Mayor of New York City
|Mayor of the City of New York|
Flag of the Mayor
|Term length||Four years; may serve three consecutive terms|
The Mayor of the City of New York is head of the executive branch of New York City's government. The mayor's office administers all city services, public property, police and fire protection, most public agencies, and enforces all city and state laws within New York City.
The budget overseen by the mayor's office is the largest municipal budget in the United States at $50 billion a year. The city employs 250,000 people, spends about $21 billion to educate more than 1.1 million students, levies $27 billion in taxes, and receives $14 billion from the state and federal governments.
The mayor's office is located in New York City Hall; it has jurisdiction over all five boroughs of New York City: Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Bronx, Queens, and Staten Island. The mayor appoints a large number of officials, including commissioners who head city departments, and his or her deputy mayors. According to current law, the mayor is limited to three consecutive four-year terms in office, which was previously limited to two terms. It was changed from two to three terms on October 23, 2008, when the New York City Council voted 29–22 in favor of passing the term limit extension into law. However, in 2010, there was a referendum, reverting the limit to two terms, which passed overwhelmingly.
The current mayor is Michael Bloomberg, elected as a Republican in 2001, re-elected in 2005 with 59% of the vote, and elected to a third term in 2009 with 50.4%. He is known for taking control of the city's education system from the state, rezoning and economic development, fiscal management, and public health policy. In his second term he made school reform and strict gun control central priorities of his administration. On June 19, 2007, he filed papers to leave the Republican Party, thus becoming an independent. Bloomberg will be succeeded by Democrat Bill de Blasio, who was elected on November 5, 2013.
History of the office
In 1665, Governor Richard Nicolls appointed Thomas Willett as the first mayor of New York. For 156 years, the mayor was appointed and had limited power. Between 1783 and 1821 the mayor was appointed by the Council of Appointments in which the state's governor had the loudest voice. In 1821, the Common Council, which included elected members, gained the authority to choose the mayor. An amendment to the New York State Constitution in 1834 provided for the direct popular election of the mayor. Cornelius W. Lawrence, a Democrat, was elected that year.
Gracie Mansion has been the official residence of the mayor since Fiorello La Guardia's administration in 1942. Neither Mayor Bloomberg, nor his predecessor, Rudolph Giuliani, has actually inhabited the mansion. Its main floor is open to the public and serves as a small museum.
The mayor is entitled to a salary of $225,000, but Bloomberg, the 7th-richest man in the United States, has declined the salary and instead is paid $1 yearly. Bloomberg has an estimated net worth of $25 billion as of 2012.
In 2000, direct control of the city's public school system was transferred to the mayor's office. In 2003, the reorganization established the New York City Department of Education.
Tammany Hall, which evolved from an organization of craftsmen into a Democratic political machine, gained control of Democratic Party nominations in the state and city in 1861. It played a major role in New York City politics into the 1960s, and was a dominant player from the mayoral victory of Fernando Wood in 1854 through the era of Robert Wagner (1954–1965).
The Mayor of New York City may appoint several deputy mayors to assist him and to oversee major offices within the executive branch of the city government. The powers and duties, and even the number of deputy mayors, are not defined by the City Charter. The post was created by Fiorello La Guardia (who appointed Grover Whalen as deputy mayor) to handle ceremonial events that the mayor was too busy to attend. Since then, deputy mayors have been appointed with their areas of responsibility defined by the appointing mayor. There are currently seven deputy mayors, all of whom report directly to the mayor. Deputy mayors do not have any right to succeed to the mayoralty in the case of vacancy or incapacity of the mayor (the order of succession is the city's public advocate, then the comptroller).
The current deputy mayors are:
- First Deputy Mayor: Patricia Harris
- Advises the mayor on citywide administrative, operational and policy matters.
- Deputy Mayor for Economic Development and Rebuilding: Robert K. Steel
- Oversees and coordinates the operations of the Economic Development Corporation, the Department of Transportation, the Department of Buildings, the Department of City Planning, Department of Housing Preservation and Development and related agencies.
