Mazda B-Series

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For the Mazda B-Series sold in North America from 1993, see Ford Ranger (North America).
Mazda B-Series
Mazda B2500 front 20080215.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Mazda
Production 1961–2006
Chronology
Successor Mazda BT-50

The Mazda B-Series is a pickup truck, first manufactured in 1961 by Mazda Motor Corporation. Since the beginning of the B-Series, Mazda has used the engine displacement to determine each model's name. For example, the B1500 had a 1.5 L engine and the B2600 had a 2.6 L engine. In Japan, Mazda used the Proceed name on its compact pickup trucks, and another line of larger trucks was available called the Mazda Titan. Other names used for this line include Mazda Bravo (Australia), Mazda Bounty (New Zealand), Mazda Magnum / Thunder / Fighter (Thailand), and Mazda Drifter (South Africa).

Mazda's partnership with Ford resulted in the sharing of this vehicle as the Ford Courier, and later as the Ford Ranger. However, the Mazda B-Series and Ford Ranger twins sold in North America were developed by Ford, whereas models sold elsewhere under the same badge were engineered by Mazda.

First generation (1961–1965)[edit]

First generation
Mazda B1500 BUA61, all bodies.jpg
The first B1500 model: top left is the original truck, to the right the "Pickup", bottom left is the double-cab truck and on the bottom right is the "Light Van".
Overview
Production 1961–1965
Assembly Japan: Hiroshima
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door pickup truck
2-door double-cab pickup truck
2-door double-cab coupé utility
2-door van
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 1.5 L UA OHV I4
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,495 mm (98.2 in) (BUA)
2,590 mm (102.0 in) (BUB61)
Length 4,150 mm (163.4 in) (BUA61)
4,245 mm (167.1 in) (BUB61)

The Mazda B-Series bonnet truck was introduced in Japan in August 1961 as the B1500 (BUA61). This model was the only Japanese market model to be badged under the B-Series naming scheme, i.e. B1500. The BUD61 (second generation) that followed started the long-running name of Proceed in Japan. It had a 1484 cc OHV water-cooled engine with wet sleeve cylinders which produced 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp). It had a 1 ton payload. This model also had a torsion bar front/leaf spring rear suspension, which was advanced for its time, giving it a relatively smooth ride. The B1500 underwent a facelift in September 1963 (or late 1962)[when?] and received a new chassis code, BUB61.[1] The BUB61 was more spacious, with a cabin stretched by 80 mm (3.1 in) and with a stretched body and wheelbase. The BUB61 also received a new upside-down trapezoidal grille (instead of the earlier full-width unit) with 13 rather than nine bars, turn signals on the fenders, and a bit more chrome trim, including a decor strip on the side.[2]

In addition to the standard two-door "styleside" pickup truck body, there were also a double-cab truck and a similar double-cab version called the "Pickup", which had a fully integrated coupé utility body rather than the separate bed of the truck versions. This model was based on the Light Van: a two-door van model with a fold-down tailgate and an electrically powered window, which was a rarity in the Japanese market at the time.[2] The Light Van (BUAVD) was introduced in September 1962, with the two double-cab models following shortly thereafter. These three models were all built on the shorter wheelbase chassis, and when the longer chassis was introduced it was not deemed worthwhile to create new bodywork. Thus, these were all produced for a period of only a few months.[2] While the B1500 was sleeker and considerably more powerful than its competitors in the Japanese market, its price was also considerably higher, and it failed to sell in the numbers envisioned.[3]

Second generation (1965–1977)[edit]

Second generation
MazdaB1800Truck.jpg
Mazda B1800 (US)
Overview
Also called Mazda Proceed
Mazda B1500/1600/1800
Mazda Rotary Pickup
Ford Courier
Production 1965–1977
Assembly Japan: Hiroshima
New Zealand
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door truck
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 1.3 L TC I4 (BTA67)
1.5 L UA OHV I4 (BUD61)
1.6 L NA I4 (BNA61)
1.8 L VB I4
1.3 L 13B
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2650 mm
Length 4370 mm

