List of mayors of New York City

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Mayors of New York)
Jump to: navigation, search
For a list of the Dutch Directors-General who governed New Amsterdam as part of New Netherland between 1625 and 1664, see Director-General of New Netherland. For a list of the Mayors of Brooklyn from 1834 to Brooklyn's consolidation into the City of New York in 1898, see History of Brooklyn.

The Mayor of New York City is the chief executive of the government of New York City, as stipulated by the Charter of the City of New York.

This list includes mayors who governed the city of New York at times when its territory was smaller than it is today. Before 1874, the city covered little or no land beyond the island of Manhattan, but later annexed territory in the area that formed the Borough of the Bronx in 1898. The city's consolidation in 1898 defined the current boundaries of the five boroughs: Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island. See History of New York City.

The current Mayor of New York City, (and 109th in the sequence of regular mayors), is Bill de Blasio, a Democrat.

During the Dutch colonial period from 1625 to 1664, New Amsterdam was governed by a Director-General. For the year prior to the establishment of the office of Mayor of New York in 1665, New York was run by Richard Nicolls, who was the British military governor of the Province of New York. Thomas Willett was the first person to be specifically appointed mayor.

Mayors were appointed by provincial governors until 1777 when a Council of Appointment was formed by New York State. In 1821 the New York City Council – then known as the Common Council – began appointing mayors. Since 1834 mayors have been elected by direct popular vote.

The longest-serving mayors so far have been Fiorello H. La Guardia (1934–1945), Robert F. Wagner, Jr. (1954–1965), Edward I. Koch (1978–1989), and Michael Bloomberg (2002–2013) each of whom was in office for twelve years (three successive 4-year terms). The shortest terms in office since 1834 have been those of acting mayors Thomas Coman (five weeks from Monday, November 30, 1868, to Monday, January 4, 1869) and Samuel B. H. Vance (one month from November 30 to December 31, 1874).

Although being Mayor of New York City has been described as the "second toughest job in America" after the Presidency,[1] and although several mayors – most recently John Lindsay and Rudolph Giuliani – have sought the Presidency, no one person has yet held both positions. Indeed no sitting or former mayor has been elected to another public office since Ardolph Loges Kline (acting mayor in late 1913) was re-elected Alderman in 1913 and later elected in 1920 to his only term in Congress. Neither has any mayor so far (out of more than a hundred) been female, nor has any except David Dinkins been non-white.

Mayors of the unconsolidated City[edit]

Appointed mayors[edit]

Before 1680, mayors served one-year terms. As of 1680, they served two-year terms. Exceptions are noted thus (*). A dagger (†) indicates mayoralties cut short by death in office. [When the same man served more than one continuous term, his name is lightly shaded purely for clarity, but the tints have no other significance.]

After 1820, the mayor was appointed by the city's Common Council. Peter Delanoy (1689–1691) was the only mayor elected by popular vote before 1834. (See Note 1 directly below this table).

no.[2] Name Starting year of Office Ending year of Office Political Party
1 Thomas Willett (1st term) 1665 1666
2 Thomas Delavall (1st term) 1666 1667
3 Thomas Willett (2nd term) 1667 1668
4 Cornelius Van Steenwyk (1st term) 1668 1671
5 Thomas Delavall (2nd term) 1671 1672
6 Matthias Nicoll 1672 1673
7 John Lawrence (1st term) 1673 1675
8 William Dervall 1675 October 17 1676 October 14
9 Nicholas De Mayer 1676 October 14 1677
10 Stephanus Van Cortlandt (1st term) 1677 1678
11 Thomas Delavall (3rd term) 1678 1679
12 Francis Rombouts 1679 1680
13 William Dyre 1680 October 30 1682
14 Cornelius Van Steenwyk (2nd term) 1682 1684
15 Gabriel Minvielle (*) 1684 1685
16 Nicholas Bayard (*) 1685 1686
17 Stephanus Van Cortlandt (2nd term) 1686 1688
18 Peter Delanoy 1 1689 1691
19 John Lawrence (2nd term *) 1691 May 1691 October
20 Abraham de Peyster 1691 October 1694
21 Charles Lodwik 1694 1695
22 William Merritt 1695 1698
23 Johannes de Peyster 1698 1699
24 David Provost 1699 1700
25 Isaac De Reimer 1700 1701
26 Thomas Noell 1701 1702
27 Phillip French 1702 1703
28 William Peartree 1703 1707
29 Ebenezer Wilson 1707 1710
30 Jacobus Van Cortlandt (1st term) 1710 1711
31 Caleb Heathcote 1711 1714
32 John Johnstone 1714 1719
33 Jacobus Van Cortlandt (2nd term) 1719 1720
34 Robert Walters 1720 1725
35 Johannes Jansen 1725 1726
36 Robert Lurting 1726 1735 †
37 Paul Richard 1735 1739
38 John Cruger 1739 1744 August 13 †
39 Stephen Bayard 1744 1747
40 Edward Holland 1747 1757 †
41 John Cruger, Jr. 1757 1766
42 Whitehead Hicks 1766 1776
43 David Matthews 1776 1783
44 James Duane 1784 1789
45 Richard Varick 1789 1801
46 Edward Livingston 1801 1803 Democratic-Republican
47 DeWitt Clinton (1st term) 1803 1807
48 Marinus Willett 1807 1808
49 DeWitt Clinton (2nd term) 1808 1810 Democratic-Republican
50 Jacob Radcliff (1st term) 1810 1811
51 DeWitt Clinton (3rd term) 1811 1815 Democratic-Republican
52 John Ferguson 1815 1815
53 Jacob Radcliff (2nd term) 1815 1818
54 Cadwallader D. Colden 1818 1821 Federalist
55 Stephen Allen 1821 1824  
56 William Paulding, Jr. (1st term) 1825 1826 Democratic
57 Philip Hone 1826 1827 Whig
58 William Paulding Jr. (2nd term) 1827 1829 Democratic
59 Walter Bowne 1829 1832
60 Gideon Lee 1833 1834


