Mayenne, Mayenne

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Mayenne
Mayenne.JPG
Coat of arms of Mayenne
Coat of arms
Mayenne is located in France
Mayenne
Mayenne
Coordinates: 48°18′43″N 0°37′06″W / 48.312°N 0.6183°W / 48.312; -0.6183Coordinates: 48°18′43″N 0°37′06″W / 48.312°N 0.6183°W / 48.312; -0.6183
Country France
Region Pays de la Loire
Department Mayenne
Arrondissement Mayenne
Canton 2 cantons
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Michel Angot
Area1 19.88 km2 (7.68 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 13,742
 • Density 690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 53147 / 53100
Elevation 82–159 m (269–522 ft)
(avg. 124 m or 407 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Mayenne is a commune in the Mayenne department in north-western France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department. It is situated on the river Mayenne.

History[edit]

In medieval times, the town was the seat of the Lords of Mayenne. The town originated when Juhel II of Mayenne built a monastery near the gate of the pre-existing castle, which led to the formation of the settlement.

Mayenne was besieged two times in 1574 and 1590, and suffered substantial damage. It was rebuilt and re-embellished in the following century thanks to the help of Cardinal Mazarin. It however suffered from plague in 1707.

On 9 June 1944, during World War II, it was bombed by English aeroplanes, which caused heavy damage and numerous casualties.

Main sights[edit]

  • The Château, built in the 11th century over remains of a Carolingian edifice. It has five towers, only one of which has kept its original conical roof. The vaulted rooms and the chapel have 13th century decorations. Once used as a prison, since 2008 it is home to a museum.
  • The Basilica of Notre-Dame, founded in 1100. Of the original building, the piers and the arcades of the nave remain.
  • Romanesque church of St. Martin, enlarged in neo-medieval style during the 19th century.

Twin towns[edit]

Mayenne is twinned with:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]