May Company California

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This article is about the Los Angeles based department store chain that was eventually merged to form Robinson-Mays. For the St. Louis based holding company, see The May Department Stores Company.
May Company California
Type Department store
Industry Retail
Fate Merged with J.W. Robinson's
Successors Robinson's-May (1993)
Macy's (2006)
Founded 1881 Los Angeles, California
Headquarters Los Angeles, California
Products Clothing, footwear, bedding, furniture, jewelry, beauty products, and housewares.
Christmas advertisement for Hamburger's Department Store, Los Angeles, 1905
The May Company terrazzo at the entrance of the company's flagship department store in downtown Los Angeles

May Company California was a chain of department stores operating in Southern California and Nevada, with headquarters in North Hollywood, California. It was a subsidiary of May Department Stores and merged with May's other Southern California subsidiary, J. W. Robinson's in 1993 to form Robinsons-May.

May Company California was established in 1923 when May acquired A. Hamburger & Sons Co.[1] (founded in 1881 by Asher Hamburger). The company operated exclusively in Southern California until 1989 when May Department Stores had dissolved Goldwater's, based in Scottsdale, Arizona and transferred its Las Vegas, Nevada store to May Company California.

The May Company store which was in Whittier, CA at The Quad at Whittier opened in 1965 and closed on March 31, 1987, a mere 6 months prior to the Whittier Narrows Earthquake which took place on October 1, 1987 at 07:42. The store's three-level parking structure fell almost flat to the ground as a result of this quake, and the store itself suffered internal damage but remained intact until its controlled-implosion (via dynamite) a few years later.

Two well-known stores were the flagship Downtown store located on 8th Street between Broadway and Hill streets, and the May Company Wilshire at Wilshire Boulevard and Fairfax Avenue. The 1926 garage building at 9th and Hill Streets was one of the Nation's first parking structures (Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument No. 1001). The Wilshire location has been featured in several vintage films including Behave Yourself!

History[edit]

May Company California can trace its roots back to the store that Asher Hamburger and his sons Moses, David, and Solomon had established in Los Angeles after their recent move from Sacramento. This store first opened on October 29th, 1881 in a 20 x 75 foot room on Main Street near Requena Street and was original known as The People's Store.[2][3] In a short amount of time, the store expanded into adjacent store fronts. Within three years, the store had moved to a larger location on Spring Street.[4]

By the start of the twentieth century, A. Hamburger & Sons had even outgrown their Spring Street location, which had 520 employees working on five floors.[5] The Hamburger family decided to build a much larger store at the southeast corner of Broadway and Eighth, a location that was outside of then current retail district. Construction started in 1905 with a grand opening held in 1908.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18] This location, which was also known as The Great White Store, was the largest department store building west of Chicago at that time and would eventually became the flagship location for the May Company California. At the time that the Great White Store was opened, the store could boast of having one of the first escalators on the West Coast, several restaurants, a drug store, grocery store, bakery, fruit store, meat market, U.S. post office, telegraph office, barber shop, a dentist, a chiropractor, a medical doctor, an auditorium, an electricity and steam power plant in the basement that was large enough to support a city of 50,000 inhabitants, a private volunteer 120 men fire brigade,[19][20] 13 acres of retail space, and 1200 employees.[9][21][22][23][24][25] The Los Angeles Public Library was also located on the third floor from 1908 until it was forced to move to a larger location when it outgrew the Hamburger space by 1913.[26][27][28] For a short time, Woodbury Business College briefly was also located on the fifth floor.[29]

In 1925, the Hamburgers sold their store to the May family of St. Louis for $8,500,000.[30][31] Thomas and Wilbur Mays, sons of the founder of the May Company, were sent to manage the former Hamburger store. One of the first things that they did was to expand the store again by building adjacent additions on the other parts of the city block.[32][33] After several more years, the May Company store eventually occupied almost the entire block between Broadway and Hill and between Eighth and Ninth Streets. The old Hamburger store was officially rename The May Company in 1927.[34][35]

To keep pace with the extreme growth in population within Southern California during the Great Depression, May Company opened their first branch store in 1939 on Wilshire at Fairfax at a cost of $2 million.[36][37][38]

After the end of the Second World War, a second branch store was completed in 1947 on Crenshaw.[39][40] A proposed store in Hollywood that was planned at the same time was never built.[41][39][42]

A third branch store opened in Lakewood[43][44][45] in 1952, followed by stores in North Hollywood[46] in 1955, West Covina[47][48] in 1957, and South Bay[49][50] in 1959.

