Mayor of Milan
|Mayor of Milan
Sindaco di Milano
|Style||No courtesy, title or style|
|Appointer||Electorate of Milan|
|Term length||5 years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Antonio Durini|
|Formation||8 November 1807|
|Deputy||Ada Lucia De Cesaris|
The Mayor of Milan (Italian: Sindaco di Milano) is an elected politician who, along with the Milan’s City Council of 48 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Milan in northern Italy. The title is the equivalent of Lord Mayor in the meaning of an actual executive leader.
- 1 Overview
- 2 List of Mayors of Milan
- 3 Elections
- 3.1 City Council election, 1946
- 3.2 City Council election, 1951
- 3.3 City Council election, 1956
- 3.4 City Council election, 1960
- 3.5 City Council election, 1964
- 3.6 City Council election, 1970
- 3.7 City Council election, 1975
- 3.8 City Council election, 1980
- 3.9 City Council election, 1985
- 3.10 City Council election, 1990
- 3.11 Mayoral and Council election, 1993
- 3.12 Mayoral and Council election, 1997
- 3.13 Mayoral and Council election, 2001
- 3.14 Mayoral and Council election, 2006
- 3.15 Mayoral and Council election, 2011
- 4 See also
- 5 References
According to the Italian Constitution, the Mayor of Milan is member of the Milan's City Council. Although the title Mayor is not held by the heads of the nine boroughs of Milan, because they do not actually preside over self-governmental municipalities.
The Mayor is elected by the population of Milan. Citizens elect also the members of the City Council, which also controls Mayor's policy guidelines and is able to enforce his resignation by a motion of no confidence. The Mayor is entitled to appoint and release the members of his government.
Since 1993 the Mayor is elected directly by Milan's electorate: in all mayoral elections in Italy in cities with a population higher than 15,000 the voters express a direct choice for the mayor or an indirect choice voting for the party of the candidate's coalition. If no candidate receives at least 50% of votes, the top two candidates go to a second round after two weeks. The election of the City Council is based on a direct choice for the candidate with a preference vote: the candidate with the majority of the preferences is elected. The number of the seats for each party is determined proportionally.
List of Mayors of Milan
- 1807-1814 — Antonio Durini
- 1814-1820 — Giovanni Cesare Giulini Della Porta
- 1820-1827 — Carlo Villa
- 1827-1837 — Antonio Durini
- 1837-1848 — Gabrio Casati
- 1848-1849 — Franz Graf von Wimpffen (military dictatorship)
- 1849-1856 — Antonio Pestalozza
- 1856-1859 — Giuseppe Sebregondi
- 1859-1860 — Luigi Barbiano di Belgioioso
Kingdom of Italy (1860-1946)
|Mayor||Term start||Term end||Party|
|1||Antonio Beretta||26 January 1860||13 February 1867||Historical Right|
|2||Giulio Belinzaghi||13 February 1867||25 April 1884||Historical Right|
|3||Gaetano Negri||25 April 1884||21 November 1889||Historical Right|
|(2)||Giulio Belinzaghi||21 November 1889||28 September 1892||Historical Right|
|4||Giuseppe Vigoni||28 September 1892||18 September 1899||Historical Right|
|5||Giuseppe Mussi||18 September 1899||16 September 1903||Historical Left|
|6||Giambattista Barinetti||16 September 1903||7 February 1905||Historical Left|
|7||Ettore Ponti||7 February 1905||11 May 1909||Historical Right|
|8||Bassano Gabba||11 May 1909||30 January 1911||Historical Right|
|9||Emanuele Greppi||30 January 1911||30 June 1914||Italian Liberal Party|
|10||Emilio Caldara||30 June 1914||20 November 1920||Italian Socialist Party|
|11||Angelo Filippetti||20 November 1920||30 December 1922||Italian Socialist Party|
|12||Luigi Mangiagalli||30 December 1922||19 August 1926||Italian Liberal Party|
|Fascist Podestà (1926-1945)|
|1||Ernesto Belloni||19 August 1926||6 September 1928||National Fascist Party|
|2||Giuseppe De Capitani d'Arzago||6 September 1928||20 November 1929||National Fascist Party|
|3||Marcello Visconti di Modrone||20 November 1929||19 November 1935||National Fascist Party|
|4||Guido Pesenti||19 November 1935||13 June 1938||National Fascist Party|
|5||Gian Giacomo Gallarati Scotti||13 June 1938||14 October 1943||National Fascist Party|
|6||Piero Parini||14 October 1943||4 May 1944||Republican Fascist Party|
|7||Guido Andreoni||4 May 1944||13 September 1944||Republican Fascist Party|
|8||Giuseppe Spinelli||13 September 1944||23 January 1945||Republican Fascist Party|
|9||Mario Colombo||23 January 1945||25 April 1945||Republican Fascist Party|
|13||Antonio Greppi||25 April 1945||7 April 1946||Italian Socialist Party|
Republic of Italy (1946-present)
From 1946 to 1993, the Mayor of Milan was chosen by the City council.
