Mayor of Venice

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Mayor of Venice
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Venice.svg
Incumbent
Giorgio Orsoni

since 30 March 2010
Style No courtesy, title or style
Residence Dandolo Farsetti Palace
Appointer Electorate of Venice
Term length 5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Daniele Renier (1806)
Succession March–April 2015
Deputy Sandro Simionato
Website [4]

The Mayor of Venice is an elected politician who, along with the Venice’s City Council of 45 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Venice in northern Italy.

Since 1993 the Mayor is elected directly by Venice's electorate: in all mayoral elections in Italy in cities with a population higher than 15,000 the voters express a direct choice for the mayor or an indirect choice voting for the party of the candidate's coalition. If no candidate receives at least 50% of votes, the top two candidates go to a second round after two weeks. The election of the City Council is based on a direct choice for the candidate with a preference vote: the candidate with the majority of the preferences is elected. The number of the seats for each party is determined proportionally.

Since 30 March 2010, Giorgio Orsoni is the Mayor of Venice. Previously, the position was held by Massimo Cacciari from April 2005 until his succession by Orsoni.

Ca'Loredan - Venice's City Hall.

Podestà[edit]

Podestà of Venice were appointed since 1806 to 1866 by the rulers of the city during the during the early- to mid-19th century: Napoleon and the Habsburgs.

  • 1806-1811, Daniele Renier
  • 1811-1816, Bartolomeo Gerolamo Gradenigo
  • 1817-1818, Marco Molin
  • 1818-1827, Francesco Calbo Crotta
  • 1827-1834, Domenico Morosini
  • 1834-1837, Giuseppe Boldù
  • 1838-1857, Giovanni Correr
  • 1857-1859, Alessandro Marcello
  • 1860-1866, Pierluigi Bembo

Mayors[edit]

In 1860, the nascent Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Venice (Sindaco di Venezia), chosen by the City council:

Fascist Podestà[edit]

The Fascist dictatorship abolished mayors and City councils in 1926, replacing them with an authoritarian Podestà chosen by the National Fascist Party:

  • 1923-1929, Pietro Orsi
  • 1929-1930, Ettore Zorzi
  • 1930-1938, Mario Alverà
  • 1938-1941, Giovanni Marcello
  • 1941-1945, Giobatta dell'Armi

Democratic mayors[edit]

From 1945 to 1993, the Mayor of Venice was chosen by the City council:

# Name Start
year
End
year
Party Coalition Elections
1 Giovanni Ponti 1945 1946 Christian democratic CLN none
2 Giovanni Battista Gianquinto 1946 1951 Communist PCI - PSI 1946
3 Angelo Spanio 1951 1955 Christian democratic DC 1951
4 Roberto Tognazzi 1955 1960 Christian democratic DC 1956
5 Giovanni Favaretto Fisca 1960 1970 Christian democratic DC (1960-64)
DC - PSI - PSDI (1964-70)
1960, 1964
6 Giorgio Longo 1970 1975 Christian democratic DC - PSI - PSDI 1970
7 Mario Rigo 1975 1985 Socialist PSI - PCI (1975-80)
PSI - PCI - PRI (1980-85)
1975, 1980
8 Nereo Laroni 1985 1987 Socialist PSI - PCI - PRI - Greens 1985
9 Antonio Casellati 1987 1990 Republican PSI - PCI - PRI - Greens -
10 Ugo Bergamo 1990 1993 Christian democratic DC - PSI - PRI - PSDI 1990

Elected mayors[edit]

Since 1993, under provisions of new local administration law, the Mayor of Venice is chosen by popular election, originally every four, and since 2000 every five years:

# Name Start
year
End
year
Party Coalition Elections
11 Massimo Cacciari 5 December 1993 25 January 2000[1] Democratic Party of the Left PDS - PPI - Greens (1993-97)
The Olive Tree (1997-00)
1993
1997
12 Paolo Costa 30 April 2000 25 April 2005 Italian People's Party The Olive Tree 2000
(11) Massimo Cacciari 25 April 2005 30 March 2010 Democracy is Freedom - The Daisy
then Democratic Party
The Olive Tree 2005
13 Giorgio Orsoni 30 March 2010 incumbent Democratic Party PD - PRC - Greens 2010

Elections[edit]

Mayoral and Council election, 1993[edit]

The election took place in two rounds: the first on 21 November and the second on 5 December.

For the first time under the new electoral law citizens could vote directly the mayor; before this choice was made by the City Council. For the first time in the municipal political history there weren't parties like Christian Democracy, Italian Socialist Party or Italian Communist Party: the main parties were the newborn separatist Lega Nord and the Alliance of Progressives, composed by center-left parties.

