Mayor of Pichilemu

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Mayor of Pichilemu
Coat of arms of Pichilemu.svg
Roberto Córdova, current incumbent
Incumbent
Roberto Córdova

since 1 September 2009[1]
Style No courtesy, title or style
Appointer Electorate of the commune of Pichilemu
Term length Four years[2]
Inaugural holder José María Caro Martínez
6 May 1894[3]
Succession Every 6 December
Salary CLP3,304,089 (USD7,054)[4]
(as of February 2013)
Website pichilemu.cl

The Mayor of Pichilemu is an elected politician who is the head of the executive branch of government of the commune of Pichilemu, Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Region, Chile. The mayor presides over the local city council, composed of six members, and serves as the civic representative of the commune. The mayor is popularly elected in a municipal election, by simple majority. The office is held for a four-year term without term limits.

Forty different individuals, including acting mayors, have held the office of mayor since the commune of Pichilemu was created in December 1891. José María Caro Martínez, elected in 1894, was the inaugural mayor of the commune, and served for almost four consecutive terms, interrupted by his resignation in 1905. The current mayor is Socialist Roberto Córdova; he was first elected in an extraordinary city council election to fill an unexpired term on 1 September 2009. Córdova was re-elected to a full term on 28 October 2012, due to end on 6 December 2016.

Some mayors are particularly notable, for example: Conservative José María Caro Martínez (1830–1916), father of José María Caro Rodríguez, the first Chilean Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church;[5][6] Radical Carlos Rojas Pavez, the founder of Pichilemu, a newspaper which counted with collaborations of local journalist and historian José Arraño Acevedo and municipal worker Miguel Larravide Blanco;[7] and Christian Democrat Jorge Vargas González (b. 1967), an infamous politician who was forced out of office in two different times, under charges of bribery.[8]

Background, organisation, and elections[edit]

On 22 December 1891, President Jorge Montt and his Minister of the Interior Manuel Irarrázabal Larraín promulgated the Autonomous Commune Law (Ley de Comuna Autónoma), creating 195 communes, including that of Pichilemu. At the time, the territory of Pichilemu comprised the former subdelegations of Cáhuil, Peñablanca, and Cocauquén. Three years later, on 6 May 1894, Pichileminians formed the first local government. José María Caro Martínez was elected the first mayor of the commune on that day.[9]

Organisationally, the commune of Pichilemu has a mayor–council form of government.[10] This provides for a commune-wide elected mayor serving in an executive role, as well as a city council serving in a legislative role.[11] The mayor, as the highest authority of the commune of Pichilemu, has the responsibility to direct, manage and supervise the work of the municipality, and legally represents the commune. The mayor is also responsible of administrating the commune's financial resources, and municipal and national goods of public use, presides the local city council, and has the power to delegate his work to other functionaries of the local government, which he may appoint. Additionally, the mayor may give a public account of his gesture to the city council every year, usually in April; an extract of his account may be published to the community.[12] If the mayor dies in office, resigns, or is unable to carry out his/her duties, a councilor may be elected by the city council to replace the former mayor. In the meantime, the municipal secretary may take office as acting mayor. This has happened several times in Pichilemu: following the resignation of René Maturana Maldonado in April 1992, municipal secretary Gustavo Parraguez Galarce took over his office since, at the time, there were no councilors; in November 1998, mayor Jorge Vargas González was convicted of illegally giving a driver's license,[13] and the city council chose councilor Carlos Leyton Labarca until Vargas González resumed his duties in November 1999.

A red two-story building
The former Pichilemu City Hall, demolished in 2011–12

Municipal elections, during which mayors are elected, take place every four years; they take place one year before presidential elections (since 2008) in the last Sunday of October. Candidates must comply a number of requisites in order to run for mayor of Pichilemu; those include: to have completed secondary education (Enseñanza Media), to be a citizen, literate, to have resided in the Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Region for at least two years before the election, and to have their military status regularized.[12] The mayor is usually sworn in on the 6 December following the election. The next election for the mayor will be in 2016. Municipal elections originally elected three mayors, called primer, segundo, and tercer alcalde, and a number of regidores. For example, the results of the first elections in Pichilemu, for the term between 1894 and 1897, showed José María Caro Martínez, Pedro Nolasco de Mira, and Francisco Reyes elected as the first primer, segundo, and tercer alcalde of Pichilemu, respectively.[14] The role of the primer alcalde equals that of the current mayor of Pichilemu. However, voting was not popular: only taxpayers and landowners could vote. According to the Decree #5655 of 4 December 1945, regidores were popularly elected, and they had the faculty to vote for the mayor that would rule for the local government three-year term.[15] The 1973 Chilean coup d'état interrupted Washington Saldías Fuentealba's mayoral term, hence terminating possibilities of new elections. The military regime of Augusto Pinochet appointed seven mayors, who held the office in a period of nineteen years. Following the Chilean transition to democracy, the D'Hondt method of proportional representation was used in the municipal elections of 1992, 1996, and 2000: all candidates run in a single list, the most voted candidate becomes the mayor and other five/six become councilors, according to the aforementioned method. For the municipal elections beginning in 2004, candidates for mayor and councilor run in separate lists, and mayors are elected by simple majority of votes.[16]

Mayors[edit]