The end of the 1950s saw May Company's expansion into the San Diego market with the opening of their 8th store at Mission Valley[51][52] in 1960. Other stores that followed during the 1960s included Buena Park[53][54] in 1962, Canoga Park[55][56] in 1964, West Los Angeles[57][58] in 1964, Whittier[59][60][61][62] in 1964, Costa Mesa[63][64] in 1966, Arcadia[65][66] in 1966, San Bernardino[67][68] in 1966, Montclair[69][70] in 1968, and Carlsbad[71][72] in 1969.

During the 1970s, stores were opened in Oxnard[73][74] in 1970, El Cajon[75] in 1972, Riverside[76][77] in 1973, Eagle Rock[78][79][80][81] in 1973, Orange, Westminster[82] in 1974, Culver City[83][84] in 1975, Brea, Thousand Oaks[85][86] in 1978, Mission Viejo[87][88][89] in 1979 and La Jolla[90] in 1979.

During the next decade, stores were opened in Sherman Oaks[91] in 1980, Pasadena[92] in 1980, National City in 1981, Palm Desert in 1983, Montebello[93] in 1985, and Escondido[94][95][96] in 1986.

After a long period of declining sales, the original Downtown flagship store at 8th and Broadway was closed and replaced by a smaller store at Seventh Market Place[97][98] in 1986. The parent company had previously relocated the main corporate offices for the May Company California division from the former Hamburger Building to the North Hollywood store at Laurel Plaza in 1983.[99]

A new store was open in Bakersfield in 1988 while a store in Las Vegas was acquired from sister company Goldwater's in 1989 when parent company May Department Stores decided to cut costs by consolidating divisions.[100] The Las Vegas store is the only location in which a pre-existing store was acquired from another organization instead of being built from scratch.

In the early 1990s, new stores were opened in Santa Ana [101][102][103] in 1990, Valencia[104][105] in 1992, and finally Moreno Valley.

At the same time, under performing stores were closed in Arcadia[106] in 1988, and Orange[107] in 1991.

On October 17, 1992, May Company California's parent, May Department Stores, announced the merger of May Company California with its sister company J.W. Robinson's to form Robinson-May thus ending the May Company California existence.[108][109][110] It was also announced that the Wilshire store along with the stores in West Covina, Buena Park, Santa Ana, and San Bernardino were scheduled to close by the end of January 1993.

During the early part of this division existence, May Company was also the developer of some other early shopping centers and malls which grew around the initially stand-alone stores with the Crenshaw location being the first example.

The first May Company store, the original Hamburger's, at Broadway and Eighth in downtown Los Angeles was closed when it was replaced by the just opened 7th Market Place store in 1986.[97] This building is designated as Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument No. 459. Since its sale, the building is primary used by small clothing manufacturing companies.[111] In 2013, the then current owners were trying to sell the building since the surrounding area is being actively redeveloped.[112] It was announced in April 2014 that Waterbridge Capital agreed to purchase the property, but had not given out too many details on how they might go about to develop it.[113][114]

During the 1980s, the parent corporation tried to replace the iconic Wilshire store for several years by getting involved with mall development at Farmers Market.[115] However the development that eventually became The Grove at Farmers Market was delayed for nearly 2 decades. The St. Louis based parent company eventually withdrew from the project and the Wilshire store was never replaced when May Company California was later merged with Robinson in 1993. After closing, the Streamline Moderne style building was sold to Los Angeles County Museum of Art in 1994[116] and is currently slated to house The Academy Museum of Motion Pictures.[citation needed]

Reference in popular culture[edit]

On the Jack Benny radio and television programs, Jack was said to have met his girlfriend Mary Livingstone (played by Jack's wife Mary) at the May Company when she worked there.[117] This is one of the few instances in radio or television history where a real business was made part of the story. (Jack and Mary Benny met through friends and not at a department store.[118])

