Maxwell Tylden Masters FRS (15 April 1833 – 30 May 1907) was an English botanist and taxonomist. [1 ] [2 ]
He was educated at
King's College London and the University of St Andrews. He attended the lectures of Edward Forbes and John Lindley.
His most famous works are perhaps
Vegetable Teratology, which dealt with teratology (abnormal mutations) of vegetable species, and several works on Chinese plants (particularly conifers), describing many of the new species discovered by Ernest Henry Wilson.
larch and the Larix mastersiana Nepenthes hybrid are named after him, among other plant species. N. × mastersiana
He was the editor of the
between 1866–1907, which led to him corresponding with Gardeners' Chronicle Charles Darwin. [4 ]
He was elected a fellow of the
Royal Society in 1870. He was made a correspondent of the Institute of France in 1888. He was also a chevalier of the order of Leopold.
He died at the Mount,
Ealing, on 30 May 1907. His body was cremated at Woking.
In 1858 he married Ellen, daughter of William Tress, by whom he had four children. His wife and two daughters survived him.
^ ". MASTERS, Maxwell T." Who's Who, 59: p. 1192. 1907.
^ "Obituary: Dr. Maxwell T. Masters, F.R.S.". Nature 76 (157). 13 June 1907. doi: 10.1038/076157a0.
^ Darwin, F. ed. 1887. The life and letters of Charles Darwin, including an autobiographical chapter, London: John Murray. page 385
^ "Author Query for 'Mast.. '" International Plant Names Index.
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