Mayor of Los Angeles

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Mayor of Los Angeles
Seal of Los Angeles, California.svg
Retrato oficial del alcalde Eric Garcetti.jpg
Incumbent
Eric Garcetti

since July 1, 2013
Residence Getty House
Term length Four years
renewable once
Inaugural holder Stephen Clark Foster
Formation 1848
Website Office of the Mayor

The mayor of Los Angeles is the chief executive officer of the city, elected for a four-year term and limited to serving no more than two terms.[1] Under the California Constitution, all judicial, school, county, and city offices, including those of chartered cities, are nonpartisan.[2] The 42nd and current Mayor is Eric Garcetti.

The mayor has an office in the Los Angeles City Hall and resides at the Mayor's Mansion, Getty House, located in Windsor Square in Hancock Park.

In the case of an office vacancy, the City Council has a choice to appoint a new mayor or to hold a special election.[3] The mayor is subject to recall.

Duties and powers[edit]

Los Angeles has a strong mayor council form of government, giving the mayor the position of chief executive of the city. The city does not have a city manager and as a result, the mayor's office resembles the office of a president or governor. The mayor is given the authority to appoint general managers and commissioners, remove officials from city posts, and is required to propose a budget each year. Most of the mayor's appointments and proposals are subject to approval by the Los Angeles City Council, but the mayor has the power of veto or approval of City Council legislation.[4] The organization of the mayor's office changes with administration, but is almost always governed by a chief of staff, deputy chief of staff, director of communications, and several deputy mayors. Each mayor also organizes his office into different offices, usually containing the Los Angeles Housing Team, Los Angeles Business Team, International Trade Office, Mayor's Volunteer Corps, and Office of Immigrant Affairs, among other divisions.

List of mayors[edit]

Since California became a state in 1850, the following Mayors have served.[5]

Stephen Clark Foster was appointed the first American mayor of Los Angeles under United States military rule in 1848.
Mayor Fred Eaton was instrumental in developing the Los Angeles Aqueduct.
Tom Bradley was Los Angeles' longest-serving mayor.
# Mayor Tenure Terms   Party
1 Alpheus P. Hodges July 1, 1850–May 7, 1851 1
2 Benjamin Davis Wilson May 7, 1851–May 4, 1852 1
3 John G. Nichols May 4, 1852–May 3, 1853 1 Democratic
4 Antonio F. Coronel May 3, 1853–May 4, 1854 1 Democratic
5 Stephen C. Foster (2nd) May 4, 1854–January 13, 1855 1 Democratic
(vacant) January 13, 1855-January 25, 1855 -
Stephen C. Foster (3rd) January 25, 1855–May 9, 1855 Partial Democratic
6 Dr. Thomas Foster May 9, 1855–May 7, 1856 1 Democratic
Stephen C. Foster (4th) May 7, 1856–September 22, 1856 Partial Democratic
 ? Manuel Requena (acting, 3rd) September 22, 1856-October 4, 1856 Partial Republican
John G. Nichols (2nd) October 4, 1856–May 9, 1859 3 Democratic
7 Damien Marchesseault May 9, 1859–May 9, 1860 1 Democratic
8 Henry Mellus May 9, 1860–December 26, 1860 (died) Partial Democratic
 ? William Woodworth (acting) December 26, 1860-January 7, 1861 Partial Democratic
Damien Marchesseault (2nd) January 7, 1861–May 6, 1865 4 Democratic
9 Jose Mascarel May 5, 1865–May 10, 1866 1 Republican
10 Cristóbal Aguilar May 10, 1866–December 7, 1868 2 Democratic
11 Joel Turner December 9, 1868–December 9, 1870 2 Democratic
Cristóbal Aguilar (2nd) December 9, 1870–December 5, 1872 2 Democratic
12 James R. Toberman December 5, 1872–December 18, 1874 2 Democratic
13 Prudent Beaudry December 18, 1874–December 8, 1876 2
14 Frederick A. MacDougal December 8, 1876–November 16, 1878 (died) 2 Democratic
(vacant) November 16, 1878-November 21, 1878 -
15 Bernard Cohn (acting) November 21, 1878–December 5, 1878 Partial Democratic
James R. Toberman (2nd) December 5, 1878–December 9, 1882 4
16 Cameron E. Thom December 9, 1882–December 9, 1884 2 Democratic
17 Edward F. Spence December 9, 1884–December 14, 1886 2 Republican
18 William H. Workman December 14, 1886–December 10, 1888 2 Democratic
19 John Bryson December 10, 1888–February 25, 1889 1 Democratic
20 Henry T. Hazard February 25, 1889–December 5, 1892 2 Republican
 ? William H. Bonsall (acting) December 5, 1892-December 12, 1892 Partial Republican
21 Thomas E. Rowan December 12, 1892–December 12, 1894 1 Democratic
22 Frank Rader December 12, 1894–December 16, 1896 1 Republican
23 Meredith P. Snyder December 16, 1896–December 15, 1898 1 Democratic
24 Fred Eaton December 15, 1898–December 12, 1900 1 Republican
Meredith P. Snyder (2nd) December 12, 1900–December 8, 1904 2 Democratic
25 Owen McAleer December 8, 1904–December 13, 1906 1 Republican
26 Arthur C. Harper December 13, 1906–March 11, 1909 (resigned) 1 Democratic
27 William D. Stephens (acting) March 15, 1909–March 26, 1909 Partial Republican
28 George Alexander March 26, 1909–July 1, 1913 2 Democratic
29 Henry Rose July 1, 1913–July 1, 1915 1 Republican
30 Charles E. Sebastian July 1, 1915–September 2, 1916 (resigned) 1 Democratic
31 Frederick T. Woodman September 5, 1916–July 1, 1919 2 Republican
Meredith P. Snyder (3rd) July 1, 1919–July 1, 1921 1 Democratic
32 George E. Cryer July 1, 1921–July 1, 1929 3 Republican
33 John C. Porter July 1, 1929–July 1, 1933 1 Democratic
34 Frank L. Shaw July 1, 1933–September 26, 1938 (recalled) 2 Reform
35 Fletcher Bowron September 26, 1938–July 1, 1953 4 Republican
36 C. Norris Poulson July 1, 1953–July 1, 1961 2 Republican
37 Samuel W. Yorty July 1, 1961–July 1, 1973 3 Democratic
38 Thomas Bradley July 1, 1973–July 1, 1993 5 Democratic
39 Richard J. Riordan July 1, 1993–July 1, 2001 2 Republican
40 James K. Hahn July 1, 2001–July 1, 2005 1 Democratic
41 Antonio Villaraigosa July 1, 2005–July 1, 2013 2 Democratic
42 Eric Garcetti July 1, 2013–present 1 Democratic
  • ? Not included in the official mayoral count.

