Mayabeque Province

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Mayabeque Province
Province of Cuba
Official seal of Mayabeque Province
Seal
Mayabeque in Cuba.svg
Country Cuba
Capital San José de las Lajas
Municipalities San José de las Lajas, Jaruco, Santa Cruz del Norte, Madruga, Nueva Paz, Güines, Melena del Sur, Quivicán, Batabanó, San Nicolás de Bari, Bejucal
Area[1]
 • Total 3,732.73 km2 (1,441.22 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 381,385
 • Density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53-47

Mayabeque Province is one of two new provinces created from the former La Habana Province, whose creation was approved by the Cuban National Assembly on August 1, 2010, the other being Artemisa Province.[2][3] The new provinces were enforced on January 1, 2011.

Overview[edit]

Mayabeque is made up of the 11 eastern municipalities of the former La Habana province, with the capital in San José de las Lajas. Mayabeque Province is named after the Mayabeque River (the largest in this territory) as well as the south shore of Mayabeque beach, the place believed to be the original location of Havana village (San Cristóbal de La Habana) that was founded in 1514.[4]

Thus, the new province became the smallest (excluding Havana city province) and least populated province in the country. The new provinces were enforced in January 1, 2011.

Mayabeque's economy is based on agriculture (potatoes, fruits, vegetables, sugar cane) and livestock farming, particularly milk production. It also has a relevant industry sector located mainly in San José de las Lajas and Santa Cruz del Norte. Products include building materials, electrical cables, rubber industry, glass vessels, ceramics, food processing, paper processing, bio-pharmaceuticals (in Bejucal), fishing products, and oil and gas extraction. The province also has two large Havana Club rum factories, power plants, and sugar mills; as well as important scientific institutions and an agricultural science university.

Municipalities of Mayabeque Province[edit]

Map of Mayabeque Province
Road map of Mayabeque Province
Municipality km² Population inhab./km²
Bejucal 116.36 26,966 231.7
San José de las Lajas 592.67 74,186 125.2
Jaruco 275.9 25,135 91.1
Santa Cruz del Norte 379.38 34,216 90.2
Madruga 459.58 29,805 64.9
Nueva Paz 522.8 25,471 48.7
San Nicolás 228.86 20,695 90.4
Güines 433.09 67,919 156.8
Melena del Sur 233.56 20,646 88.4
Batabanó 263.43 26,944 102.3
Quivicán 227.1 29,463 129.7
Total 3,732.73 381,446 102.2

Source: Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas e Instituto de Planificación Física/2010 [5]

The most populated cities are Güines (42 000 hab.) and San José de las Lajas (37 000 hab.)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Mayabeque Province at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 22°58′5″N 82°09′21″W / 22.96806°N 82.15583°W / 22.96806; -82.15583 (Mayabeque Province)