Maxwell Tylden Masters (15 April 1833 - 30 May 1907) was an English botanist and taxonomist. He was educated at King's College London and the University of St Andrews. His most famous works are perhaps Vegetable Teratology, which dealt with teratology (abnormal mutations) of vegetable species, and several works on Chinese plants (particularly conifers), describing many of the new species discovered by Ernest Henry Wilson.
The larch Larix mastersiana and the Nepenthes hybrid N. × mastersiana are named after him, among other plant species.
He was the editor of the Gardeners' Chronicle between 1866–1907, which led to him corresponding with Charles Darwin.
- ^ "MASTERS, Maxwell T.". Who's Who, 59: p. 1192. 1907.
- ^ "Obituary: Dr. Maxwell T. Masters, F.R.S.". Nature 76 (157). 13 June 1907. doi:10.1038/076157a0.
- ^ Darwin, F. ed. 1887. The life and letters of Charles Darwin, including an autobiographical chapter, London: John Murray. page 385
- ^ "Author Query for 'Mast.'". International Plant Names Index.