To date, forty-one different individuals have served as mayor of the commune of Pichilemu. There have been 42 mayoralties, excluding those of acting mayors. Francisco Javier Asalgado, Sergio Morales Retamal, and Carlos Echazarreta Iñiguez have served two non-consecutive terms, while Felipe Iturriaga Esquivel served for three. The longest term was that of José María Caro Martínez, who served eleven years until his resignation one year before his fourth term expired. The shortest term was that of Gustavo Parraguez Galarce, an acting mayor who served only six days between 6 December and 12 December 2008, before the city council elected Roberto Córdova Carreño as the successor of Marcelo Cabrera Martínez, who was under trial at the time.[17] Excluding Parraguez Galarce, the shortest term of a mayor of Pichilemu was that of Osvaldo Sotomayor Ilabaca, which lasted a span of nine days, between 25 February and 6 March 1935. Only one mayor has died in office: Serafín López Lizana died after serving five months as mayor of the commune. Olga Maturana Espinosa is the only woman to have served as mayor.

No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Political party Council
1 Black and white photo of a man wearing a suit Caro Martínez, José MaríaJosé María Caro Martínez[n 1] 6 May 1894 7 May 1905 Conservative[5]
2 Black and white photo of a bearded man Asalgado, Francisco JavierFrancisco Javier Asalgado 7 May 1905 3 September 1909 Unknown[n 2]
3 Salas Salas, Carlos IgnacioCarlos Ignacio Salas Salas[n 3] 2 May 1909 3 May 1912 Unknown[n 2]
4 Black and white photo of a bearded man Asalgado, Francisco JavierFrancisco Javier Asalgado[n 4] 5 May 1912 22 September 1912 Unknown[n 2]
5 Becerra, José SantosJosé Santos Becerra 22 September 1912 2 May 1915 Unknown[n 2]
6 Silva Pizarro, GustavoGustavo Silva Pizarro[n 5] 4 May 1915 4 May 1924 Unknown[n 2]
7 Barahona Fornés, Luis AntonioLuis Antonio Barahona Fornés[n 6] 4 May 1924 24 December 1925 Conservative[18]
8 Caro Rodríguez, Francisco AdrianoFrancisco Adriano Caro Rodríguez 24 December 1925 22 May 1927 Unknown[n 2]
9 Black and white photo of a smiling man wearing a suit and a tie Merino Canales de la Cerda, EvaristoEvaristo Merino Canales de la Cerda[n 7] 22 May 1927 14 May 1928 Unknown[n 2]
10 Silva, José CamiloJosé Camilo Silva 14 May 1928 10 July 1928 Unknown[n 2]
11 Araneda y Araneda, José RamónJosé Ramón Araneda y Araneda 10 July 1928 12 July 1930 Unknown[n 2] None
12 Castro Rojas, PastorPastor Castro Rojas[n 8] 12 July 1930 24 November 1930 Unknown[n 2]
13 Maturana Maturana, FernandoFernando Maturana Maturana 24 November 1930 16 October 1932 Unknown[n 2]
14 Black and white photo of a man wearing a suit and a hat Iturriaga Esquivel, FelipeFelipe Iturriaga Esquivel 16 October 1932 25 February 1935 Conservative[19]
15 Sotomayor Ilabaca, OsvaldoOsvaldo Sotomayor Ilabaca 25 February 1935 4 May 1935 Unknown[n 2]
Morales Moraga, AlbertoAlberto Morales Moraga 4 May 1935 9 May 1935 Unknown[n 2] Unknown
16 López Lizana, SerafínSerafín López Lizana[n 9] 25 May 1935 October 1935 Unknown[n 2]
17 Morales Moraga, AlbertoAlberto Morales Moraga[n 10] 14 October 1935 1 December 1935 Unknown[n 2]
18 Black and white photo of a man wearing a suit and a tie Llanos Martínez, HumbertoHumberto Llanos Martínez[n 11] 1 December 1935 18 May 1941 Conservative[19]
19 Black and white photo of a man wearing a suit and a hat Iturriaga Esquivel, FelipeFelipe Iturriaga Esquivel 18 May 1941 21 May 1944 Conservative[19]
20 Black and white photo of a man wearing a suit Caroca Rojas, ArmandoArmando Caroca Rojas 21 May 1944 18 May 1947 Liberal[20]
21 Black and white photo of a bald man looking straight wearing a suit and a tie Echazarreta Larraín, CarlosCarlos Echazarreta Larraín 18 May 1947 21 May 1950 Unknown[n 2]
22 Black and white photo of a man wearing a suit and a tie Morales Retamal, SergioSergio Morales Retamal[n 12] 21 May 1950 23 May 1951 Unknown[n 2]
23 Black and white photo of a woman Maturana Espinosa, OlgaOlga Maturana Espinosa 28 May 1951 17 May 1953 Independent[21]
24 Black and white photo of a man wearing a suit and a tie Morales Retamal, SergioSergio Morales Retamal 17 May 1953 20 May 1956 Unknown[n 2]
25 Black and white photo of a man wearing a suit and a hat Iturriaga Esquivel, FelipeFelipe Iturriaga Esquivel 20 May 1956 15 May 1959 Conservative[19]
26 Sánchez Beguiristáin, BasilioBasilio Sánchez Beguiristáin 19 May 1959 19 May 1963 United Conservative[22]
27 A smiling bald man wearing a blue jacket Echazarreta Iñiguez, CarlosCarlos Echazarreta Iñiguez 19 May 1963 21 May 1967 Christian Democrat[23]
28 Rojas Pavez, CarlosCarlos Rojas Pavez 21 May 1967 21 May 1971 Radical[24]
29 Saldías Fuentealba, WashingtonWashington Saldías Fuentealba[n 13] 21 May 1971 11 September 1973
(coup d'état)
Socialist[23]
30 A smiling bald man wearing a blue jacket Echazarreta Iñiguez, CarlosCarlos Echazarreta Iñiguez 29 September 1973 10 November 1973 Christian Democrat[23] None
31 Urrutia Carrasco, MarioMario Urrutia Carrasco 7 December 1973 1975 Unknown[n 2]
32 Black and white photo of a man wearing a suit, with his mouth opened Parraguez Galarce, EduardoEduardo Parraguez Galarce 1975 1979 Unknown[n 2]
33 Black and white photo of a man wearing a suit Vargas Jorquera, José LinoJosé Lino Vargas Jorquera 1979 1981 Unknown[n 2]
34 Waidele Wolff, JulioJulio Waidele Wolff 1981 1983 Unknown[n 2]
35 Merino Lacoste, EmilioEmilio Merino Lacoste 1983 30 August 1984 Unknown[n 2]
36 A young man wearing a suit and a red tie Maturana Maldonado, RenéRené Maturana Maldonado[n 14] 31 August 1984 April 1992 Unknown[n 2]
Parraguez Galarce, GustavoGustavo Parraguez Galarce April 1992 26 September 1992 Unknown[n 2]
37 Cornejo Bustamante, OrlandoOrlando Cornejo Bustamante 26 September 1992 6 December 1996 UCC[27]
38 A crestfallen man wearing a blue jacket Vargas González, JorgeJorge Vargas González[n 15] 6 December 1996 9 November 1998 Christian Democrat[28]
Man in traditional huaso dressing, wearing a hat and a white jacket, holding a microphone Leyton Labarca, CarlosCarlos Leyton Labarca 9 November 1998 4 November 1999 UDI[28]
A crestfallen man wearing a blue jacket Vargas González, JorgeJorge Vargas González[n 16] 4 November 1999 20 July 2007 Christian Democrat[28]
39 A dark-skinned man wearing a white shirt holding a hot dog in his right hand Rojas González, VíctorVíctor Rojas González[n 17] 27 July 2007 12 September 2007 Christian Democrat[28]
Parraguez Galarce, GustavoGustavo Parraguez Galarce[n 18] 12 September 2007 23 November 2007 Unknown[n 2]
40 A bearded white man wearing a suit and a tie looking straight Cabrera Martínez, MarceloMarcelo Cabrera Martínez[n 19] 23 November 2007 April 2008 Independent
A woman wearing a suit González González, MarciaMarcia González González[n 20] April 2008 4 June 2008 Unknown[n 2]
A bearded white man wearing a suit and a tie looking straight Cabrera Martínez, MarceloMarcelo Cabrera Martínez 4 June 2008 26 September 2008 Independent
Calderón Gómez, LuisLuis Calderón Gómez[n 21] 29 September 2008 12 November 2008 Unknown[n 2]
41 Dark-skinned man with his eyes partially closed rests his head with his hands Garrido Salas, HernánHernán Garrido Salas[n 22] 12 November 2008 6 December 2008 PPD[28]
Parraguez Galarce, GustavoGustavo Parraguez Galarce[n 23] 6 December 2008 12 December 2008 Unknown[n 2]
A brunette-skinned man looking straight to the camera Córdova Carreño, RobertoRoberto Córdova Carreño[n 24] 12 December 2008 18 May 2009 Socialist[28]
A bearded white man wearing a suit and a tie looking straight Cabrera Martínez, MarceloMarcelo Cabrera Martínez[n 25] 18 May 2009 19 August 2009 Independent
42 A brunette-skinned man looking straight to the camera Córdova Carreño, RobertoRoberto Córdova Carreño[n 26] 1 September 2009 incumbent Socialist[28]