|Mayor||Term start||Term end||Party||Coalition|
|1||Antonio Greppi||7 April 1946||25 June 1951||Italian Socialist Party||PSI - PCI - DC|
|2||Virgilio Ferrari||25 June 1951||21 January 1961||Italian Democratic Socialist Party||DC - PSDI|
|3||Gino Cassinis||21 January 1961||17 February 1964||Italian Democratic Socialist Party||DC - PSDI - PSI|
|4||Pietro Bucalossi||17 February 1964||16 November 1967||Italian Democratic Socialist Party||DC - PSDI - PSI|
|5||Aldo Aniasi||16 November 1967||12 May 1976||Italian Socialist Party||DC - PSDI - PSI (1967–75)
PSI - PCI (1975–76)
|6||Carlo Tognoli||12 May 1976||21 December 1986||Italian Socialist Party||PSI - PCI|
|7||Paolo Pillitteri||21 December 1986||18 January 1992||Italian Socialist Party||PSI - DC (1986–87)
PSI - PCI - Greens (1987–92)
|8||Gianpietro Borghini||21 January 1992||20 June 1993||Italian Socialist Party||PSI - DC|
Since 1993, under provisions of new local administration law, the Mayor of Milan is chosen by popular election, originally every four, and later every five years.
|Mayor of Milan||Took office||Left office||Party||Coalition|
|9||Marco Formentini||20 June 1993||11 May 1997||Lega Nord||LN
20 June 1993 – 11 May 1997
|10||Gabriele Albertini||11 May 1997||1 June 2006||Forza Italia||FI - AN - CCD
11 May 1997 – 1 June 2001
|FI - AN - UDC
1 June 2001 – 1 June 2006
|11||Letizia Moratti||1 June 2006||1 June 2011||Forza Italia then
People of Freedom
|PDL - LN - UDC
1 June 2006 - 1 June 2011
|12||Giuliano Pisapia||1 June 2011||incumbent||Left Ecology Freedom||PD - SEL - PRC
since 1 June 2011
City Council election, 1946
The first democratic election after the fall of fascism took place on April 7, 1946.
After the defeat of the Nazis forces on April 25, 1945, Socialist politician Antonio Greppi had been appointed as Provisional Mayor by the National Liberation Committee under approval of the United Nations military government. When the authority of the Italian government was restored on January 1, 1946, local elections were called in Northern Italy.
Proportional representation and Westminster system were the principles chosen to restore municipal democracy in Italy. After the clear Socialist victory, Antonio Greppi was confirmed mayor by the new City Council, and an executive board of municipal unity was formed: the alliance between PSI, DC and PCI ruled Milan as it ruled Italy at time.
|Italian Socialist Party||225,383||36.2||29|
|Italian Communist Party||155,140||24.9||20|
|National Democratic Union||45,864||7.3||6|
|Italian Republican Party-Action Party||19,168||3.1||2|
|Local Traders List||9,931||1.6||1|
City Council election, 1951
The second post-war election took place on May 27, 1951.
Political situation had deeply changed during the previous five years. A new social-democratic party had broken away from the Socialist Party, and the alliances of anti-fascist unity had ended both at national and at local level. The Communist Party had left the administration of Milan in 1949, as the remaining Socialist Party had moved to a position of abstention. Antonio Greppi had joined the Social-democratic group and formed a new alliance with the DC, the PLI and the PRI.
In 1951 Alcide De Gasperi's government changed the local electoral law to a block voting system, to ensure the leadership of its local administrations: two thirds of the seats would be ensured to the winning coalition, abolishing the proportional representation.
The national government coalition obtained an absolute majority with a 53% of suffrages, which was changed into a 66% of seats by the electoral law. However Greppi, who had unsuccessfully called for a coalition of Socialist unity between the PSDI and the PSI, was fired by the DC. Virgilio Ferrari, a Social-democratic activist, so became the new mayor.
|Coalitions and parties||Votes||%||+/-||Seats||+/-|
|Italian Democratic Socialist Party||111,185||14.3||N/A||15||1|
|Italian Liberal Party||49,299||6.4||0.9||6||=|
|Italian Republican Party||13,069||1.7||1.4||2||=|
|Popular Democratic Front||291,796||37.8||N/A||21||15|
|Italian Communist Party||179,894||23.3||1.6||13||7|
|Italian Socialist Party||109,097||14.1||22.1||8||7|
|Others (civic list)||2,805||0.4||1.2||=||1|
|Italian Social Movement||50,454||6.5||6.5||4||4|
|Monarchist National Party||23,956||3.0||3.0||2||2|
City Council election, 1956
The election took place on May 27, 1956.
