Mayor of Venice
|Mayor of Venice|
|Style||No courtesy, title or style|
|Residence||Dandolo Farsetti Palace|
|Appointer||Electorate of Venice|
|Term length||5 years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Daniele Renier (1806)|
Since 1993 the Mayor is elected directly by Venice's electorate: in all mayoral elections in Italy in cities with a population higher than 15,000 the voters express a direct choice for the mayor or an indirect choice voting for the party of the candidate's coalition. If no candidate receives at least 50% of votes, the top two candidates go to a second round after two weeks. The election of the City Council is based on a direct choice for the candidate with a preference vote: the candidate with the majority of the preferences is elected. The number of the seats for each party is determined proportionally.
- 1 Podestà
- 2 Mayors
- 3 Fascist Podestà
- 4 Democratic mayors
- 5 Elected mayors
- 6 Elections
- 7 References
- 1806-1811, Daniele Renier
- 1811-1816, Bartolomeo Gerolamo Gradenigo
- 1817-1818, Marco Molin
- 1818-1827, Francesco Calbo Crotta
- 1827-1834, Domenico Morosini
- 1834-1837, Giuseppe Boldù
- 1838-1857, Giovanni Correr
- 1857-1859, Alessandro Marcello
- 1860-1866, Pierluigi Bembo
In 1860, the nascent Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Venice (Sindaco di Venezia), chosen by the City council:
- 1866-1868, Giobatta Giustinian (Historical Right)
- 1868-1875, Giuseppe Giovanelli (Historical Right)
- 1870-1875, Antonio Fornoni (Historical Right)
- 1875-1878, Giobatta Giustinian (Historical Right)
- 1878-1888, Dante Di Serego Alighieri (Historical Right)
- 1888-1890, Lorenzo Tiepolo (Historical Right)
- 1890-1895, Riccardo Selvatico (Historical Left)
- 1895-1919, Filippo Grimani (Historical Right)
- 1919-1923, Davide Giordani (Nationalist Party)
- 1923-1929, Pietro Orsi
- 1929-1930, Ettore Zorzi
- 1930-1938, Mario Alverà
- 1938-1941, Giovanni Marcello
- 1941-1945, Giobatta dell'Armi
From 1945 to 1993, the Mayor of Venice was chosen by the City council:
|1||Giovanni Ponti||1945||1946||Christian democratic||CLN||none|
|2||Giovanni Battista Gianquinto||1946||1951||Communist||PCI - PSI||1946|
|3||Angelo Spanio||1951||1955||Christian democratic||DC||1951|
|4||Roberto Tognazzi||1955||1960||Christian democratic||DC||1956|
|5||Giovanni Favaretto Fisca||1960||1970||Christian democratic||DC (1960–64)
DC - PSI - PSDI (1964–70)
|6||Giorgio Longo||1970||1975||Christian democratic||DC - PSI - PSDI||1970|
|7||Mario Rigo||1975||1985||Socialist||PSI - PCI (1975–80)
PSI - PCI - PRI (1980–85)
|8||Nereo Laroni||1985||1987||Socialist||PSI - PCI - PRI - Greens||1985|
|9||Antonio Casellati||1987||1990||Republican||PSI - PCI - PRI - Greens||-|
|10||Ugo Bergamo||1990||1993||Christian democratic||DC - PSI - PRI - PSDI||1990|
Since 1993, under provisions of new local administration law, the Mayor of Venice is chosen by popular election, originally every four, and since 2000 every five years:
|11||Massimo Cacciari||5 December 1993||25 January 2000||Democratic Party of the Left||PDS - PPI - Greens (1993–97)
The Olive Tree (1997-00)
|12||Paolo Costa||30 April 2000||25 April 2005||Italian People's Party||The Olive Tree||2000|
|(11)||Massimo Cacciari||25 April 2005||30 March 2010||Democratic Party||The Olive Tree||2005|
|13||Giorgio Orsoni||30 March 2010||incumbent||Democratic Party||PD - PRC - Greens||2010|
Mayoral and Council election, 1993
The election took place in two rounds: the first on 21 November and the second on 5 December.