Timeline[edit]

The timeline shows changes of the head of the executive branch of the municipality of Pichilemu from its creation in May 1894 until today.

1894–1950

Carlos Echazarreta Larraín Armando Caroca Rojas Felipe Iturriaga Esquivel Humberto Llanos Martínez Alberto Morales Moraga Serafín López Lizana Alberto Morales Moraga Osvaldo Sotomayor Ilabaca Felipe Iturriaga Esquivel Fernando Maturana Maturana Pastor Castro Rojas José Ramón Araneda José Camilo Silva Evaristo Merino Canales Francisco Adriano Caro Rodríguez Luis Barahona Fornés Gustavo Silva Pizarro José Santos Becerra Francisco Javier Asalgado Carlos Salas Salas Francisco Javier Asalgado José María Caro Martínez

1950–2000

Jorge Vargas González Carlos Leyton Labarca Jorge Vargas González Orlando Cornejo Bustamante Gustavo Parraguez Galarce René Maturana Maldonado Emilio Merino Lacoste Julio Waidele Wolff José Lino Vargas Jorquera Eduardo Parraguez Galarce Mario Urrutia Carrasco Carlos Echazarreta Iñiguez Washington Saldías Fuentealba Carlos Rojas Pavez Carlos Echazarreta Iñiguez Basilio Sánchez Berguiristain Felipe Iturriaga Esquivel Sergio Morales Retamal Olga Maturana Espinosa Sergio Morales Retamal Carlos Echazarreta Larraín

2000–present

Roberto Córdova Carreño Marcelo Cabrera Martínez Roberto Córdova Carreño Gustavo Parraguez Galarce Hernán Garrido Salas Luis Calderón Gómez Marcelo Cabrera Martínez Gustavo Parraguez Galarce Víctor Rojas González Jorge Vargas González

Other offices held[edit]

The following is a list of congressional, gubernatorial and other offices held by mayors, before or after their term(s).