The 1966 B1500/Proceed (presented in October 1965) continued with the same 1,484 cc OHV I4, with minor changes in the cylinder head/valves and the use of a downdraft carburetor instead of the sidedraft unit used on the 1961 to 1965 models. The UA engine now produced 72 PS (53 kW; 71 hp) at 5200 rpm.[4] The chassis, now called the BUD61, was longer and received all new bodywork of a more square design, and changed to four headlights. In January 1971 a 1600 cc model was introduced, with the BNA61 chassis code. This had 95 PS SAE in global markets,[5] while US brochures did not specify power output, and European importers claimed 75 PS (55 kW) DIN. In Japan no less than 100 PS (74 kW) (SAE gross) was claimed, and the model was advertised in Japan as the "GT-Truck".[6]

In March 1972 the Proceed 1300 appeared, with a smaller 1.3 liter engine. This model remained available until 1975 in Japan. It only had 87 PS (64 kW), again in SAE gross, but was nonetheless advertised as another GT-Truck.

The B1500 was the first Japanese pickup truck assembled in New Zealand from CKD kits. Assembly started in 1967 at Steel's Motor Assemblies (which also built the Toyota Corona and later became Toyota New Zealand's Christchurch plant) after a government order for 672 units, and the model remained in local assembly at various plants for several generations.

The B-Series was introduced to the United States with the 1972 B1600. It was joined in 1974 by the similar rotary-powered Rotary Pickup. The engine was enlarged to 1.8 L for 1975's B1800, a model which had been available to Canadian customers at least since 1970. Known in the Japanese market as the Proceed, it was also sold as the Ford Courier. Its strong sales in the US market (mostly with Ford badging) got Mazda out of some pressing cash flow troubles in the period following the 1970s energy crisis.[7]

Engines:

  • 1972-1975 – 1.3 L (1272 cc) TC I4 (BTA67)
  • 1965-1971 – 1.5 L (1484 cc) UA OHV I4 (BUD61)
  • 1971–1976 – 1.6 L (1586 cc) NA I4 (BNA61), 95 PS (70 kW) SAE at 6000 rpm
  • 1970–1977 – 1.8 L (1796 cc) VB I4 (BVD61), 98 hp (73 kW) SAE at 5500 rpm (1970, Canada)[8]
  • 1974–1977 – 1.3 L (654 cc x 2) 13B (PA136/SPA136)

Rotary Pickup[edit]

Mazda Rotary Pickup

The Rotary Pickup (REPU) was the world's first and only Wankel-engined pickup truck. It was sold from 1974 to 1977 and appears to have been available only in the United States and Canada.[9] The Rotary-Engined Pickup (REPU) had a four-port 1.3L 13B 4-barrel carbureted engine,[10] flared fenders, a battery mounted under the bed, a different dash, a front grille, and round taillights.

It is estimated that a total of just over 15,000 units were built. Most were made for the 1974 model year (PA136 chassis), but due to the effect of the energy crisis on sales, Mazda restamped many of the 1974 models with a prefix "S", designating it as a "1975" model (SPA136). Approximately 700 units were built for the 1976 model year. Mazda invested in a moderate redesign for the 1977 model (PA236), updating electrical systems, adding 4 inches (100 mm) cab stretch for more comfort, and adding a five-speed manual transmission with different differential gearing. However, after about 3,000 units, the REPU was discontinued due to poor sales.

Road & Track magazine was impressed with its "smooth, quiet power" and the "nice" interior.[11] The price at the time was about US$3500, and observed fuel economy was 16.5 miles per US gallon (14.3 L/100 km; 19.8 mpg-imp). Most of the trucks are found on the west coast of the US, and they continue to be sought out by enthusiasts.

Like many of the other Mazda rotary vehicles, the REPU was raced. Its most notable finish was an overall victory at the 1975 SCCA Mojave 24 Hour Rally at the hands of drivers Malcolm Smith and Jack Sreenan.

Ford Courier[edit]

Ford Courier

The first generation Ford Courier was introduced for the 1972 model year and sold for a little over US$3,000 when introduced—close to the price of an F-100.