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pitt, Dale (2000). Los Angeles A to Z: An Encyclopedia of the City and County. University of California Press. p. 318. ISBN 978-0-520-20530-7. Retrieved 2009-02-04. 
  2. ^ "The People's Store: A Glance Through This Large Establishment". Los Angeles Times, August 22, 1888, Page 5. Link via ProQuest.
  3. ^ "New To-Day". Los Angeles Herald, October 25, 1881, Volume 16, Number 57, Page 3.
  4. ^ "New To-Day". Los Angeles Herald, June 3, 1884, Volume 21, Number 92, Page 1.
  5. ^ "How a Big Department Store Keeps Track of Things; Mose Hamburger Gives the Public an Idea of How His Mammoth Establishment Is Conducted". Los Angeles Herald, July 29, 1900, Volume 27, Number 301, Page 24. Alt Link at Library of Congress.
  6. ^ "Greatest Building Undertaking Here: Hamburgers Will Rear Three Fine Blocks on Broadway, Eighth, Ninth and Hill Streets, Costing, With Ground, Perhaps Three Millions". Los Angeles Times, July 29, 1905, Page II6. Link via ProQuest.
  7. ^ "Hamburger's Celebration: Silver Shovel Turns Earth for Great Enterprise; Army of Joyous Employees in Big Street Parade; Start Made on Seven-story Department Store". Los Angeles Times, October 18, 1905, Page II10. Link via ProQuest.
  8. ^ "White And Many-Pillared Mansion Of Commerce, Largest Building On Pacific Coast, Adds New Show Place To City: Palace of Trade Nears Completion". Los Angeles Times, May 31, 1908, Page III1. Link via ProQuest.
  9. ^ a b "Great Store's First Drill: Hamburger Army Through Paces for Opening; Get Familiar With "Lay" of New Establishment; Many Delights for Shoppers Are in Prospect". Los Angeles Times, July 26, 1908, Page V13. Link via ProQuest.
  10. ^ ""Acre" Store In Readiness: Hamburger's Open Tomorrow At New Location; Great Crowd Is Expected at the Start of Broadway Store, but Spacious Aisles Will Swallow Thousands Without Discomfort--Many Novelties Will Attract Attention". Los Angeles Times, August 9, 1908, Page V17. Link via ProQuest.
  11. ^ "Big Expansion For Hamburgers; New Department Store With Great Floor Space". Los Angeles Herald, July 30, 1905, Volume 32, Number 302, Part III, Page 1.
  12. ^ "Money Making Combination; Hamburger & Sons Began In November, 1881; Rapid Growth Of Business". Los Angeles Herald, July 30, 1905, Volume 32, Number 302, Part III, Page 1.
  13. ^ "Thousands See Imposing Parade; First Work Done On Great Hamburger Store; Biggest Retail Institution West of Chicago Is Begun With Celebration in Which Entire Force of Employes Takes Part". Los Angeles Herald, October 18, 1905, Volume 33, Number 17, Part II, Page 2.
  14. ^ "New Hamburger Store; Owners Will Make Huge Department Emporium One of the Big Show Places of California". Los Angeles Herald, January 7, 1906, Volume 33, Number 98, Page 7.
  15. ^ "Contract Let for Hamburgers Big Department Store; Pledges Of The Well Known Company Are Made Good". Los Angeles Herald, April 15, 1906, Volume 33, Number 197, Page 4.
  16. ^ "New Hamburger Building, Eighth And Broadway". Los Angeles Herald, April 19, 1908, Volume 35, Number 200, Page 1.
  17. ^ "Hamburger's In Great Building; Massive New Structure To Be Opened Tomorrow; Los Angeles' Latest Department Store A Marvel; History of Conception and Completion of Magnificent Mercantile Establishment—Architectural Triumph—Cover 15 Acres". Los Angeles Herald, August 9, 1908, Volume 35, Number 312, Page 6.
  18. ^ "Hamburger Monster Store Thrown Open; Immense Stock And Staff Fully Installed; Building Replete with Latest Contrivances for Accommodation of Customers and Display of Different Lines of Goods". Los Angeles Herald, August 10, 1908, Volume 35, Number 313, Page 12.
