Max Woosnam

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Max Woosnam
MWoosnam1.jpg
Full name Maxwell Woosnam
Country  United Kingdom
Born (1892-09-06)6 September 1892
Liverpool, England
Died 14 July 1965(1965-07-14) (aged 72)
London, England
Singles
Grand Slam Singles results
Wimbledon QF (1923)
Other tournaments
Olympic Games 2R (1920)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Wimbledon W (1921)[1]
Other Doubles tournaments
Olympic Games Gold medal.svg Gold Medal (1920)
Mixed Doubles
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Wimbledon F (1921)[1]
Other Mixed Doubles tournaments
Olympic Games Silver medal.svg Silver Medal (1920)
Max Woosnam
Personal information
Playing position Centre half
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1914–1919 Corinthian ? (–)
1914[2] Chelsea 3 (0)
1919–1925 Manchester City 96 (5)
1924-1926 Northwich Victoria ? (0)
National team
1922 England 1 (0)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
Olympic medal record
Men's Tennis
Gold 1920 Antwerp Doubles
Silver 1920 Antwerp Mixed doubles

Maxwell "Max" Woosnam (6 September 1892 – 14 July 1965) was an English sportsman who is sometimes referred to as the 'Greatest British sportsman' in recognition of his achievements.[3][4]

Amongst his achievements were winning an Olympic gold and silver in tennis at the 1920 Summer Olympics, winning the doubles at Wimbledon, compiling a 147 break in Snooker, making a century at Lord's Cricket Ground, captaining the British Davis Cup team, captaining Manchester City F.C. finishing ultimately runners-up for the Football League Championship in 1920–21 and captaining the England national football team.

Background[edit]

Max Woosnam was born into to a wealthy family in Liverpool. The son of Maxwell Woosnam, a clergyman who served as canon of Chester and Archdeacon of Macclesfield,[5][6] Woosnam spent most of his childhood in Aberhafesp, Mid Wales. He attended Winchester College, where he captained the golf and cricket teams,[7] and also represented the school at football and squash. As a schoolboy, he made scores of 144 and 33 not out for a Public Schools XI while playing against the MCC at Lord's.[7]

In 1911, Woosnam enrolled in Cambridge University. Whilst here, he represented the university at football, cricket, lawn tennis, real tennis and golf (being a scratch golfer), becoming a quadruple Blue.[8]

After Cambridge, Woosnam played amateur football for the then highly successful teams Corinthians and Chelsea.[citation needed]

In the First World War, he fought alongside Siegfried Sassoon on the western front and in the Gallipoli Campaign. Woosnam took part in a number of wartime sporting events, including football matches between a team of enlisted Corinthians players and Aldershot Command,[9][10] and a Military vs Queen's Club tennis match.[11]

Post-war[edit]

After the war, Woosnam continued his amateur sporting career, taking part in several sporting events. Woosnam was a finalist in the 1919 All England Plate tournament, a tennis competition held at the Wimbledon Championships which consisted of players who were defeated in the first or second rounds of the singles competition.[12] Following a defeat of Woosnam while representing Cambridge University in a tennis match against Queen's Club in April 1919, the Times remarked that "Woosnam is a player of many games, and he could excel at tennis if he could devote enough time to the game... ...tennis is a mistress who must be constantly wooed."[13] However, Woosnam continued to divide his attention; he played football for Chelsea either side of the Queen's Club match, captaining the team.[14][15] His performance for Chelsea led to selection for a North versus South international trial match.[16] Once the football season finished, Woosnam took part in several tennis tournaments. He won both the singles and doubles titles in the Cambridge University tournament,[17] and entered Wimbledon for the first time. His tennis form in 1919 led The Times correspondent to describe his partnership with Noel Turnbull as a "doubles team of promise".[8] Woosnam declined the opportunity to become a professional sportsman, finding the idea 'vulgar'.