Mayor Mayoral term Other offices held
Caro Martínez, José MaríaJosé María Caro Martínez 1894–1905 Subdelegate of the 13th Subdelegation of San Fernando Department (Cáhuil) (1891–92)[9]
Barahona Fornés, Luis AntonioLuis Antonio Barahona Fornés 1924–25 Deputy for the 10th Departmental District of Caupolicán, San Vicente, and San Fernando (1926–30)[18]

Living former mayors[edit]

As of August 2013, thirteen former mayors are alive, the oldest being Orlando Cornejo Bustamante (1992–96; born 1929). The youngest is Luis Calderón Gómez (born 1975), who served as acting mayor for a short period of time in 2008. The most recent mayor to die is René Maturana Maldonado (1984–92; aged 54), on 12 August 2009.[53]

Mayor Mayoral term Date of birth
Echazarreta Iñiguez, CarlosCarlos Echazarreta Iñiguez 1963–67
1973
11 November 1934 (age 79)[54]
Parraguez Galarce, EduardoEduardo Parraguez Galarce 1975–79 21 October 1935 (age 78)[55]
Vargas Jorquera, José LinoJosé Lino Vargas Jorquera 1979–81 6 March 1930 (age 84)[56]
Merino Lacoste, EmilioEmilio Merino Lacoste 1983–84 3 February 1950 (age 64)[55]
Parraguez Galarce, GustavoGustavo Parraguez Galarce 1992
2007
2008
24 May 1943 (age 71)[57]
Cornejo Bustamante, OrlandoOrlando Cornejo Bustamante 1992–96 26 October 1929 (age 84)[58]
Vargas González, JorgeJorge Vargas González 1996–98
1999–2007
8 February 1967 (age 47)[59]
Leyton Labarca, CarlosCarlos Leyton Labarca 1998–99 2 February 1954 (age 60)[60]
Rojas González, VíctorVíctor Rojas González 2007 7 June 1961 (age 53)[61]
Cabrera Martínez, MarceloMarcelo Cabrera Martínez 2007–08
2009
15 July 1973 (age 40)[62]
González González, MarciaMarcia González González 2008 13 October 1973 (age 40)[63]
Calderón Gómez, LuisLuis Calderón Gómez 2008 27 June 1975 (age 39)[64]
Garrido Salas, HernánHernán Garrido Salas 2008 29 November 1956 (age 57)[65]