For this election there was a different electoral law: after Alcide De Gasperi's government had retired in 1953 the 1951-electoral law based on a block voting system, the previous electoral law was restored.
Christian Democracy obtained the 30% of suffrages, while the Italian Socialist Party the 20% of the votes gaining 6% more than the 1951-election. Virgilio Ferrari was confirmed mayor by the majority of the City Council.
|Italian Socialist Party||173,813||20.1||6.0||16||8|
|Italian Communist Party||158,818||18.3||5.0||15||2|
|Italian Socialist Democratic Party||103,175||11.9||2.4||10||5|
|Italian Liberal Party||53,501||6.3||0.1||5||1|
|Italian Social Movement||50,827||5.9||0.6||4||=|
|Monarchist National Party||35,171||4.1||1.1||3||1|
|Italian Republican Party||13,407||1.2||0.5||=||2|
|Others (civc list)||15,721||2.0||1.6||2||2|
Sunday, May 27, 1956. Source: La Stampa
City Council election, 1960
The election took place on November 6, 1960.
This election was anticipated by the effect of a new law which ordered a new 4 years-term legislature.
|Italian Socialist Party||199,728||20.7||0.6||17||1|
|Italian Communist Party||195,521||20.3||2.0||17||2|
|Italian Socialist Democratic Party||101,703||10.5||1.4||8||2|
|Italian Liberal Party||78,488||8.4||2.2||6||1|
|Italian Social Movement||63,156||6.5||0.6||5||1|
|Monarchist National Party||24,858||2.3||1.8||2||1|
|Italian Republican Party||10,201||1.1||0.1||=||=|
|Others (civc list)||2,513||0.3||1.7||=||2|
Sunday, November 6, 1960. Source: La Stampa
City Council election, 1964
The election took place on November 22, 1964.
Christian Democracy obtained the 24% of suffrages, while the Italian Socialist Party the 15% of the votes, losing a lot of votes and becoming the fourth party. However Pietro Bucalossi (PSDI), who succeeded Cassinis in January, was confirmed mayor by the majority of the City Council.
|Italian Communist Party||236,013||21.9||1.6||18||1|
|Italian Liberal Party||226,895||21.1||13.0||17||11|
|Italian Socialist Party||171,334||15.9||4.8||13||4|
|Italian Democratic Socialist Party||90,790||8.4||2.1||7||1|
|Italian Social Movement||54,011||5.0||1.5||4||1|
|Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity||22,022||2.0||2.0||1||1|
|Monarchist National Party||10,000||0.9||1.4||=||2|
|Others (civc list)||6,613||0.6||0.3||=||=|
Sunday, November 22, 1964. Source: La Stampa
City Council election, 1970
The election took place on June 7, 1970.
This election took place after six years from the last and simultaneously with the first regional elections of Lombardy.
|Italian Communist Party||254,069||22.8||0.9||19||1|
|Italian Socialist Party||157,200||14.1||1.8||12||1|
|Italian Liberal Party||123,082||11.1||10.0||9||8|
|Italian Democratic Socialist Party||116,202||10.4||2.0||8||1|
|Italian Social Movement||74,395||6.7||1.7||4||=|
|Italian Republican Party||53,745||4.8||4.8||4||4|
|Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity||33,216||3.0||1.0||2||1|
|Monarchist National Party||8,009||0.7||0.2||=||=|
Sunday, June 7, 1970. Source: La Stampa
City Council election, 1975
The election took place on June 15, 1975.
Similarly to the national vote, the Italian Communist Party became for the first time in the history the first party with the 30% of the votes. This extraordinary result led to the birth of the first red-giunta in the history of the city: the new coalition was formed by the leftist Socialist and Communist Party, while Aldo Aniasi was reconfirmed mayor by the majority of the City Council. However, in 1976 the socialist Carlo Tognoli was elected new mayor.
The fascist Italian Social Movement became the fourth party with the 7% of the votes.
|Italian Communist Party||354,603||30.4||7.6||25||6|
|Italian Socialist Party||172,558||14.8||0.7||12||=|
|Italian Social Movement||84,087||7.2||0.5||6||2|
|Italian Democratic Socialist Party||73,889||6.3||4.1||5||3|
|Italian Republican Party||70,050||6.0||1.2||4||=|
|Italian Liberal Party||53,617||4.6||7.1||3||6|
Sunday, June 15, 1975. Source: La Stampa
City Council election, 1980
The election took place on June 8, 1980.
