||This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2009)|
- For the Chuck Berry song, see Maybellene.
|Type||wholly owned subsidiary|
|Headquarters||New York, United States|
|Key people||David Greenberg (President)|
|Products||Mascara, Eyeshadow, Make-Up|
The Maybelline Company was created by New York chemist T.L. Williams in 1915. Williams, in his early 30's noticed his younger sister applying a mixture of Vaseline and coal dust to her eyelashes to give them a darker, fuller look. He adapted it in his small laboratory and produced a product sold locally called lash-in-brow-line . The product was a local hit, but the awkward name held it back. His sister, who inspired the product, was named Maybel. So T.L. Williams renamed it Maybelline, a combination of Maybel and Vaseline. It is under this name that Maybelline has achieved its now legendary status in the field of cosmetics. In 1917 the company produced Maybelline Cake Mascara, "the first modern eye cosmetic for everyday use" and Ultra Lash in the 1960s, which was the first mass-market automatic.
In 1967, the company was sold by T.L. Williams to Plough, Inc. (now Schering-Plough) in Memphis, Tennessee. The entire cosmetic production facility was moved from Chicago to Memphis over one week-end. In 1975, the company moved its factory to Little Rock, Arkansas, where it is still located. In 1990, Schering-Plough sold Maybelline to a New York investment firm, Wasserstein Perella. Maybelline Operational Headquarters remained in Memphis until being sold in 1996, when headquarters moved to New York City. The makeup factory moved to Brooklyn, New York, in 2000.
Maybelline received a boost when the company hired Wonder Woman star Lynda Carter as the company's beauty fashion coordinator; she also appeared in several of its television and print advertisements. Josie Maran, Adriana Lima, Miranda Kerr, Sarah Michelle Gellar, Melina Kanakaredes, Zhang Ziyi, Siti Nurhaliza, Fasha Sandha, Sheetal Mallar, and Kristin Davis have endorsed Maybelline products. The current faces of Maybelline are Julia Stegner, Christy Turlington, Jessica White, Erin Wasson, Kemp Muhl, Emily DiDonato, Lisalla Montenegro, and Shu Pei.
In 1991, the company adopted its current advertising slogan, "Maybe She's Born With It. Maybe It's Maybelline" tagline. The company was acquired by L'Oréal in 1996. Acquiring Maybelline gave L'Oreal access to mass markets in cosmetics. L’Oreal also owns Garnier, Lancôme, Helena Rubinstein, BioMedic, Vichy, Biotherm, Shu Uemura, Kiehl’s, Soft Sheen-Carson, Redken, Matrix, Kerastase, Giorgio Armani, Inneov, Sanoflore, CCB Paris, Dermablend, The Body Shop, Skinceuticals, Ralph Lauren, La-Roche-Posay, and Yves Saint Laurent.
Maybelline has released several new products, including 'Eye Studio' collection for eye products, 'Fit Me' collection for foundation/facial products, and new 'Color Sensational' shades for lips. Currently, Maybelline is the Official Makeup Sponsor of Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week. Some more popular products are the simple 'Baby Lips', which are a tinted, moisturizing lip balm with SPF 20, or the "Dream Fresh BB Cream', which is a liquid foundation.
Complaints that Maybelline products are tested on animals are not wholly unfounded. During 1989 L'Oreal ceased to test finished products prior to their launch on the market and has committed to developing alternative methods. Although according to a 2010 report is required by law within a certain number of countries to continue with animal testing. On this continuation the company states that there is a commitment of "working with the authorities in these countries and sharing knowledge about alternative testing methods".
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