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Roberto del Carmen Córdova Carreño Socialist Party of Chile 3,507 47.94
Carlos Acuña Arévalo National Renewal 1,492 20.40
Iván Cabrera Martínez Independent 1,339 18.30
Mario Alejandro Moraga Cáceres Independent 469 6.41
Washington Araneda Carrasco Progressist Party of Chile 178 2.43
Cristián Tamayo Latapiat Independent 153 2.09
Valid votes 7,138 97.58
Invalid/blank votes 177 2.42
Total 7,315 100
Registered voters/turnout 11,974 59.61
Source: Servicio Electoral[50][66]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Caro Martínez retired one year before his fourth term expired. The City Council named Francisco Javier Asalgado as acting primer alcalde. Asalgado served the remainder of Caro Martínez's term and was subsequently re-elected once.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac No source has been found to verify a party affiliation.
  3. ^ The results of the March 1909 municipal election were controversial, with Francisco Javier Asalgado and Carlos Salas Salas disputing the primer alcalde office. However, an appeals court ruled in favor of Salas in September of that year.
  4. ^ Asalgado decided to retire in June 1912, just one month after he began his second non-consecutive term as primer alcalde of Pichilemu. His resignation became effective on 22 September 1912. José Santos Becerra, segundo alcalde was named as acting primer alcalde.
  5. ^ Silva Pizarro was elected for three consecutive terms.
  6. ^ Barahona Fornés resigned on 24 December 1925 to run for deputy. He was elected deputy for the 1926–30 term representing the 10th Departmental Constituency of Caupolicán, San Vicente, and San Fernando.[18] Following Barahona's resignation, Francisco Adriano Caro, son of the first primer alcalde José María Caro Martínez, was named acting primer alcalde.
  7. ^ Merino Canales de la Cerda was appointed as the first mayor of the Pichilemu neighborhood council (alcalde de la junta de vecinos) by the government of Carlos Ibáñez del Campo. All mayors until 1935 (government of Arturo Alessandri Palma) were appointed by the president in office.
  8. ^ A resident of Rancagua, Castro Rojas resigned as mayor because of poor health.
  9. ^ López Lizana died in office, just four months after he was sworn in as mayor of Pichilemu.
  10. ^ Following López Lizana's death, Morales Moraga took over his role as mayor of the commune until elections were held later in 1935.
  11. ^ Llanos Martínez was elected regidor of Pichilemu in November 1935, and was elected mayor of the commune by his peers in December 1935. He held the position for two consecutive terms.
  12. ^ According to Antonio Saldías, Morales Retamal reached a "gentleman's agreement" and divided his term with Olga Maturana Espinosa, the first and to date, the only woman mayor of Pichilemu. Morales Retamal was re-elected after Maturana Espinosa's departure.
  13. ^ Saldías Fuentealba's term was interrupted by the Augusto Pinochet military regime, who came to power following a coup d'état on 11 September 1973. The military regime appointed a number of like-minded politicians as mayors of Pichilemu until 1984.
  14. ^ Maturana Maldonado was the last mayor to be appointed by the Pinochet military regime, which remained in power until 1990. His appointment took place on 31 August 1984.[25] In 1989, the Region of O'Higgins Development Council decided that Maturana would stay in office for "good service" reasons, and began a second term on 16 October 1989.[26] Maturana Maldonado resigned in April 1992, and Gustavo Parraguez Galarce, municipal secretary was named acting mayor of Pichilemu. The first municipal election since the return to democracy were held that year.
  15. ^ Vargas González was temporarily removed from his office in November 1998 after he was found to have been abusing his position as judge of the Local Police Court (Juzgado de Policía Local), by illegally giving a driver's license to a local businessman.[13] Councilor Carlos Leyton Labarca was named acting mayor for the time he was being tried in court. Vargas returned to his office in November 1999, and was subsequently re-elected twice.
  16. ^ A process against Vargas was started in March 2003. On 28 March 2006, he was found guilty for the crime of bribery by the Crime Court of Pichilemu.[29] Following the sentence, the mayor office was held by Francisco Vidal Arraño, municipal administrator.[30] Vargas was additionally found guilty bringing witnesses who deliberately lied to the court. The sentence against Vargas marked the beginning of a number of controversies which ended with several mayors being prosecuted under charges of corruption.[31] However, Vargas officially resigned as mayor in July 2007, an action which was unanimously approved by the members of the city council.[32]
  17. ^ In July 2007, Rojas González was elected by the city council as acting mayor, to complete Jorge Vargas González's term.[33] However, Rojas González's tenure as mayor was interrupted by accusations of bribery. He was a fugitive from justice for several days until 12 September 2007, when he was detained by the Carabineros police.[34] In an audience which lasted for seven hours, he was jailed with former mayor Jorge Vargas González in the prison of Santa Cruz.[35]
  18. ^ Parraguez Galarce, municipal secretary, became the Interim (Subrogant) Mayor,[36] until the city council could elect a new mayor. There were several unsuccessful attempts to choose a mayor,[37] until 23 November 2007, when the councilors elected Marcelo Cabrera Martínez as the successor of Rojas González.[38]
  19. ^ Marcelo Cabrera Martínez was elected mayor of Pichilemu after a series of unsuccessful attempts by the city council to elect one.[38] Only three days after he took office as mayor, an investigation was started against him for "adulterating receipts".[31] On 26 September 2008, he resigned as mayor for him to be legally able to run as candidate in the 2008 municipal election. However, in October of that year, and some days before the elections took place, he was accused by the Public Prosecutor Jorge Mena,[39] leaving him unable to take office after the elections, which he won.[40]
