Mayor of Jerusalem
|Mayor of the City of Jerusalem|
|Residence||1 Safra Square, Jerusalem|
|Term length||5 years|
|Inaugural holder||Musa al-Alami|
|Website||Office of the Mayor|
The Mayor of the City of Jerusalem is head of the executive branch of the political system in Jerusalem, The Jerusalem Municipality. The mayor's office administers all city services, public property, most public agencies, and enforces all city and state laws within Jerusalem.
The mayor's office is located in Safra Square; it has jurisdiction over all the city's neighborhoods. The mayor appoints a large number of officials, including Directors who head city departments, and his or her deputy mayors.
The Jerusalem City Council was established in 1863 during the rule of the Ottoman Empire. From 1948 to 1967 two municipalities operated in the city: the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem provided services to the western neighborhoods of the city and the Jordanian municipality of Al-Quds to its eastern parts.
By 1840, the Jewish community constituted the largest single religious group in the city. From the 1880s onward, the Jews constituted the majority within the city. However, it was only in 1937, under the British Mandate, that the first Jewish mayor was appointed.
List of Mayors of Jerusalem
This is a list of mayors of Jerusalem in chronological order.
Ottoman Empire (1848-1920)
- 1848–1863 — Ahmad Agha Duzdar Al-Asali
- 1863–1867 — Abdelrahman al-Dajani
- '1867 — Rafadulo Astiriyadis Effendi
- 1867-1869 — Abdelrahman al-Dajani.
- 1869 — Mūsā Faydī al-'Alamī.
- 1869-1870 — Abd al-Salām.
- 1870–1876 — Yusuf Ziya Paşa al-Khālīdī.
- Triumvirate 1876-1877 — Abd al-Qādir al-Khalīlī Abū l-Hudā/'Umar al-Ḥusaynī 'Abd al-Salām Paşa al Ḥusaynī/Salīm Shākir al-Ḥusaynī.
- 1876-1877 — Shaḥāda Faydallāh al-'Alamī.
- 1877–1878 — Rafadulo Astiriyadis Effendi
- 1878–1879 — Yusuf Ziya Paşa al-Khālīdī.
- 1879–1882 — Mūsā Faydī al-'Alamī
- 1882–1897 — Ḥusayn Salīm Paşa al Ḥusaynī
- Yaseen Khaldee
- 1897-1899 — Yaseen Khaldee
- 1899-1907 — Yousef Al-Khalidi
- 1907-1909 — Faidi al-Alami
- 1909-1917 — Hussein al-Husayni
- 1917-1918 — Aref al-Dajani
- 1918-1920 — Musa al-Husayni
Mandatory Palestine (1920-1948)
|Name||Term start||Term end||Party|
|1||Raghib al-Nashashibi||1920||1934||National Defence Party|
|2||Hussein al-Khalidi||1934||1937||Reform Party|
|3||Daniel Auster||1937||1938||General Zionists|
|4||Mustafa al-Khalidi||1938||1944||National Defence Party|
|(3)||Daniel Auster||1944||1945||General Zionists|
|5||City Council's committee||1945||1948||Various|
State of Israel (1948-present)
Mayors of West Jerusalem (Israel)
Mayors of East Jerusalem (Jordan/Palestine)
- Grenville, John Ashley Soames. A History of the World from the 20th to the 21st Century; Routledge, 2005. pg. 456. ISBN 0-415-28955-6
- Weiner, Justus Reid. Is Jerusalem Being "Judaized"?, Jewish Political Studies Review 15:1–2 (Spring 2003), citing Schmelz, U.O. "Modern Jerusalem's Demographic Evolution," Jewish Population Studies 20 (1987):9
- Johann Büssow,Hamidian Palestine: Politics and Society in the District of Jerusalem 1872–1908, Brill, 2011 p. 554.
- Lauren Gelfond Feldinger, 'The next Palestinian revolution, as seen through the eyes of a moderate scholar,' at Haaretz 14 June 2013
- Lydia Mamreov-Mountford, The Kaiser in Jerusalem, New York Times, 27 November 1898
- According to Bernard Wasserstein (1977) Al-'Alami may have been mayor from 1906. In 'Clipping the Claws of the Colonisers': Arab Officials in the Government of Palestine, 1917-48 "MUSA AL-'ALAMI was born in Jerusalem in 1897. His father, Faidi. Effendi al-'Alami, was a large landowner, Mayor of Jerusalem (1906-9)" Published in: Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 13, No. 2 (May, 1977), pp. 171-194, Publisher:Taylor & Francis, Ltd. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4282641
- He was Acting Mayor of Jerusalem, after Mustafa al-Khalidi's death in 1944.
- The office of Mayor of East Jerusalem was dissolved in 1967 after the Six-Day War and it has been titular since then. When al-Khatib died in 1994, he was succeded by Amin al-Majaj (1994-1998), who was succeded by Zaki al-Ghul (1999-present).