For the first time under the new electoral law citizens could vote directly the mayor; before this choice was made by the City Council. For the first time in the municipal political history there weren't parties like Christian Democracy, Italian Socialist Party or Italian Communist Party: the main parties were the newborn separatist Lega Nord and the Alliance of Progressives, composed by center-left parties.
The main candidates were Massimo Cacciari and Aldo Mariconda. However there were a lot of others candidates from different parties.
On 5 December 1993, Cacciari won the election and became the first elected mayor of Venice.
|Venice Mayoral Election Results 1993|
|%||2nd Round (%)
|Massimo Cacciari||Democratic Party of the Left||89.048||42,3||56,4|
|Aldo Mariconda||Lega Nord||55.816||26,5||44,6|
Mayoral and Council election, 1997
The election took place on 16 November.
|Venice Mayoral Election Results 1997|
|Massimo Cacciari||Democratic Party of the Left||116.751||64,6|
|Mauro Pizzigati||Forza Italia||37.436||20,7|
Mayoral and Council election, 2000
The election took place in two rounds: the first on 16 April and the second on 30 April.
The snap election was held in April 2000 because in January of the same year the incumbent mayor Massimo Cacciari lost his majority in the City Council and couldn't approve the municipal economic balance, so he resigned.
|Venice Mayoral Election Results 2000|
|Paolo Costa||Italian People's Party||62.755||37,7||68.229||56,0|
|Renato Brunetta||Forza Italia||64.956||39,0||53.686||44,0|
Mayoral and Council election, 2005
These elections were held on two separate dates: the first round on 3 and 4 April 2005, the second round on 17 and 18 April 2005.
The candidates were in total eleven, but only four were supported by political parties (all the others were supported by civic lists): Massimo Cacciari, which were supported by the center-left party The Daisy, Felice Casson, who was supported by a broad center-left coalition, Cesare Campa, who was supported by Forza Italia and Union of Christian and Centre Democrats, and Alberto Mazzonetto, who was supported by Lega Nord.
In the second round went Massimo Cacciari, who represented the moderate left, and Felice Casson, who represented some of the extreme left parties. Despite the first round had a lot of votes, Casson lost because many of the center-right voters voted for Cacciari.
|Venice Mayoral Election Results 2005|
|Massimo Cacciari||Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy||37.488||23,2||64.315||50,5|
|Felice Casson||Democrats of the Left||60.837||37,7||62.974||49,5|
|Cesare Campa||Forza Italia||32.726||20,7||-||-|
Mayoral and Council election, 2010
These elections were held on 28 and 29 March 2010.
There were nine candidates (two supported by important coalition and seven supported by differents civic lists); the most important candidates were Giorgio Orsoni and the minister Renato Brunetta, who tried for a second time to become the mayor (in fact he was candidate for this position in 2000). Giorgio Orsoni was supported by a center-left coalition formed by Democratic Party, Italy of Values, Union of Christian and Centre Democrats, Communist Refoundation Party and the Italian Socialist Party, Renato Brunetta was supported by a center-right coalition formed by The People of Freedom and Lega Nord.
Orsoni won the election in the first round making did not go to vote for a possible second round, as it has happened in the elections of 2000 and of 2005.
|Venice Mayoral Election Results 2010 |
|Giorgio Orsoni||Democratic Party||75.403||51,1|
|Renato Brunetta||People of Freedom||62.833||42,6|
|Venice Council Election 2010 - Parties |
|Center-left (Orsoni)||65,692||51.3||28||Democratic Party
Italy of Values
Union of the Centre
Italian Socialist Party
Communist Refoundation Party
Civic List (1)
|Center-right (Brunetta)||54,356||42.4||16||People of Freedom
Civic Lists (3)