  20. ^ González was chosen by the city council to take over Cabrera's vacant,[41] until the "Boletas adulteradas" case ended, or the appeals court of Rancagua allowed Cabrera to return to his post, which eventually occurred.[42]
  21. ^ Following Cabrera Martínez's resignation as mayor to be legally able to be a candidate for the office, he appointed Luis Calderón Gómez as the interim mayor, on 29 September 2008.[43] Since Cabrera was prohibited from using public offices in October of that year, Calderón held the mayoralty until 12 November 2008, when the city council elected Hernán Garrido Salas to complete Cabrera's term, which would last until 6 December.[44]
  22. ^ As Marcelo Cabrera was disabled from taking public offices, the city council was forced to elect a new mayor to complete his term. On 12 November 2008, Hernán Garrido Salas was elected mayor of Pichilemu in a city council meeting, to complete Cabrera's term. A group of forty supporters of Cabrera attempted to spoil the voting, but they were not successful and ended up with their leader Jorge Ganora Arratia, a local businessman, arrested.[44] Garrido Salas was, like Cabrera, being prosecuted on charges of bribery, but he could finish the term.[45]
  23. ^ Parraguez Galarce was sworn in as mayor of Pichilemu on 6 December 2008 in a public ceremony,[46] and handed over his position to Roberto Córdova six days later,[17] making his tenure the shortest for a mayor of the commune.
  24. ^ The city council elected Roberto Córdova Carreño as the new mayor of the commune in an "extraordinary meeting". Córdova, who was the most voted councilor in the election of October 2008,[17] stayed in the mayor office until Cabrera's return in May 2009.[47]
  25. ^ On 26 March 2009, Cabrera was sentenced on charges of tax fraud to 61 days of pena remitida and was banned for seven years from occupying the position of councilor. The pena remitida lasted until 17 May, and Cabrera resumed his duties as mayor on the following day, with celebrations of his supporters outside the Pichilemu City Hall.[47] In August of that year, however, the Regional Electoral Court determined, following a reclamation by councilors Viviana Parraguez, Andrea Aranda, Marta Urzúa, Juan Cornejo, and Roberto Córdova, that Cabrera lost his citizenship by being banned from being a councilor, and thus he had to resign his position as mayor.[49] The mayorship of Pichilemu was left vacant until 1 September 2009, when the city council once again elected Roberto Córdova as the new mayor.[1]
  26. ^ The city council of Pichilemu, in an "extraordinary meeting", elected Roberto Córdova as the new mayor of the commune, for the rest of Cabrera's term.[1] Córdova was popularly elected mayor for the first time in the municipal election of October 2012, obtaining 3,507 votes (49.13%).[50] He was sworn in for his second term on 6 December 2012 in a ceremony held at the Municipal Hall (Pista Municipal); his term is due to expire on 6 December 2016.[51]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b c Saldías, Washington (1 September 2009). "Alcalde titular "habemus" en Pichilemu: Roberto Córdova Carreño elegido tras resolución del Tricel". Pichilemu News (in Spanish) (Pichilemu, Chile). Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  2. ^ "Chile: Political Organization / Organzacion Política". Political Database of the Americas (in Spanish). Georgetown University. February 17, 2005. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Saldías, Washington (6 February 2005). "Nunca es tarde para reiterar nuestras disculpas". Pichilemu News (in Spanish). Pichilemu, Chile. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2010. 
  4. ^ "Personal de Planta Febrero 2013" (Excel spreadsheet) (in Spanish). Pichilemu, Chile: Municipality of Pichilemu. February 2013. Archived from the original on 13 April 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Rojas Pavez, Carlos; Larravide Blanco, Miguel; Arraño Acevedo, José Santos (15 March 1944). "Don José María Caro Mrtínez (sic)". Pichilemu (in Spanish) (Pichilemu, Chile). p. 2. 
  6. ^ Arraño Acevedo, José (1990) [First published 1980]. "José María Caro Martínez, Primer Alcalde de Pichilemu" [José María Caro Martínez, First Mayor of Pichilemu]. In Saldías, Antonio. Pichilemu: mis fuentes de información [Pichilemu: my information sources] (in Spanish). Pichilemu, Chile: Editora El Promaucae. pp. 138–140. 
  7. ^ Saldías, Washington (31 January 1986). "Perfil de un fundador". Pichilemu (in Spanish) (Pichilemu, Chile). p. 3. 
  8. ^ Saldías, Washington (7 June 2007). "Alcalde de Pichilemu, Jorge Vargas, definitivamente culpable del delito de cohecho" [Mayo of Pichilemu, Jorge Vargas, definitely guilty of the crime of bribery]. Pichilemu News (in Spanish) (Pichilemu, Chile). Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Arraño Acevedo, José (2003). Hombres y Cosas de Pichilemu [People and Stuff from Pichilemu] (in Spanish). Pichilemu, Chile: Editora El Promaucae. p. 28. 
  10. ^ "Municipales: Lo que hay que saber de alcaldes y concejales" (in Spanish). Library of the National Congress of Chile. 12 June 2008. Archived from the original on 23 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Elecciones municipales". Icarito (in Spanish). Santiago, Chile: Copesa. 28 August 2012. Archived from the original on 23 March 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Riffo, José Luis (10 June 2008). "Los deberes de un alcalde" (in Spanish). Library of the National Congress of Chile. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. 
  13. ^ a b Moreira, Julio César (27 August 1999). "Licencia falsa: pena de 541 días a alcalde de Pichilemu". El Mercurio (in Spanish) (Rancagua, Chile). Retrieved 22 March 2013. "En un fallo de primera instancia, el titular del Juzgado de Letras de Pichilemu, Mario Madariaga, condenó a 541 días de pena remitida al alcalde de este balneario, Jorge Vargas González (DC), por otorgar en forma ilegal una licencia de conducir." ("In a court ruling, the judge of the Civil Court of Pichilemu, Mario Madariaga, sentenced to 541 days of pena remitida to the mayor of this beach resort, Jorge Vargas González (Christian Democrat), for illegally giving a driver's license.")" 