The Courier was manufactured by Toyo Kogyo (Mazda),[12] and imported and sold by Ford Motor Company as a response to the unforeseen popularity of the small Toyota and Nissan/Datsun pickups among young buyers in the West. Like the other mini-pickups of the time, it featured a sub-2-liter four cylinder engine, a four-speed manual transmission, rear wheel drive, a decent load capability of 1,400 lb (635 kg), and a fairly small price tag compared to full-size pickups of the time. To circumvent the 25% chicken tax on light trucks, Couriers (like Chevrolet LUV's) were imported in "cab chassis" configurations, which included the entire light truck, less the cargo box or truck bed, and were only subject to a 4% tariff.[13] Subsequently, a truck bed would be attached to the chassis and the vehicle could be sold as a light truck.

The body styling was effectively that of the related Mazda B-series; however, its frontal treatment was unique, with a grille designed to emulate the larger Ford F-series and large single headlights instead of the B-series' smaller twin units.

When the Courier was introduced it came standard with a 1.8 liter overhead cam engine, which produced 74 hp (55 kW) at 5,070 rpm and 92 lbf·ft (125 N·m) at 3,500 rpm. A four-speed manual transmission was standard, and there was also a three-speed automatic option. A five-speed manual option was added in 1976.

Badging changed a few times in the first-gen series. In 1972, the tailgate read "FORD COURIER" in large raised letters, with a small "COURIER" badge on the front of the hood (from 1973 on through 1976 the hood badging read "FORD"). In 1973 the tailgate read "COURIER" in large letters, with a small "FORD" badge on the upper left. In 1974 it read "FORD" in large letters, with a small "COURIER" badge on the lower right. In 1976 the cab was lengthened 3 inches (76 mm), and the grille received added trim.

Third generation (PE/UC/UD; 1977–1985)[edit]

Third generation
Mazda-B2000.jpg
Overview
Also called Ford Courier
Mazda Proceed
Production April 1977–1985
Assembly Japan: Hiroshima, Japan
Iran: Tehran (Bahman Group)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door pickup, standard and long bed
Layout FR layout
Related Ford Courier
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L NA I4
1.8 L VC I4
1.8 L VB I4 (US)
2.0 L MA I4
2.0 L FE I4
2.2 L S2 diesel I4
Transmission 4/5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,715 mm (106.9 in) (SWB)
2,865 mm (112.8 in) (LWB)
Length 4,445 mm (175.0 in) (SWB)
4,740 mm (186.6 in) (LWB)

This generation was introduced in April 1977 as the PE chassis for the Proceed 1600.[14] The Japanese model had a claimed 97 PS and a top speed of 140 km/h (87 mph). The new model was more comfortable than the previous, with a woodgrain dashboard and other luxuries. In the export market it was sold as the B1600 and somewhat later as the B1800, which was originally sold only in North America. In the US, for the 1980 model year, it appeared as the B2000, which used a 2.0 liter F/MA engine, replacing the B1800. The diesel 2.2 L B2200 joined this truck in 1981, with the UD chassis code.[15] In the US, the 1984 B2000 continued to be sold through 1985, with the next generation only appearing as a "1986". The 2-liter version was called PE2M6/M7 until 1981 ("6" for the short wheelbase, "7" for the long bed), after which it had the UC chassis code. In Japan, this truck was discontinued in October 1979, as commercial customers were preferring vans over the less space-efficient bonneted trucks.

The B2000 was also available in a long-bed version with a longer wheelbase and rear overhang, which was given the model name Sundowner in some markets – a reference to nomadic Australian herders who would make camp wherever they were at sundown. The regular model code (UC11) became UC21 when fitted with a long bed. The chassis coding system was changed for the United States in 1981 with the introduction of a standardized VIN code, which led to a second coding system – making it complicated to identify and group these trucks. The B-Series received a facelift for 1983 and was replaced in January 1985. By this time, 1.8 million Mazda B-series trucks had been built since their introduction in 1961.[16]

In Australia and New Zealand, the Courier was a compact pick-up built for Ford by Mazda in Japan.[17] It was first offered on the Australian market in 1979.[18] Both Mazda and Ford versions for New Zealand were assembled locally.

