Municipality of Mazatán in Chiapas
|• Total||147.7 sq mi (382.6 km2)|
Villa Mazatán (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈβiʎa maθaˈtan] is one of the 122 municipalities in the state of Chiapas. It has an area of 386.6 km ² and is located in the southwestern Mexican state.
In 2010, the municipality had a total population of 26,573.
In 2010, the town of Mazatán had a population of 6,838. Other than the town of Mazatán, the municipality had 177 localities, the largest of which (with 2010 populations in parentheses) were: Buenos Aires (4,260), classified as urban, and Marte R. Gómez (1,263) and Aquiles Serdán (1,135), classified as rural.
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The name of this town comes from the union of two words in Nahuatl, Toltec, mass and so, the name given by the ancient olmecas.2 Evidence oldest known human presence in Mazatán are called traces chanchutos (fossil grain corn, pottery, house), which is credited with a history of more than 5000 years.3 Throughout history, the territory has had several Mazatec sedentary communities engaged in agriculture and fishing.
At the time of the conquest Mazatán was in charge under the parish of Tuxtla Chico, after spending time as an annex of the municipality of Tapachula and appears under the patronage of the Virgin Margarita Concepcion. In independent Mexico Mazatán only a colony and became a municipality in Chiapas in 1942.
Compared to the rest of the municipalities of Chiapas, Mazatán presents less favorable socioeconomic indicators. Although, even neighbor second largest economy of the state of Chiapas, this is the main factor influencing the development of the municipality. The agricultural industry is more than other types of urban services and a significant number of people have that moved to another municipalities to meet their personal and professional needs.
Infrastructure and urban services are less developed or are deficient, particularly in the case of drinking water distribution and drainage, which is one of the most important challenges for local governments. Overall, the township has a medium human development, but there are many contrasts inside. The marginalization of the neighborhoods in the outskirts of urban areas is much lower compared to the colonies in the municipal seat.
Like most border towns and border state of Chiapas, Mazatán received waves of immigration from Central America, mainly from Guatemala and El Salvador. This situation means that in crop fields display a higher number of undocumented workers of Mexican workers.
The name Mazatán comes from pre-Hispanic origin derived from the Nahuatl <<-Toltec and means place of many deer >> Mazat "deer" as "earth" or "place") .. its origin dates from the arrival of the Olmec fishermen, (becoming culture Mokaya which gives rise to culture Mayan) seeking a place of work and commerce, inundacionnes free allowing them to carry out their agricultural activities without any problems.
During the Preclassic period, Mesoamerican ceremonial centers were established by the Mokaya peoples.
Paso de la Amada was an important early ceremonial center in Soconusco area. San Carlos was another center in the area at the same time. After the decline of Paso de la Amada, Canton Corralito became prominent.
Later, Ojo de Agua rose to prominence.
Ojo de Agua
Ojo de Agua is an important archaeological area in the Mazatán municipality. This was part of the ancient Aztec province Soconusco, nestled in a bend of the Coatán River.
Ojo de Agua is the earliest known site in Mesoamerica with formal pyramids built around plazas. The site covers about 200 hectares and it is dated to 1200-1000 B.C. It is a planned settlement, and the platform mounds are laid out in a deliberate alignment oriented to magnetic north.
In 1526, Mazatan becomes part of the Royal Order, in 1628 became part of the parish of Tuxtla Chico and in 1774 became part annexed to Tapachula; in 1942 by governor decerto rises to the level of range municipality.
- "Mazatán". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014.
- "Chiapas". E-local.gob.mx. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
- Deborah L. Nichols, Christopher A. Pool, eds. The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology. Oxford University Press, 2012 ISBN 0199875006 p175
- Ancient Mesoamerican sculpture uncovered in southern Mexico. Feb. 14, 2011 - www.news.wisc.edu
- Robert M. Rosenswig, The Beginnings of Mesoamerican Civilization: Inter-Regional Interaction and the Olmec. Cambridge University Press, 2010 ISBN 0521111021 p65