  19. ^ "Fire Fighters At Hamburger's: Private Department Organized In Big Store. Manager John Budge Installs Five Companies in Building for Additional Protection for Stock and Patrons of Store--Al Keable Chosen Chief of the New Fire Department". Los Angeles Times, January 7, 1906, Page II3. Link via ProQuest.
  20. ^ "Hamburger's Firemen Score: Chief Lips Reviews Drill at Big Department Store and Furnishes Special Feature". Los Angeles Times, March 20, 1908, Page II3. Link via ProQuest.
  21. ^ "Hamburger's Big Store Celebrates: Thirty-Fifth Anniversary Sale To Mark Event; Started in Small Room on Main Street, Now Occupies Building with Thirteen Acres of Floor Space---History of the Great Emporium's Growth and Success".Los Angeles Times, October 29, 1916, Page III_A15. Link via ProQuest.
  22. ^ "Story Of The "Big White Store". Los Angeles Times, April 1, 1923, Page I2. Link via ProQuest.
  23. ^ "The May Co. Begins 50th "Golden Jubilee" Celebration Tomorrow: Ceremony Commemorates Founding of "The People's Store" in 1881 Golden Circulars Delivered to Homes Saturday Give Full Details of Values Believed to be Greatest in Store's History". Los Angeles Times, July 24, 1931, Page 8. Link via ProQuest.
  24. ^ "May Company's Fete Plans Set: Golden Jubilee Celebration Will Open Tomorrow D. A. Hamburger, Founder, Scheduled to Speak; Horse Car of Early Days to Traverse Old Route". Los Angeles Times, July 24, 1931, Page A5. Link via ProQuest.
  25. ^ "Sale Marks Founding Of Store Here: May Company Celebration Opening Tomorrow Will Be Featured by Contests". Los Angeles Times, July 26, 1935, Page 12. Link via ProQuest.
  26. ^ "Public Library Sill Move To Great Hamburger Building.: Expanding City Institution Will Have the Most of the Third Floor and a Roof Garden". Los Angeles Times, February 9, 1908, Page V1. Link via ProQuest.
  27. ^ "Our Public Library". Los Angeles Times, February 9, 1913, Page II6. Link via ProQuest.
  28. ^ "Library Gets New Quarters: Site 'Selected' Is in Heart of the city; To Occupy Three Floors of Big Building; Express Elevator Service a Feature". Los Angeles Times, April 10, 1913, Page II9. Link via ProQuest.
  29. ^ "Students To Be Housed In New Hamburger Store". Los Angeles Herald, August 30, 1908, Volume 35, Number 333, Page 6.
  30. ^ "Hamburger Store Sold: Millions Paid In Store Deal; Hamburger's Department Store Is Sold to Eastern Merchants". Los Angeles Times, April 1, 1923, Page I1. Link via ProQuest.
  31. ^ "May Department Stores: Purchase of Hamburger & Sons Includes Long-Time Lease --Profits of Store $1,000,000 a Year". Wall Street Journal, February 26, 1923, Page 16. Link via ProQuest.
  32. ^ "Hamburgers To Erect Addition: New Store Project to Cost $2,500,000 Structure to Join Present Property on South; Latest Features Provided in Architect's Plans". Los Angeles Times, July 27, 1923, Page II20. Link via ProQuest.
  33. ^ "Buildings Announced: Hamburger's Department Store to Construct Addition; Many Other New Projects Planned; Los Angeles Sets Unprecedented Pace for Downtown Activity in Summer Months". Los Angeles Times, July 29, 1923, Page V1. Link via ProQuest.
  34. ^ Display Ad. Los Angeles Times, March 1, 1925, Page B9. Link via ProQuest.
  35. ^ "May Company Holds Opening: Superb Floral Tributes Crowd Aisles Wishbone is Attraction at Main Entrance Owner Says House Builds to Fit Los Angeles". Los Angeles Times, March 3, 1925, Page A2. Link via ProQuest.
  36. ^ "May Co. To Establish New Store On Wilshire Blvd.". Los Angeles Times, October 20, 1938, Page A1. Link via ProQuest.
  37. ^ "May Co. to Open New Store on Wilshire Next Thursday: Modernistic Building Features Innovations for Comfort and Special Customer Service". Los Angeles Times, September 3, 1939, Page A2. Link via ProQuest.