Engines:

  • 1972-1975 – 1.6 L (1586 cc) NA I4 (PE2N), 97 PS (71 kW) JIS at 5700 rpm[14]
  • 1976-1978 – 1.8 L (1769 cc) VC I4 (PE2V),[19] 84 hp (63 kW) at 5000 rpm (UK)[20]
  • 1977-1979 – 1.8 L (1796 cc) VB (US only?)
  • 1979-1984 – 2.0 L (1970 cc) MA I4, 77 hp (PE2M, UC)
  • 1982-1984 – diesel 2.2 L (2209 cc) S2 I4, 59 hp (UD)

Ford Courier[edit]

1979 Ford Courier

In 1977 the Courier was redesigned, and a host of new options were available. The truck was available with front disc brakes, as well as a Ford-built 2.3 liter engine option (which was the same as that of the Ford Pinto and Mustang II). The key feature distinguishing the Courier from Mazda's B-Series was still the single headlights, although with park and indicator lights placed inset starting in 1978 (1977s still had the turn signal lights in the bumper).[21]

In 1979 the base model engine was increased in size to 2.0 liters (120.1 CID). The optional Ford 2.3 L (140 cu in) engine was produced in Brazil.[21]

The Courier was never available with a diesel engine in the US. However, the 1982 Mazda B2200 was available with the S2, a Perkins-built 4.135 (4 cylinder, 135 CID) 2.2 liter diesel engine, producing 59 hp (44 kW) at 2,100 rpm. This same diesel engine was available in the 1983 and 1984 Ford Ranger; however, it was replaced by the Mitsubishi 4D55T 2.3 liter Turbo Diesel (also used in Mitsubishi's own Mighty Max and the Dodge Ram 50) for the 1985 to 1987 Ford Rangers.[21]

External images
1984 Ford Courier (facelift, Australia)

The Courier continued to be sold in North America until the model year 1982, in which year power steering was added. For 1983, Ford of North America introduced its own Ford Ranger to fill its compact truck segment, which replaced the Courier in the U.S. and Canadian markets.[21]

However, in other markets (such as Australia), this generation of Courier continued on until the 1985 calendar year, when the next generation was introduced. Australian models received a facelift around 1982/1983.

Electric variants

Between 1979 and 1982 a number of electric Ford Couriers were produced – Jet Industries purchased "vehicle gliders" (Ford Courier bodies minus their engines), and put in a series DC motor and lead acid batteries, to produce the Jet Industries ElectraVan 750. These were sold mainly for service trucks, general to local government departments. They had a top speed around 70 mph (113 km/h), and would go 50 to 60 miles (97 km) on a full charge. A number of these vehicles still exist, usually with upgraded motor control systems and higher-voltage battery packs.[21]

Fourth generation (UF; 1985–1998)[edit]

Fourth generation
1985-1988 Mazda B2000 Cab Plus 2-door utility 01.jpg
Overview
Also called Ford Courier (pickup)
Ford Raider (wagon)
Ford Marathon
Mazda Bravo
Mazda Fighter
Mazda Magnum
Production 1985–1998
Assembly Hiroshima, Japan
Bogotá, Colombia
Willowvale, Zimbabwe (WMMI)
Pretoria, South Africa
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door pickup
4-door pickup
4-door wagon
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Related Mazda Proceed Marvie
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L FE I4
2.2 L F2 I4
2.6 L G54B I4 (Mitsubishi)
2.6 L G6 I4
2.2 L R2 diesel I4
2.5 L WL-T td I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 108.7 in (2,761 mm)
117.5 in (2,984 mm)
109.3 in (2,776 mm)
118.1 in (3,000 mm)
Length 182.7 in (4,641 mm)
198.8 in (5,050 mm)
Width 65.7 in (1,669 mm)
67.1 in (1,704 mm)
Height 61.8 in (1,570 mm)
61.6 in (1,565 mm)
66.1 in (1,679 mm)
65.9 in (1,674 mm)

A new Proceed/B-Series (UF) was introduced in January 1985 and was produced until June 1999.[15] A five-speed manual transmission was the primary choice in most markets, with a four-speed automatic transmission optional. Part-time four wheel drive was another option. The 2.6 L Mitsubishi-powered B2600 was introduced in 1986. 1987 saw the Mazda inline-four engine enlarged to 2.2 L in the B2200, with the smaller engine phased out of the North American markets after that year. The Mitsubishi engine was gone for 1988, replaced by a new family of Mazda powerplants. This generation also returned to the Japanese market, again as the "Proceed", where it was marketed mostly as a "lifestyle" truck.

