Mayhew Folger (March 9, 1774 – September 1, 1828) was an American whaler who captained the sealing ship Topaz that rediscovered the Pitcairn Islands in 1808. Only one of HMS Bounty's mutineers was still alive: John Adams, whose alias was Alexander Smith.
Mayhew was born on March 12, 1774, in Nantucket, Massachusetts to William Folger and Ruth Coffin. Mayhew was a member of the Folger whaling family of Nantucket, Massachusetts, prominent Quakers. He was the great-great-great grandson of Peter Foulger and Mary Morrill Foulger, through them he is the first cousin three times removed of Benjamin Franklin. He married his second cousin, Mary Joy on March 7, 1798 on Nantucket. Mayhew was the uncle of Lucretia Coffin Mott, daughter of his sister Anna Folger and Thomas Coffin. He was born as the second child of his family.
Rediscovery of the Pitcairn Islands
Mayhew Folger captained the ship Topaz that left Boston on April 5, 1807 hunting for seals. They rediscovered the Pitcairn Islands on February 6, 1808. Only one of the original HMS Bounty mutineers, Alexander Smith, whose real name was John Adams, was still alive. The Topaz remained at the island for only ten hours.
The Bounty's Chronometer
Captain Folger was given the Bounty's azimuth compass and Larcum Kendall K2 marine chronometer by Adams. The K2 was the third precision marine chronometer made after the H4, designed by John Harrison. The chronometer was taken by the Spanish governor at Juan Fernandez Island. The chronometer was later purchased by a Spaniard named Castillo. When he died, his family conveyed it to Captain Herbert of HMS Calliope, who had it conveyed to the British Museum around 1840. The chronometer is now in Greenwich, London.
Accounts of the rediscovery
The discovery was reported by Folger to the Royal Navy 1808, a report of which reached the British Admiralty on May 14, 1809. It was published in the Quarterly Review in 1810. Captain Folger also related an account of the discovery to his friend Captain Amasa Delano, who published the account in his book A Narrative of Voyages and Travels in 1817. This account is also included in the book Pitcarin Island, written by Charles Nordoff and James Hall.
Folger and his family migrated to Kendal, Ohio in 1813. He became the first postmaster of neighboring Massillon, Ohio when the post office was created there in 1828. He died September 1, 1828 in Massillon.
- History of the Pitcairn Islands
- A quote about the Folger family from Herman Melville is in the entry for Mary Morrill.
- Mayhew Folger's account of meeting the Bounty descendants
- The Quarterly Review article of 1810
- Book by Nordoff and Hall which includes Folger's account of the rediscovery
- Another link to Nordoff and Hall's book
- The Larcum Kendall Bounty Watch in the National Maritime Museum
- Neff, William B., Bench and Bar of Northern Ohio: History and Biography, Cleveland, Ohio: The Historical Publishing Company, 1921, p. 125.
- http://www.lareau.org/chrono.html The story of the Bounty Chronometer
- Footprints: Presbyterianism in Massillon, Ohio by R. Paul Hildebrand & Virginia Hildebrand