Manchester City[edit]

Upon moving to Manchester, he signed for Manchester City on amateur terms. He made his debut on 1 January 1920 against Bradford City, a match which also saw the debut of Sam Cookson.[18] Initially he played only home matches due to other commitments. However, when Manchester City, without Woosnam, suffered a shock 3–0 FA Cup defeat to Leicester City at the end of the month, some supporters blamed Woosnam's employers, Crossley Brothers. As a result, the engineering firm ordered Woosnam not to miss another game.[5]

Playing at centre half, Woosnam eventually became Manchester City captain at the recommendation of his team-mates. This was highly unusual for an amateur among professionals. Eventually his success allowed him to play for England (both for the amateur team and as a full international as captain). Woosnam was also selected to captain the British football team at the Olympics, but refused, having already committed himself to the tennis team. He continued other sporting endeavours outside of football however, winning doubles titles at Wimbledon and the Olympics, and captaining the Great Britain Davis Cup team.

Northwich Victoria[edit]

Woosnam had been working for chemical company ICI in Winnington, Northwich, and, whilst still being on Manchester City's books, he played for Winnington Park and then for Northwich Victoria in the Cheshire County League. He made his debut for Northwich on Christmas Day, 1924, in a derby match against Witton Albion, resulting in a 3-0 victory for Northwich. He sometimes captained the side, before ending his football career in February 1926 due to injuries and other commitments.[19][20]

Death and legacy[edit]

He was appointed to the board of ICI, and died in 1965 of respiratory failure, having been a heavy smoker all his life.[21]

His life is chronicled in the book All Round Genius – The Unknown Story of Britain's Greatest Sportsman, by Mick Collins.[21]

Woosnam's uncle, Hylton Philipson, was a cricketer and played five Test matches for England.

He once defeated actor and film director Charlie Chaplin at table tennis, playing with a butter knife instead of a bat.[21]

Besides being a pioneer for table tennis, he was very experienced at snooker, once achieving a maximum break of 147.[citation needed]

Jane Percy, Duchess of Northumberland, is Woosnam's sororal grandniece.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wimbledon Results Archive
  2. ^ http://theblues.chelseafc.com/cgi-bin/playersearch.pl
  3. ^ "All Round Genius: The Unknown Story Of Britain's Greatest Sportsman". Metro Newspaper. Retrieved 19 June 2011. 
  4. ^ "Max Woosnam: The King of Sport". Daily Mirror. 31 July 2006. Retrieved 19 June 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Ward, Andrew (1984). The Manchester City Story. Derby: Breedon. p. 25. ISBN 0-907969-05-4. 
  6. ^ "WOOSNAM, Ven. Charles Maxwell". Who Was Who. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 8 May 2009. 
  7. ^ a b "Max Woosnam". Cricinfo. Retrieved 8 May 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "Lawn Tennis – The Players of 1919". The Times. 8 January 1920. p. 4. 
  9. ^ "Football in the Services". The Times. 23 February 1915. p. 5. 
  10. ^ "Military Football. Teams for the Match at Queen's Club". The Times. 10 February 1915. p. 5. 
  11. ^ "Lawn Tennis at Queen's Club". The Times. 23 February 1915. p. 5. 
  12. ^ Alan Little, ed. (2011). 2011 Wimbledon Compendium. London: The All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. pp. 493–497. ISBN 9781899039364. 
  13. ^ "Tennis at Queen's Club". The Times. 4 April 1919. p. 5. 
  14. ^ "Association Football". The Times. 24 March 1919. p. 6. 
  15. ^ "Association Football". The Times. 14 April 1919. p. 6. 
  16. ^ "Sport in Brief". The Times. 14 April 1919. p. 6. 
  17. ^ "Lawn Tennis". The Times. 3 June 1919. p. 5. 
  18. ^ James, Gary (2006). Manchester City – The Complete Record. Derby: Breedon. p. 317. ISBN 1-85983-512-0. 
  19. ^ Penney, Ian (1995). The Maine Road Encyclopedia. Edinburgh: Mainstream. p. 214. ISBN 1-85158-710-1. 
  20. ^ Edwards, Ken (1992). A Team for All Seasons. Chester: Cheshire County Publishing. pp. 144–148. ISBN 0-949001-08-2. 
  21. ^ a b c Collins, Mick (2006). All Round Genius: The Unknown Story of Britain's Greatest Sportsman (Max Woosnam). Aurum Press. ISBN 1-84513-137-1. 
  22. ^ "Tennis, golf, cricket, snooker, football – is there anything this man couldn’t do?". Northumberland Gazette. 3 December 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2012.