  38. ^ "New May Co. Store Opens: Throngs at Wilshire Establishment Until Evening Closing Hour". Los Angeles Times, September 8, 1939, Page 13. Link via ProQuest.
  39. ^ a b "May Co. to Build Two New Stores in $10,000,000 Expansion Program: Sites Obtained in Hollywood and on Crenshaw Blvd." Los Angeles Times, June 7, 1945, Page 6.Link via ProQuest.
  40. ^ "New May Co. Crenshaw Store Will Open Today". Los Angeles Times, October 10, 1947, Page A1. Link via ProQuest.
  41. ^ "May Company To Build Soon: New Height-Limit Store in Hollywood Reported Official Admits Expansion Under Consideration Local Contracts and Jobs for 1500 in Deal". Los Angeles Times, February 22, 1931, Page A1. Link via ProQuest.
  42. ^ "May Co. Expansion Plan Hailed By Hollywood". Los Angeles Times, June 8, 1945, Page A2. Link via ProQuest.
  43. ^ "May Co. Signs Contract to Build Lakewood Store: Architects Start Job on New Branch Expected to Be Ready Early in 1952". Los Angeles Times, June 29, 1950, Page A1. Link via ProQuest.
  44. ^ "May Starts Store At Lakewood Park: Ground Breaking Heralded as Beginning of World's Largest Suburban Center". Los Angeles Times, October 15, 1950, Page 40. Link via ProQuest.
  45. ^ "May Co.'s Lakewood Store Set To Open: Major Unit of World's Largest Shopping Center Will Begin Operations Tomorrow". Los Angeles Times, February 17, 1952, Page B1. Link via ProQuest,
  46. ^ "New May Co. N. Hollywood Store Opens: Civic Leaders and Officials Join in Ribbon Ceremonies". Los Angeles Times, September 13, 1955, Page A1. Link via ProQuest.
  47. ^ "Plans for West Covina Shopping Center Told: New May Co. Store, Other Enterprises Will Occupy 700,000 Square Feet". Los Angeles Times, August 29, 1954, Page 26. Link via ProQuest.
  48. ^ "West Covina To Welcome May Co.: Will Be Official Resident of San Gabriel Valley Upon Opening of New Store Monday". Los Angeles Times, September 12, 1957, Page B1. Link via ProQuest.
  49. ^ "South Bay May Company Construction To Begin Soon". Torrance Press, February 21, 1957, Page 15.
  50. ^ "May Co. South Bay, 7th Store in Area, Opens: Top Executives and Mayors of 5 Cities to Be Served Take Part in Ceremonies". Los Angeles Times, February 10, 1959, Page B1. Link via ProQuest.
  51. ^ "May Co. Plans Venture for San Diego Area: $15,000,000 Shopping Center Project in Mission Valley Told by David May". Los Angeles Times, October 10, 1957, Page 25. Link via ProQuest.
  52. ^ "May Co. Store in San Diego to Open Feb. 1". Los Angeles Times, May 28, 1960, Page 8. Link via ProQuest.
  53. ^ "May Co. to Build Store in Buena Park Center". Los Angeles Times, September 30, 1962, Page I2. Link via ProQuest.
  54. ^ "May Co. Store Being Built in Buena Park". Los Angeles Times, October 21, 1962, Page M14. Link via ProQuest.
  55. ^ "Giant Shopping Center Starts in Canoga Park". Los Angeles Times, February 10, 1963, Page O6. Link via ProQuest.
  56. ^ "First 2 Stores Open Doors at Topanga Plaza". Los Angeles Times, February 11, 1964, Page F8. Link via ProQuest.
  57. ^ "May Co. Constructing New Store in West L.A.". Los Angeles Times, July 25, 1963, Page 26. Link via ProQuest.
  58. ^ "May Co. Unit Opens Monday". Los Angeles Times, August 2, 1964, Page M4. Link via ProQuest.
  59. ^ "Whittier Next Location for May Co. Store". Los Angeles Times, May 26, 1965, Page B11. Link via ProQuest.
  60. ^ "Ground Broken for May Store in Whittier Quad". Los Angeles Times, July 26, 1964, Page M2. Link via ProQuest.
  61. ^ "May Co. Opens Store in Whittier Tomorrow". Los Angeles Times, August 1, 1965, Page O2. Link via ProQuest.
  62. ^ "May Co. Opens New Store in Whittier Quad". Los Angeles Times, August 3, 1965, Page A2. Link via ProQuest.