An SUV/RV version of this generation was made as the Proceed Marvie starting in 1991, which was sold as the Ford Raider in Australia. The Proceed Marvie had a UV chassis code. A similar version was developed in Thailand, where it was simply sold as a version of the Mazda B-series. In 1988 the larger Mitsubishi engine was replaced by Mazda's own 2.6 liter four-cylinder, more powerful than the Mitsubishi unit. This engine was also fuel injected, where the Mitsubishi was carbureted. The new model was named B2600i ("i" for injection).

Both Mazda B-series and the Ford Courier versions were assembled from CKD kits in New Zealand.

For the North American market, Mazda spent more than US$100 million to design and develop the 1986-1993 B-Series pickups to meet consumer demands. For the 1994 model year, to save costs related to the chicken tax, Mazda introduced a badge engineered version of the Ford Ranger, produced at Ford's Twin Cities Assembly Plant in Minnesota. Due to declining sales and a lack of significant updates to its parent platform, the Ford-built B-Series was discontinued after the 2009 model year. The North American Ranger was discontinued at the end of 2011 with the closure of the Twin Cities Plant.[22]

In South Africa, SAMCOR (South African Motor Corporation - now Ford SA) fitted the B-Series with the Ford Essex V6 as a range topping engine option, first in 3.0 L capacity, and then later on in 3.4 L capacity. The Essex engine was produced at their Struandale engine plant in Port Elizabeth.

Engine options:

  • B2000
    • 1985–199? – 2.0 L (1998 cc) FE I4, 80 hp (60 kW)
  • B2200
    • 1987–1993 – 2.2 L (2184 cc) F2 I4, 85 hp (63 kW) (Carb)
    • 1992–1993 – 2.2 L (2184 cc) F2 I4, 91 hp (68 kW), 118 lb·ft (160 N·m) (EFI)
    • 1985-199? – 2.2 L (2184 cc) R2 I4, 70 hp (52 kW), 105 lb·ft (142 N·m)
  • B2600
    • 1986–1988 – 2.6 L (2555 cc) G54B I4, 102 hp (76 kW), 146 lb·ft (198 N·m)
    • 1988–1993 – 2.6 L (2606 cc) G6 I4, 121 hp (90 kW), 149 lb·ft (202 N·m)
  • B3000 (South Africa)
    • 1993–1997 – 3.0 L (2993 cc) Essex V6 89 kW (121 PS; 119 hp)
  • B3400 (South Africa)
    • 1997–2000 – 3.4 L (3376 cc) Essex V6 108 kW (147 PS; 145 hp)

Ford Courier / Raider[edit]

From 1991 to 1997[23] a badge engineered version of the Mazda Proceed Marvie wagon was sold as the Ford Raider.[24] Like the Mazda version, it was an SUV/MPV based on the Proceed/B-Series/Ranger/Courier.

Fifth generation (UN; 1998–2006)[edit]

Fifth generation
2005 Mazda Bravo (B2500) DX 2-door cab chassis (2011-12-06).jpg
Overview
Also called Mazda Bravo
Mazda Fighter
Mazda Proceed
Ford Courier (pickup)
Ford Everest (wagon)
Ford Ranger (pickup)
Production 1998–2006
Assembly Hiroshima, Japan
Bogotá, Colombia
Rayong, Thailand (AAT)
Jhongli, Taiwan
Pretoria, South Africa[25]
Hai Duong, Vietnam (Ford Vietnam)[26]
Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines[27]
Willowvale, Zimbabwe (WMMI)
Body and chassis
Class Compact pickup truck
Mid-size SUV (Ford Everest)
Body style 2-door pickup
2-door pickup (extended cab)
4-door "Freestyle" pickup (suicide rear doors)
4-door pickup
5-door wagon (Ford Everest)
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine 2.2 L F2 I4
2.6 L G6E I4
2.5 L WL diesel I4
2.5 L WL-T TD I4
Mazda B2500 (pre-facelift)
Ford Ranger (pre-facelift)
Ford Courier (facelift)