For the second time the Italian Communist Party was the first party with the 26% of the votes. Carlo Tognoli was reconfirmed as mayor.
|Italian Communist Party||284,329||26.5||3.9||22||3|
|Italian Socialist Party||210,504||19.6||4.9||16||4|
|Italian Social Movement||70,767||6.6||0.6||5||1|
|Italian Liberal Party||65,428||6.1||1.5||5||2|
|Italian Democratic Socialist Party||53,036||4.9||1.4||4||1|
|Italian Republican Party||47,522||4.4||1.6||3||1|
|Proletarian Party for the Communism||16,395||1.5||1.5||1||1|
Sunday, June 8, 1980. Source: La Stampa
City Council election, 1985
The election took place on May 12, 1985.
Another time the Italian Communist Party was narrowly confirmed as the first party in the city with the 24% of the votes. Carlo Tognoli was reconfirmed for the first time as mayor but by a new center-left coalition, composed by Christian Democracy and the Italian Socialist Party.
|Italian Communist Party||266,259||24.9||1.6||21||1|
|Italian Socialist Party||211,372||19.8||0.2||16||=|
|Italian Republican Party||105,796||9.9||5.5||8||5|
|Italian Social Movement||81,873||7.7||1.1||6||1|
|Italian Liberal Party||37,662||3.5||2.6||3||2|
|Italian Democratic Socialist Party||31,811||3.0||1.9||2||2|
|Federation of the Greens||27,533||2.6||2.6||2||2|
Sunday, May 12, 1985. Source: La Stampa
City Council election, 1990
The election took place on May 6, 1990.
Christian Democracy became the first party in the city with the 20% of the votes. The newborn regionalist party Lega Nord became the fourth party with the 13% of the votes. The socialist Paolo Pillitteri was reconfirmed as mayor.
|Italian Communist Party||194,264||19.6||5.0||16||5|
|Italian Socialist Party||192,145||19.4||0.4||16||=|
|Italian Republican Party||58,377||5.9||4.0||5||3|
|Federation of the Greens||41,986||4.2||1.6||3||1|
|Italian Social Movement||36,610||3.7||4.0||3||3|
Sunday, May 6, 1990. Source: La Stampa
Mayoral and Council election, 1993
The election took place in two rounds: the first on June 6 and the second on June 20.
For the first time under the new electoral law citizens could vote directly the mayor; before this choice was made by the City Council. For the first time in the municipal political history there weren't parties like Christian Democracy, Italian Socialist Party or Italian Communist Party: the main parties were the newborn separatist Lega Nord and the Alliance of Progressives, composed by center-left parties.
On June 20, 1993, Formentini won the election and became the first elected mayor of Milan and the first mayor from a conservative party since 1946.
|Milan Mayoral Election Results 1993|
|Marco Formentini||Lega Nord||346,425||38.8||452,732||57.1|
|Nando Dalla Chiesa||Alliance of Progressives||270,554||30.3||340,708||42.9|
Mayoral and Council election, 1997
The election took place in two rounds: the first on April 27 and the second on May 11.
The main candidates were Gabriele Albertini, supported by Silvio Berlusconi's coalition Pole of Freedoms and by some Christian-democratic parties, and Aldo Fumagalli, supported by Romano Prodi's coalition The Olive Tree.
|Milan Mayoral Election Results 1997|
|Gabriele Albertini||Forza Italia||318,075||40.7||385,496||53.1|
|Aldo Fumagalli||Democratic Party of the Left||214,733||27.5||339,942||46.9|
Mayoral and Council election, 2001
The election took place on May 13, 2001.
The main candidates were the incumbent mayor Gabriele Albertini, supported by Silvio Berlusconi's center-right coalition, and Sandro Antoniazzi, supported by Francesco Rutelli's center-left coalition The Olive Tree.
|Milan Mayoral Election Results 2001|
|Gabriele Albertini||Forza Italia||495,938||57.5|
|Sandro Antoniazzi||Democrats of the Left||262,686||30.5|
Mayoral and Council election, 2006
The election took place on May 29–30, 2006.
Letizia Moratti won the election on the first round with the 52% of the votes and became the first female mayor of Milan.
|Milan Mayoral Election Results 2006|
|Letizia Moratti||Forza Italia||353,298||51.9|
|Bruno Ferrante||Democrats of the Left||319,823||47.0|
|Giorgio Maria Carlo Ballabio||Civic List "Your Milan"||1,329||0.2|
|Cesare Fracca||Civic List "Living Milan"||1,169||0.2|
|Gabriele Pagliuzzi||Liberal Right||1,187||0.1|
|Ambrogio Crespi||Liberal Democrats||1,086||0.1|
|Valerio Colombo||Humanist Party||752||0.1|
|Alberto Beniamino Saibene||Civic List "This is a City"||676||0.1|
|Sante Gaiardoni||Sante Gaiardoni List||523||0.1|
|Pietro Vangeli||Communist List||392||0.1|