  63. ^ "Department Store Opens on Monday". Los Angeles Times, February 20, 1966, Page I8. Link via ProQuest.
  64. ^ "Costa Mesa's New May Co. Store Opens". Los Angeles Times, February 22, 1966, Page OC8. Link via ProQuest.
  65. ^ "May Co. Plans Store for Arcadia Center". Los Angeles Times, September 19, 1965, Page M21. Link via ProQuest.
  66. ^ "Colorful Rites Open New May Co. Store". Los Angeles Times, August 9, 1966, Page SG8. Link via ProQuest.
  67. ^ "May Co. Plans First San Bernardino Store". Los Angeles Times, August 22, 1965, Page I12. Link via ProQuest.
  68. ^ "May Co. Opens Its 15th Store in San Bernardino". Los Angeles Times, September 7, 1966, Page 29. Link via ProQuest.
  69. ^ "Montclair Shopping Center to Be Built". Los Angeles Times, April 10, 1966, Page M6. Link via ProQuest.
  70. ^ "$40 Million Plaza Opens in Montclair". Los Angeles Times, August 8, 1968, Page SG2. Link via ProQuest.
  71. ^ "$13 Million Carlsbad Shopping Center to Serve North San Diego County". Los Angeles Times, November 10, 1968, Page E1. Link via ProQuest.
  72. ^ "May Co. Will Open Store in Carlsbad". Los Angeles Times, February 9, 1969, Page K2. Link via ProQuest.
  73. ^ "Esplanade Nearing Completion in Oxnard". Los Angeles Times, July 13, 1969, Page D1. Link via ProQuest.
  74. ^ "May Co. to Dedicate Store in Oxnard Mall". Los Angeles Times, November 1, 1970, Page J19. Link via ProQuest.
  75. ^ "May Co. Plans to Build in Parkway Plaza". Los Angeles Times, July 19, 1970, Page J22. Link via ProQuest.
  76. ^ "20th May Co. Store to Open". Los Angeles Times, August 19, 1973, Page E7. Link via ProQuest.
  77. ^ "Riverside" (2009), By Glenn Edward Freeman, Page 78, ISBN 9780738570792.
  78. ^ "May Co., Ward's Will Develop Shop Center". Los Angeles Times, November 14, 1971, Page J2. Link via ProQuest.
  79. ^ "Opening of $26 Million Eagle Rock Plaza Scheduled: 22-Acre Regional Shopping Center Anchored by May Co., Montgomery Ward". Los Angeles Times, September 30, 1973, Page E1. Link via ProQuest.
  80. ^ "Twenty-first store: May Co. has the community in mind". Los Angeles Times, September 30, 1973, Page O11. Link via ProQuest.
  81. ^ "May Company miracle: A saga of success". Los Angeles Times, September 30, 1973, Page O13. Link via ProQuest.
  82. ^ "Multi-Level Mall Due to Open". Los Angeles Times, August 6, 1974, Page H2. Link via ProQuest.
  83. ^ "May Co. Set For Fox Hills Mall". Los Angeles Times, September 24, 1972, Page J25. Link via ProQuest.
  84. ^ "Fox Hills Mall Opens In Culver City: Center Forms Commercial Hub of 306-Acre Urban Redevelopment Project". Los Angeles Times, October 5, 1975, Page G12A. Link via ProQuest.
  85. ^ "May Co. Plans $9-Million Store in Thousand Oaks". Los Angeles Times, July 24, 1977, Page J8. Link via ProQuest.
  86. ^ "The Oaks opens in Thousand Oaks: Mall has 1 million square feet of shopping area under single roof". Los Angeles Times, May 28, 1978, Page V10. Link via ProQuest.
  87. ^ "Developer Begins Grading for Mission Viejo Mall". Los Angeles Times, April 1, 1977, Page OC9. Link via ProQuest.
  88. ^ "Rains Delay Opening of Mission Viejo Shop Mall". Los Angeles Times, March 26, 1978, Page I11. Link via ProQuest.
  89. ^ "Mission Viejo Mall Has Formal Opening". Los Angeles Times, October 14, 1979, Page K10. Link via ProQuest.
  90. ^ "La Jolla Mall Completed". Los Angeles Times, November 4, 1979, Page H27. Link via ProQuest.
  91. ^ "May Co. to Open in Sherman Oaks". Los Angeles Times, September 28, 1980, Page I24. Link via ProQuest.
  92. ^ "Pasadena's $115-Million Plaza Officially Opens". Los Angeles Times, September 28, 1980, Page I30. Link via ProQuest.
  93. ^ "$95-Million Montebello Shopping Center to Open". Los Angeles Times, September 15, 1985.