The main candidates were Massimo Cacciari and Aldo Mariconda. However there were a lot of others candidates from different parties.

On 5 December 1993, Cacciari won the election and became the first elected mayor of Venice.

Venice Mayoral Election Results 1993
Name Party 1st Round
(21 November)
 % 2nd Round (%)
(5 December)
Massimo Cacciari Democratic Party of the Left 89.048 42,3 56,4
Aldo Mariconda Lega Nord 55.816 26,5 44,6

Mayoral and Council election, 1997[edit]

The election took place on 16 November.

The main candidates were the outgoing mayor Massimo Cacciari, supported by Romano Prodi's coalition The Olive Tree, and Mauro Pizzigati, supported by Silvio Berlusconi's party Forza Italia.

Venice Mayoral Election Results 1997
Name Party 1st Round
(16 November)
 %
Massimo Cacciari Democratic Party of the Left 116.751 64,6
Mauro Pizzigati Forza Italia 37.436 20,7

Mayoral and Council election, 2000[edit]

The election took place in two rounds: the first on 16 April and the second on 30 April.

The snap election was held in April 2000 because in January of the same year the incumbent mayor Massimo Cacciari lost his majority in the City Council and couldn't approve the municipal economic balance, so he resigned.

The main candidates were two: Paolo Costa and Renato Brunetta.

Venice Mayoral Election Results 2000[2]
Name Party 1st Round
(16 April)
 % 2nd Round
(30 April)
 %
Paolo Costa Italian People's Party 62.755 37,7 68.229 56,0
Renato Brunetta Forza Italia 64.956 39,0 53.686 44,0

Mayoral and Council election, 2005[edit]

These elections were held on two separate dates: the first round on 3 and 4 April 2005, the second round on 17 and 18 April 2005.

The candidates were in total eleven, but only four were supported by political parties (all the others were supported by civic lists): Massimo Cacciari, which were supported by the center-left party The Daisy, Felice Casson, who was supported by a broad center-left coalition, Cesare Campa, who was supported by Forza Italia and Union of Christian and Centre Democrats, and Alberto Mazzonetto, who was supported by Lega Nord.

In the second round went Massimo Cacciari, who represented the moderate left, and Felice Casson, who represented some of the extreme left parties. Despite the first round had a lot of votes, Casson lost because many of the center-right voters voted for Cacciari.

After two years, however, when Democrats of the Left and The Daisy merged into the Democratic Party, Cacciari had a majority even greater in the city council.

Venice Mayoral Election Results 2005[3]
Name Party 1st Round
(3–4 April)
 % 2nd Round
(17–18 April)
 %
Massimo Cacciari Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy 37.488 23,2 64.315 50,5
Felice Casson Democrats of the Left 60.837 37,7 62.974 49,5
Cesare Campa Forza Italia 32.726 20,7 - -

Mayoral and Council election, 2010[edit]

These elections were held on 28 and 29 March 2010.

There were nine candidates (two supported by important coalition and seven supported by differents civic lists); the most important candidates were Giorgio Orsoni and the minister Renato Brunetta, who tried for a second time to become the mayor (in fact he was candidate for this position in 2000). Giorgio Orsoni was supported by a center-left coalition formed by Democratic Party, Italy of Values, Union of Christian and Centre Democrats, Communist Refoundation Party and the Italian Socialist Party, Renato Brunetta was supported by a center-right coalition formed by The People of Freedom and Lega Nord.

Orsoni won the election in the first round making did not go to vote for a possible second round, as it has happened in the elections of 2000 and of 2005.

Venice Mayoral Election Results 2010 [4]
Name Party 1st Round
(28–29 March)
 %
Giorgio Orsoni Democratic Party 75.403 51,1
Renato Brunetta People of Freedom 62.833 42,6
Venice Council Election 2010 - Parties [4]
Coalition votes  % seats Party votes  % seats
Center-left (Orsoni) 65,692 51.3 28 Democratic Party
Italy of Values
Union of the Centre
Greens
Italian Socialist Party
Communist Refoundation Party
Civic List (1)
37,027
8,628
5,824
4,816
4,800
4,244
353
28.9
6.7
4.5
3.8
3.7
3.3
0.3
17
4
2
2
2
1
-
Center-right (Brunetta) 54,356 42.4 16 People of Freedom
Lega Nord
Pensioner's Party
Civic Lists (3)
29,179
14,297
688
10,192
22.8
11.2
0.5
7.9
10
4
-
2

References[edit]

  1. ^ Resigned.
  2. ^ [1] Venice City Hall - Website - 2000.
  3. ^ [2] Italian Ministry of the Interior - 2005.
  4. ^ a b [3] Italian Ministry of the Interior - 2010.