  14. ^ Arraño Acevedo, José (1990) [First published 1980]. "José María Caro Martínez, Primer Alcalde de Pichilemu". In Saldías, Antonio. Pichilemu: mis fuentes de información (in Spanish). Pichilemu, Chile: Editora El Promaucae. pp. 138–140. 
  15. ^ "Texto refundido de la Ley de Organización y Atribuciones de las Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Library of the National Congress of Chile. 4 December 1945. Archived from the original on 23 March 2013. 
  16. ^ Altman, David (2004). "Redibujando el mapa electoral chileno: incidencia de factores socioeconómicos y género en las urnas". Revista de ciencia política (in Spanish) (Pontifical Catholic University of Chile) 24 (2): 49–66. doi:10.4067/S0718-090X2004000200003. ISSN 0718-090X. Archived from the original on 23 March 2013. 
  17. ^ a b c Saldías, Washington (12 December 2008). "Pichilemu tiene un nuevo alcalde en la persona de Roberto Córdova Carreño". Pichilemu News (in Spanish) (Pichilemu, Chile). Archived from the original on 15 March 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2011. 
  18. ^ a b c "Luis Antonio Barahona Fornés". Reseñas Biográficas Parlamentarias (in Spanish). Library of the National Congress of Chile. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  19. ^ a b c d Rojas Pavez, Carlos; Larravide Blanco, Miguel; Arraño Acevedo, José Santos (29 February 1944). "Elecciones municipales". Pichilemu (in Spanish) (Pichilemu, Chile). p. 3. 
  20. ^ Rojas Pavez, Carlos; Larravide Blanco, Miguel; Arraño Acevedo, José Santos (28 March 1944). "Partido Liberal: Electores de Pichilemu". Pichilemu (in Spanish) (Pichilemu, Chile). p. 2. "Estos hombres son: ARMANDO CAROCA R., ya radicado en Pichilemu más de 20 años, quien en varias ocasiones ha demostrado su afecto a este pueblo con diversas obras de bien úblico que se deben a su iniciativa. Siempre se ha preocupado del buen estado de los caminos por tener vinculaciones comerciales en distintos puntos de la comuna. Las salinas, el comercio y la agricultura, han sido los principales ramos de sus actividades comerciales y por lo tanto será una defensa para todos los que se dediquen a estas actividades. [...] Por patriotismo. Por amor a vuestro pueblo. Por el bien colectivo de la comuna, sin importarles el color político. VOTAD, el domingo 2 de abril, por: Armando Caroca R., Julio Magnolfi L., Carlos Silva P., Juan Polanco V. y Marina López G." 
  21. ^ Klimpel Alvarado, Felícitas (1962). La mujer chilena: el aporte femenino al progreso de Chile, 1910-1960. Santiago, Chile: Editorial Andrés Bello. p. 116. "Regidoras.—En el período 1950-1953, fueron elegidas 69 Regidoras y de ellas, fueron alcaldesas las siguientes: (...) Independientes: Olga Maturana Espinoza (Pichilemu), y Celia Urrutia Prieto (Bulnes)." 
  22. ^ "Comuna de Pichilemu". El Cóndor (in Spanish) (Santa Cruz, Chile). 30 March 1963. pp. 6, 15. "I. Partido Conservador Unido. 16. Basilio Sánchez Beguiristain" 
  23. ^ a b c Saldías, Washington (7 February 2011). "Ex camionero, codueño de la quinta "Costa Azul" y ex regidor Francisco Lorca Espinoza falleció". Pichilemu News (Pichilemu, Chile). Archived from the original on 19 May 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  24. ^ "Otros alcaldes de las comunas del Depto.". El Cóndor (Santa Cruz, Chile). 20 May 1967. p. 5. "EN PICHILEMU. La Municipalidad de Pichilemu eligió alcalde al Radical, Carlos Rojas; primer regidor el socialista Washington Saldías y segundo regidor el Nacional, Flavio Alvarez." 
  25. ^ "Designa alcalde suplente en la Municipalidad de Pichilemu a don René Maturana Maldonado" (in Spanish). Library of the National Congress of Chile. 7 February 1985. Archived from the original on 23 March 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  26. ^ "Designa alcalde titular de la comuna de Pichilemu" (in Spanish). Library of the National Congress of Chile. 10 February 1990. Archived from the original on 23 March 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2013. "Nómbrase a contar de esta fecha Alcalde titular de la I. Municipalidad de Pichilemu grado 7 de la Escala Unica Municipal, a don René Gabriel Maturana Maldonado. La persona designada por razones de buen servicio deberá asumir sus funciones el día 16 de octubre de 1989." ("Be named from now on Mayor of the Illustrious Municipality of Pichilemu, seventh grade in the unique municipal scale, Mr. René Gabriel Maturana Maldonado. The person, appointed for good service reasons, may assume his functions on 16 October 1989.")" 
  27. ^ "Votación Candidatos por Comuna Pichilemu Municipales 1992" (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior of Chile. Archived from the original on 1 March 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2010. 
  28. ^ a b c d e f g "Listado de candidaturas Municipales 2004" (Text file) (in Spanish). Servicio Electoral. 2004. Archived from the original on 17 June 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2010. 
  29. ^ "Juzgado halló culpable de cohecho a alcalde de Pichilemu". Radio Cooperativa. 28 March 2006. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  30. ^ Saldías, Washington (24 March 2006). "El administrador municipal Francisco Vidal asumió la alcaldía". Pichilemu News (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 9 June 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  31. ^ a b "21 alcaldes destituidos y 11 investigados por irregularidades y abusos en su gestión". El Mercurio (in Spanish). 6 April 2008. Retrieved 22 March 2013. "El primero en caer fue Jorge Vargas González (DC), sentenciado a 540 días de presidio por presentar testigos falsos en un proceso de cohecho, en el que también fue condenado." ("The first one to be caught was Jorge Vargas González (Christian Democrat), who was sentenced to 540 days jailed for bringing 'fake witnesses' in a bribery case, for which he also was sentenced.") "Víctor Rojas (DC), quien reemplazó a Vargas, se encuentra inhabilitado desde el 2007 y estuvo dos meses en prisión, tras ser formalizado por cohecho, fraude al fisco y asociación ilícita por la concesión de parquímetros en el período del anterior edil Jorge Vargas." ("Víctor Rojas (Christian Democrat), who replaced Vargas, was disabled from occupying public offices from 2007 and was two months jailed, after being formalized for bribery, tax fraud and illegal association for the concession of parking meter permissions during Jorge Vargas' tenure as mayor.")"  (subscription required)