- Deputy Mayor for Health and Human Services: Linda Gibbs
- Oversees and coordinates the operations of the Human Resources Administration, Department of Homeless Services, Department for the Aging, the Administration for Children's Services, Department of Youth and Community Development and related agencies.
- Deputy Mayor for Legal Affairs: Carol Robles-Roman
- Oversees and coordinates the operations of the Coordinator of Administrative Justice, Office to Combat Domestic Violence, and related agencies.
- Deputy Mayor for Governmental Affairs: Howard Wolfson
- Directs the City’s relations with federal, state and local governing entities and serves as the Mayor’s chief liaison with elected officials.
- Assists the mayor in managing the Police Department, Fire Department, Sanitation Department, Office of Emergency Management, Office of Management and Budget, etc.
- Deputy Mayor for Education and Community Development: Dennis M. Walcott
- Inter alia, oversees and coordinates the operations of the Department of Education.
List of former Deputy Mayors
- Daniel L. Doctoroff, Stephen Goldsmith 2010-2011 Robert C. Lieber 2007-2010 - under Michael Bloomberg
- Joe Lhota, Tony Coles and Randy Mastro - under Rudolph Giuliani
- William Lynch 1990s - under Mayor David Dinkins
- Herman Badillo 1977-1979 - under Mayor Ed Koch
The mayor in popular culture
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2013)|
The New York City mayoralty has played a central role in several films and television series. Spin City (1996–2002), set in City Hall, it cast Barry Bostwick as the dim-witted mayor, but starred Michael J. Fox as a deputy mayor, whose primary task was to keep the mayor from embarrassing himself in front of the media and voters. City Hall (1996) starred Al Pacino as an idealistic mayor and John Cusack as his deputy mayor, who leads an investigation with unexpectedly far-reaching consequences into the accidental shooting of a boy in New York. The Taking of Pelham One Two Three (1974) features Lee Wallace as an indecisive, flu-struck mayor who is bullied by his deputy and booed by the citizenry. The comic-book series Ex Machina posits an alternate history in which the 2001 election is won by the independent Mitchell Hundred, a former superhero called the Great Machine, who sweeps to victory after saving the second tower of the World Trade Center on September 11. A fictional mayor is also featured in the 2003 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles animated series.
Local tabloid newspapers often refer to the mayor as "Hizzoner", a corruption of the title "His Honor". Several mayors have appeared in television and movies, as well as on Broadway—most notably in The Will Rogers Follies. In the 1980s and 90s, Mayors Ed Koch and Rudy Giuliani had appeared on Saturday Night Live on several occasions, sometimes mocking themselves in sketches. Giuliani and Bloomberg have both appeared, as themselves in their mayoral capacities, on episodes of Law & Order. Giuliani has made cameos in films such as The Out-of-Towners and Anger Management. Bloomberg has appeared on 30 Rock and Curb Your Enthusiasm.
- List of mayors of New York City
- New York City mayoral elections (since 1897)
- Government of New York City
- History of New York City
- New York City Council
- New York City Public Advocate
- New York City Comptroller
- New York City Board of Estimate (1897–1990)
- Borough President
- New York City Civil Court
- New York City Criminal Court
- New York City: the 51st State
- Nationmaster (2009-06-02). "General government final consumption expenditure, current US$ by country. New York City would be 24th largest by expenditure if it were a country.".
- WCBS (2008-10-23). "'Aye' And Mighty: Bloomberg's Wish Is Granted".[dead link]
- "Bloomberg Leaves Republican Party – NYC Mayor, Subject of Speculation about Presidential Run, Now Unaffiliated". msnbc.com. Associated Press. June 20, 2007. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "League of Women Voters of the City of New York - - ABOUT US". Lwvnyc.org. Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Forbes Profile". Forbes. Retrieved 2013.
- "Mayor Bloomberg appoints Department of Environmental Protection commissioner Caswell F. Holloway Deputy Mayor for Operations, replacing Stephen Goldsmith". Mayor of New York City. August 4, 2011. Retrieved 4 August 2011.