(died in office)

Note

  1. Peter Delanoy was the first and only directly-elected mayor of New York[3] until 1834. Appointed mayors resumed in the wake of Leisler's Rebellion.


Popularly-elected mayors of the unconsolidated City[edit]

Under the Charter of 1834, mayors were elected annually. After 1849, they served two-year terms.

no.[2] Name Starting year of Office Ending year of Office Political Party
61 Cornelius Van Wyck Lawrence 1834 1837 Democratic
62 Aaron Clark 1837 1839 Whig
63 Isaac Varian 1839 1841 Democratic
64 Robert Morris 1841 1844
65 James Harper 1844 1845 American Republican / Know-Nothing
66 William F. Havemeyer (1st term) 1845 1846 Democratic
67 Andrew H. Mickle 1846 1847
68 William Brady 1847 1848 Whig
69 William F. Havemeyer (2nd term) 1848 1849 Democratic
70 Caleb Smith Woodhull 1849 1851 Whig
71 Ambrose Kingsland 1851 1853
72 Jacob Aaron Westervelt 1853 1855 Democratic
73 Fernando Wood (1st term) 1855 1858
74 Daniel F. Tiemann 1858 1860 Coalition (People's Union / American / Democratic)
75 Fernando Wood (2nd term) 1860 1862 Democratic
76 George Opdyke 1862 1864 Republican
77 Charles Godfrey Gunther 1864 1866 Democratic
78 John T. Hoffman 1 1866 1868
Acting Thomas Coman 1 1868 November 30 1869 January 4
79 Abraham Oakey Hall 1869 1872 Republican
80 William F. Havemeyer 2 (3rd term) 1873 1874 November 30 †
Acting Samuel B. H. Vance 2 1874 November 30 1874 December 31
81 William H. Wickham 1875 1876 Democratic
82 Smith Ely, Jr. 1877 1878
83 Edward Cooper 1879 1880
84 William Russell Grace (1st term) 1881 1882 Democratic (anti-Tammany)
85 Franklin Edson 1883 1884 Democratic
86 William Russell Grace (2nd term) 1885 1886 Independent
87 Abram S. Hewitt 1887 1888 Democratic
88 Hugh J. Grant 1889 1892
89 Thomas F. Gilroy 1893 1894
90 William L. Strong 1895 1897 Fusion


died in office

Notes

  1. John T. Hoffman resigned after his election as Governor of New York state but before the end of his mayoral term. Thomas Coman, President of the Board of Aldermen, completed Hoffman's term as acting Mayor until his elected successor, A. Oakey Hall, took office.
  2. William F. Havemeyer died during his last term of office. Samuel B. H. Vance, President of the Board of Aldermen, completed Havemeyer's term as acting Mayor until his elected successor, William H. Wickham took office.

