Maximilian of Hesse-Kassel

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Maximilian of Hesse-Kassel (28 May 1689, Marburg – 8 May 1753, Kassel) was a prince of Hesse-Kassel and a Generalfeldzeugmeister, Generalfeldmarschall and finally Reichsgeneralfeldmarschall in the army of the Holy Roman Empire.


Maximilian was the ninth son of Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (1654–1730) and his wife Marie Amalia (1653–1711), daughter of Jacob Kettler, duke of Kurland.

In 1720 he married Friederike Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt (1698–1777), a daughter of Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. The marriage was meant to symbolise the new harmony between Hesse-Kassel and Hesse-Darmstadt, but was complicated by the two families' annoyance over his lavish lifestyle. In 1723 his father gave Maximilian the domain of Jesberg, which included the Richerode estate. In Jesberg, Maximilian built the baroque Schloss Jesberg and in nearby woodland built the 'Prinzessingarten' for his daughters. He was a passionate musician, maintaining a separate court-orchestra of his own, but this plunged him into debt.

Marriage and issue[edit]

He had eight children:

  1. Karl (30 September 1721 in Kassel - 23 November 1722 in Kassel)
  2. Ulrike Friederike Wilhelmine (31 October 1722 in Kassel - 28 February 1787 in Eutin) ∞ 1752 Frederick August I, Duke of Oldenburg
  3. Christine Charlotte (11 February 1725 in Kassel - 4 June 1782 in Kassel), from 17 April 1765 canoness of Herford Abbey, from 12 July 1766 coadjutor abbess of Herford
  4. Maria (25 February 1726 in Kassel - 14 March 1727 in Kassel)
  5. Wilhelmina (1726–1808) ∞ 1752 Prince Henry of Prussia, younger brother of Frederick the Great
  6. A still-born child (born and died October 1729 in Kassel)
  7. Elisabetha Sophia Louisa (10 November 1730 in Kassel - 4 February 1731 in Kassel)
  8. Caroline Wilhelmina Sophia (10 May 1732 in Kassel - 22 May 1759 in Zerbst) ∞ 1753 Frederick Augustus, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst, younger brother of Catherine the Great