, winning the Academy Award for Best Actor as the first German speaking actor after World War II. 1974's The Pedestrian, which Schell wrote, produced, directed, and starred in, was nominated for Best Foreign Language Film.
Schell refused to be typecast. Although he was top billed in a number of Nazi-era themed films as The Man in the Glass Booth; Counterpoint (1968); A Bridge Too Far; Cross of Iron; The Odessa File; Julia; and Judgment at Nuremberg, he also played more diverse characters in Krakatoa, East of Java; The Black Hole; The Freshman; John Carpenter's Vampires; Topkapi; Stalin; Candles in the Dark; Erste Liebe; Deep Impact; and the television miniseries, Peter the Great (1986), which co-starred Vanessa Redgrave and Laurence Olivier.
Since the 1990s, Schell has appeared in many German language made-for-TV films, such as the 2003 film Alles Glück dieser Erde (All the Luck in the World) opposite Uschi Glas and in the television miniseries The Return of the Dancing Master (2004), which was based on Henning Mankell's novel.
In addition to his international film career, Schell has been active as director, writer and actor in European theatre, making his stage debut in 1952, three years before his first cinematic role. In 1972 he starred as 'Deeley' in Peter Hall's German language premiére of Harold Pinter's Old Times at the Burgtheater in Vienna.
In 1977 he directed Tales from the Vienna Woods at the National Theatre in London. In 2006 he appeared in Arthur Miller's Resurrection Blues directed by Robert Altman in London at the Old Vic. Schell has also served as a writer, producer and director for a variety of films, including the documentary film Marlene (1984) with the participation of Marlene Dietrich that won several awards. In 2002, he released My Sister Maria, a documentary about his late sister Maria Schell.
Other awards and nominations 
- 1965: Ondas Award (Best Actor)
- 1979: Golden Hugo Award for Tales from the Vienna Woods
- 1980: German Film Award in Silver (program-filling feature film) for Tales from the Vienna Woods
- 1984: German Film Award, Film Award for the role Morning in Alabama
- 1985: Golden Globe nomination (documentary) for Marlene
- 1985: Merit Cross 1st Class of the Federal Republic of Germany (Verdienstkreuz 1. Klasse)
- 1985: Nominated for Academy Award for Documentary Feature for Marlene
- 1990: Honorary Award of the German Film Award
- 1992: Emmy Award nomination (Best Actor) in the TV film Miss Rose White
- 1999: Method Fest for Lifetime Achievement
- 1999: Platinum Romy for Lifetime Achievement
- 2000: Satellite Award, Mary Pickford Award for Lifetime Achievement
- 2002: Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, 1st class
- 2002: Bambi Award
- 2006: Honorary Award of the Bavarian Film Awards for artistic mastery and humanism
- 2008: Diva Award for Lifetime Achievement
- 2009: Premio Roma
- 2009: Bambi Award for Lifetime Achievement
- 2011: Honorary Award of the Bernhard Wicki Film Award - The Bridge[disambiguation needed]
- Johnstone, Iain (1977). The Arnhem Report: The story behind A Bridge Too Far. p. 29. ISBN 0-352-39775-6. "I'm Swiss, but I was born in Austria"
- Maximillian Schell Film Reference biography
- Maximillian Schell bio at Yahoo! Movies
- "The 46th Academy Awards (1974) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-12-03.
- Resurrection Blues review
- "The 43rd Academy Awards (1971) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-11-26.
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 1495. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
See also 
- Maximilian Schell at the Internet Movie Database
- Maximilian Schell at the Internet Broadway Database