The office of Mayor is nonpartisan. If no candidate receives fifty percent, plus one vote, a runoff election is required. (See Mayoral runoff races below).

Mayoral runoff races[edit]

If no candidate wins more than 50 percent of the vote in the primary election, the top two finishers meet in a runoff two months later. The table below refers to the runoff races over the years.

Year Winning Candidate Losing Candidate
2013 Eric Garcetti
181,995
Wendy Greuel
155,497
2009 No runoff. Antonio Villaraigosa received a majority in the first round.
2005 Antonio Villaraigosa
289,116
James K. Hahn
203,968
2001 James K. Hahn
304,791
Antonio Villaraigosa
264,611
1997 Richard Riordan
250,771
Tom Hayden
140,648
1993 Richard Riordan
314,559
Michael Woo
268,137
1989 No runoff. Tom Bradley received a majority in the first round.
1985 Thomas Bradley
313,318
John Ferraro
141,499
1981 Thomas Bradley
293,138
Samuel Yorty
148,193
1977 Thomas Bradley
288,636
Alan Robbins
136,515
1973 Thomas Bradley
433,473
Samuel Yorty
335,857
1969 Samuel Yorty
449,572
Thomas Bradley
394,364
1965 Samuel Yorty
395,208
James Roosevelt
249,099
1961 Samuel Yorty
276,106
Norris Poulson
260,381
1957 Norris Poulson
314,910
Robert Yeakel
142,094
1953 Norris Poulson
290,239
Fletcher Bowron
254,114
1949 Fletcher Bowron
238,190
Lloyd Aldrich
207,211
1941 Fletcher Bowron
112,556*
Stephen W. Cunningham
90,597*
1938*
(recall)
Fletcher Bowron
232,686
Frank L. Shaw
122,198
1932*
(recall)
John C. Porter
180,546
Charles W. Dempster
102,815
1929 John C. Porter
William G. Bonelli
1911 George Alexander Job Harriman
1909
(recall)
March 26
George Alexander
14,043
Fred C. Wheeler
12,341
1872 J. R. Toberman
715
Cristóbal Aguilar
350
1870 Cristóbal Aguilar
436
Andrew Glassell
428
  • Note: In the 1932 recall election William G. Bonelli received 74,917 votes.
  • Note: The 1941 election results represent 1,750 out of 2,753 precincts reporting, but Cunningham conceded at that point

Living former mayors[edit]

As of August 2014, three former mayors were alive, the oldest being Richard J. Riordan (1993–2001, born 1930). The most recent mayor to die was Thomas Bradley (1973–1993), on September 29, 1998.

Name Mayoral term Date of birth
Richard J. Riordan 1993–2001 (1930-05-01) May 1, 1930 (age 84)
James K. Hahn 2001–2005 (1950-07-03) July 3, 1950 (age 64)
Antonio Villaraigosa 2005-2013 (1953-01-23) January 23, 1953 (age 61)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Los Angeles City Charter, Vol I, Article II, Sec 230; 205-206.
  2. ^ California Constitution, Article II, Section 6
  3. ^ Los Angeles City Charter, Vol I, Article IV, Sec 409)
  4. ^ Los Angeles City Charter, Vol I, Article II, Sec 240)
  5. ^ Office of the City Clerk, Mayors of Los Angeles, 1850 to Present

External links[edit]