  32. ^ Saldías, Washington (20 July 2007). "Renunció el alcalde Vargas a través de carta al concejo municipal de hoy: el gesto se esperaba hace tiempo". Pichilemu News (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  33. ^ a b c d Saldías, Washington (27 July 2007). "Comerciante es el nuevo alcalde de Pichilemu, electo hoy en la mañana: Víctor Rojas González". Pichilemu News (in Spanish) (Pichilemu, Chile). Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2010. 
  34. ^ "Victor Rojas, alcalde de Pichilemu, fue detenido por Carabineros". El Rancahuaso (in Spanish). 12 September 2007. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2010. 
  35. ^ "Alcalde de Pichilemu queda detenido por fraude al Fisco tras audiencia de 7 horas". De Colchagua (in Spanish). 13 September 2007. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  36. ^ Saldías, Washington (20 September 2007). ""Tenemos que ponerle el hombro para que esta comuna salga adelante", expresó alcalde subrogante Gustavo Parraguez". Pichilemu News (in Spanish). Pichilemu. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  37. ^ Saldías, Washington (30 October 2007). "Concejales de la Concertación no quieren elegir alcalde titular". Pichilemu News (in Spanish). Pichilemu. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  38. ^ a b Saldías, Washington (23 November 2007). "Alcalde suplente "habemus" tras una serie de reuniones abortadas". Pichilemu News (in Spanish). Pichilemu. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  39. ^ Saldías, Washington (15 October 2008). "Le llego la noche a Marcelo Cabrera Martínez en el caso Boletas Adulteradas y por cuyas acciones hay otros implicados". Pichilemu News (in Spanish). Pichilemu. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  40. ^ "Votación Candidatos por Comuna Pichilemu Alcaldes 2008" (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior of Chile. 2008. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  41. ^ Calderón, Félix (15 April 2008). "Fiscal Jorge Mena Ocares y el caso Boletas: "Pruebas y testigos son decisivos para encontrar la verdad del caso"". El Expreso de la Costa (in Spanish) (Pichilemu, Chile). p. 3. 
  42. ^ Saldías, Washington (3 June 2008). "Corte de apelaciones pone a alcalde suplente de Pichilemu en el cargo". Pichilemu News (in Spanish) (Pichilemu, Chile). Archived from the original on 26 August 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  43. ^ Saldías, Washington (29 September 2008). "Novedades en el municipio en las últimas horas del alcalde suplente". Pichilemu News (in Spanish) (Pichilemu, Chile). Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  44. ^ a b Saldías, Washington (12 November 2008). "Concejales eligieron al alcalde n° 10 –Hernán Garrido Salas– que para variar debe enfrentar juicio". Pichilemu News (in Spanish) (Pichilemu, Chile). Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  45. ^ Saldías, Washington (6 December 2008). "Hoy en Pichilemu puede pasar cualquier cosa en instalación de nuevas autoridades comunales". Pichilemu News (in Spanish) (Pichilemu, Chile). Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  46. ^ a b Saldías, Washington (6 December 2008). "Con alcalde subrogante asumieron nuevas autoridades comunales por el período 2008–2012". Pichilemu News (in Spanish) (Pichilemu, Chile). Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
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  49. ^ "Alcalde de Pichilemu es removido de su cargo". Diario El Tipógrafo (in Spanish) (Rancagua, Chile). 19 August 2009. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2010. 
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  51. ^ Saldías, Washington (6 December 2012). "Alcalde Roberto Córdova -votado como tal- asumirá hoy junto al nuevo concejo municipal de Pichilemu". Pichilemu News (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 26 February 2013. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
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  53. ^ Saldías, Washington (12 August 2009). "Falleció ex alcalde de Pichilemu: René Maturana Maldonado". Pichilemu News (Pichilemu, Chile). Archived from the original on 23 March 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  54. ^ "Certificado de Nacimiento para Asignación Familiar — Carlos José Ramón Echazarreta Iñíguez" (PDF) (in Spanish). Civil Registry and Identification Service of Chile. 23 March 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  55. ^ a b "Archivos SERVEL, Inscritos Sexta Región Varones" (Text file) (in Spanish). Servicio Electoral. 2010. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  56. ^ "Certificado de Nacimiento para Asignación Familiar — José Lino Vargas Jorquera" (PDF) (in Spanish). Civil Registry and Identification Service of Chile. 20 April 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  57. ^ "Certificado de Nacimiento para Asignación Familiar — Gustavo Osvaldo Parraguez Galarce" (PDF) (in Spanish). Civil Registry and Identification Service of Chile. 23 March 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  58. ^ "Certificado de Nacimiento para Asignación Familiar — Orlando Cornejo Bustamante" (PDF) (in Spanish). Servicio de Registro Civil e Identificación de Chile. 23 March 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
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  61. ^ "Certificado de Nacimiento para Asignación Familiar — Víctor Manuel Rojas González" (PDF) (in Spanish). Civil Registry and Identification Service of Chile. 23 March 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
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