  94. ^ "Shoppers to Harvest Long-Awaited Goods at North County Mall". Los Angeles Times, February 02, 1986.
  95. ^ "North County Fair Opens: A Tale of Two Malls: The Parking Lots Tell the Story". Los Angeles Times, February 21, 1986.
  96. ^ "Broadway, May Co. Open Tomorrow North County Fair: Let the sales begin". San Diego Evening Tribune, February 12, 1986, Page B-3. Link via NewsBank.
  97. ^ a b "First Citicorp Tower to Open in October". Los Angeles Times, January 27, 1985.
  98. ^ "Grand Opening for Downtown Mall Scheduled: Bullock's, May Co. Anchor Stores in Seventh Market Place". Los Angeles Times, April 06, 1986.
  99. ^ "May Co. Will Move Offices to N. Hollywood". Los Angeles Times, October 26, 1983, Page E1. Link via ProQuest.
  100. ^ "Robinson's Chain to Take Over Five Goldwaters Stores". Los Angeles Times, January 07, 1989.
  101. ^ "MainPlace/Santa Ana Plans to Grow, Add Anchor Store". Los Angeles Times, May 20, 1989.
  102. ^ "Renovation to Expand MainPlace/Santa Ana Nears Completion". Los Angeles Times, September 29, 1990.
  103. ^ "MainPlace Mall Will Quietly Open New Wing". Los Angeles Times, November 01, 1990.
  104. ^ "Birth of a Mall: Ballyhoo Marks a Long-Awaited Groundbreaking in Santa Clarita". Los Angeles Times, September 13, 1991.
  105. ^ "Valencia's New Mall Opens With Burst of Fanfare and Optimism". Los Angeles Times, September 25, 1992.
  106. ^ "Vons Set to Move Its Headquarters". Los Angeles Times, September 17, 1988.
  107. ^ "May Co. to Pull Out of The City Mall Next Month: Retailing: Loss of one of the mall's two anchor stores spurs owners' search for new ways to attract new customers". Los Angeles Times, June 25, 1991.
  108. ^ "Robinson's, May Co. to Merge Stores: Economy: Twelve Southland locations will close and 550 people will be laid off in the cost-cutting move". Los Angeles Times, October 17, 1992.
  109. ^ "Robinson's-May Co. Reorganization: Expansion Plans". Los Angeles Times, October 18, 1992.
  110. ^ "Store Closures No Surprise--and Neither Is the Pain: Retailing: The demise of May Co. in West Covina and Robinson's in Pasadena isn't a fatal blow to the local economy, but some merchants fear the worst--and shopping will never be the same for some customers". Los Angeles Times, October 22, 1992.
  111. ^ "Council Urged to Override Veto of Building Proposal: Downtown: Community activists say conversion of former May Co. edifice into garment-making plant would provide jobs for thousands of unskilled laborers". Los Angeles Times, November 01, 1991.
  112. ^ "Massive former May Co. store in downtown L.A. comes on market; The sellers are expected to seek $120 million or more for the century-old, 1.1-million-square-foot building in the old movie theater district on Broadway". Los Angeles Times, July 04, 2013.
  113. ^ Vincent, Roger (April 12, 2014). "Former May Co. building in downtown L.A. to get revived after sale; The buyer of the massive historic building now known as Broadway Trade Center in downtown L.A.'s rebounding commercial district plans a mixed-use development, officials say.". Los Angeles Times. 
  114. ^ Barragan, Bianca (April 14, 2014). "Huge Broadway Trade Center Getting Mixed-Use Makeover". Curbed. 
  115. ^ Groves, Martha (October 10, 1989). "2 Big Retailers to Anchor Mall at Farmers Market : Decision by Nordstrom, May Co. Stirs Up Concerns Over Increased Traffic". Los Angeles Times. 
  116. ^ "May Co. Building to Reopen as LACMA West". Los Angeles Times. October 22, 1998. 
  117. ^ See, for example, the television episode "Mary's May Company Reunion," aired April 7, 1957, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPGxg7G21bg
  118. ^ Mary Livingstone, Hilliard Marks, and Marcia Borie, Jack Benny, New York: Doubleday, 1978.