Mayors since the 1898 Consolidation[edit]

The 1898–1901 term was for four years. The Charter was changed to make the Mayor's term a two-year one beginning in 1902, but after two such terms was changed back to resume four-year terms in 1906. George B. McClellan, Jr. thus served one two-year term from 1904 to 1905, during which he was elected to a four-year term from 1906 to 1909. See New York City mayoral elections#Terms and term limits (since 1834).

no.[2] Name Start day
and month
Start
year
End day
and month
End
year
Time in
office
Political Party
91 Robert A. Van Wyck January 1 1898 December 31 1901 4 years Democratic
92 Seth Low 1 January 1 1902 December 31 1903 2 years Citizens Union / Republican / Anti-Tammany Democratic
93 George B. McClellan, Jr. January 1 1904 December 31 1909 6 years Democratic
94 William Jay Gaynor 2 January 1 1910 September 10 1913 † 3 years, 253 days
Acting Ardolph Loges Kline 3 September 10 1913 December 31 1913 113 days Republican
95 John Purroy Mitchel January 1 1914 December 31 1917 4 years Fusion
96 John F. Hylan January 1 1918 December 31 1925 8 years Democratic
97 James J. Walker 4 January 1 1926 September 1 1932 6 years, 244 days
Acting Joseph V. McKee 5 September 1 1932 December 31 1932 121 days
98 John P. O'Brien January 1 1933 December 31 1933 1 year
99 Fiorello H. La Guardia January 1 1934 December 31 1945 12 years Republican / Fusion
100 William O'Dwyer 6 January 1 1946 August 31 1950 4 years, 243 days Democratic
Acting Vincent R. Impellitteri 7 August 31 1950 November 14 1950 75 days Democratic (as acting mayor)
101 November 14 1950 December 31 1953 3 years, 48 days Independent (as elected mayor)
102 Robert F. Wagner, Jr. January 1 1954 December 31 1965 12 years Democratic
103 John V. Lindsay January 1 1966 December 31 1973 8 years Republican / Liberal (1966–1969)
Liberal (1969–1970)
Democratic / Liberal (1970–1973)
104 Abraham D. Beame January 1 1974 December 31 1977 4 years Democratic
105 Edward I. Koch January 1 1978 December 31 1989 12 years
106 David N. Dinkins January 1 1990 December 31 1993 4 years
107 Rudolph W. Giuliani January 1 1994 December 31 2001 8 years Republican
108 Michael R. Bloomberg January 1 2002 December 31 2013 12 years Republican (2002-2007)
Independent (2007–2013)
109 Bill de Blasio January 1 2014 0 years, 212 days Democratic

died in office ; ♥ still living as of June 9, 2014

Notes:

  1. Seth Low previously served as Mayor of the City of Brooklyn from 1882 to 1885.
  2. William Jay Gaynor died September 10, 1913.
  3. Ardolph L. Kline, the unelected President of the Board of Aldermen, succeeded as acting Mayor upon William Gaynor's death, but then sought re-election as an Alderman (successfully) rather than election as Mayor. Kline has thus been the only mayor since 1834 never to win a city-wide election (having been appointed Vice President of the Board of Aldermen by his colleagues and then succeeding to the Presidency mid-term, rather than winning it by popular election at large).
  4. James J. "Jimmy" Walker resigned September 1, 1932 and went to Europe, amid allegations of corruption in his administration.
  5. Joseph V. McKee, as President of the Board of Aldermen, became Acting Mayor in Walker's place, but was then defeated in a special election by John P. O'Brien.
  6. William O'Dwyer resigned August 31, 1950, during a police corruption scandal, after which he was appointed Ambassador to Mexico by President Harry S. Truman.
  7. Vincent R. Impellitteri, President of the New York City Council, became Acting Mayor when O'Dwyer resigned on August 31, 1950, and was then elected to the office in a special election held on November 7, 1950. He was inaugurated on November 14.

Living former mayors[edit]

As of January 2014, the three living former mayors were also the three who had served most recently.

The most recent former mayor to die—on February 1, 2013—was their immediate predecessor, Ed Koch (who was born in December 1924 and served from 1978 to 1989).

Name Date of birth Term of office Party Former mayors alive at inauguration
David Dinkins (1927-07-10) July 10, 1927 (age 87) 1990 to 1993 Democratic Robert Wagner†, John Lindsay, Abe Beame, Ed Koch
Rudolph Giuliani (1944-05-28) May 28, 1944 (age 70) 1994 to 2001 Republican John Lindsay†, Abe Beame†, Ed Koch, David Dinkins
Michael Bloomberg (1942-02-14) February 14, 1942 (age 72) 2002 to 2013 Republican/
Independent
Ed Koch†, David Dinkins, Rudolph Giuliani
died during this term

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Popik, Barry. ""'Second toughest job in America' (nyc mayor)" The Big Apple (December 31, 2007) (see the list of references from reliable sources in the entry)
  2. ^ a b c "The Green Book: Mayors of the City of New York" on the official NYC website. When a former mayor serves again after a break in office, a new number is assigned to his resumed service. However, the five acting mayoralties are unnumbered.
  3. ^ Burrows, Edwin G. & Wallace, Mike (1999). Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195116348.  pp.99–100

External links[edit]