In the 1998 model year, Mazda renewed its own B-Series for international markets. Production at the AutoAlliance Thailand plant began in May 1998.[28] It has the chassis code "UN."[15] This model was also sold as the Ford Ranger in Europe and Asia and as the Ford Courier in Australia and New Zealand. Production began that year at the AutoAlliance Thailand and Ford Motor Company Philippines factories. CKD versions were also assembled in South Africa and Ecuador.

The truck was sold in more than 130 countries under a variety of names. Along with the Fighter and Ranger badges in Southeast Asia (except in Singapore, which matched Japan's Proceed badge), it was sold as the Mazda Bounty and Ford Courier in New Zealand, Mazda Bravo in Australia, and Mazda Drifter in South Africa.

The B2600/B2200s sold in Venezuela and other nearby Latin American countries were assembled in Colombia by "Compañía Colombiana Automotriz S.A. (CCA)". They had a 2.6 L straight-4 4x4 model and an entry level model with a 2.2 L straight-4 4x2.

In 2002, a 'Freestyle' model became available on this platform, with rear suicide doors. Revisions to the rest of the range came in 2002 and 2004. These models are unrelated to the Mazda B-series and Ford Ranger models in North America.

Ford Ranger / Courier[edit]

The Ford-badged version sold as the "Ford Ranger" in most markets (and the "Ford Courier" in Australasia) was launched in 1998. A face-lifted version with new front-end styling arrived in 2002.

Ford Everest[edit]

See also: Ford Everest
Ford Everest

An SUV version of the Ranger, the Ford Everest, shares more than 30 percent of its components with the donor model. The midsize Everest SUV was sold in Asia, Central America and the Bahamas.

The Everest was introduced in March 2003, and was built at the AutoAlliance Thailand plant in Rayong,[29] and as CKD kits in other countries (Chengalpattu, India;[30] Jhongli, Taiwan and Hai Duong, Vietnam[31]). In India it was called the "Ford Endeavour".

This vehicle had its origins in the Ford Ranger, which was built for the Southeast Asian markets at the Ford-Mazda JV plant in Rayong, Thailand. Its underpinnings remained very much those of a pickup truck, while its engine was a Mazda-derived unit used for its low cost, fuel efficiency and emissions, which met the markets' standards. A Hiroshima-based design team worked to develop the Endeavour aka Everest to suit the developing markets.

In 2006, the Everest, along with the Ford Ranger and Mazda B-Series pickups, were replaced by the new Mazda BT-50 and its derivatives. While the Mazda versions introduced the new "BT-50" name, Ford versions continued under the "Ranger" (pickup) and "Everest" (wagon) names.

Engines:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bulmer, Ged (2013-03-13). "Classic Metal: B1500 Styleside". Unique Cars. Australia: Bauer Trader Media. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
  2. ^ a b c Ozeki, Kazuo (2007). 日本のトラック・バス 1918~1972 [Japanese Trucks and Buses 1918-1972:] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Miki Press. p. 143. ISBN 978-4-89522-494-9. 
  3. ^ Ozeki, p. 143
  4. ^ Ozeki, p. 156
  5. ^ Mazda B1600 Pickup/Bakkie (brochure) (in English/Afrikaans), Japan: Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd., 1973, p. 4 
  6. ^ GT-TRUCK: New プロシード1600 [New Proceed 1600] (catalog) (in Japanese), Toyo Kogyo, January 1971, p. 8 
  7. ^ Yamaguchi, Jack K. (1985), Lösch, Annamaria, ed., Japan: Lucrative Contraction, World Cars 1985 (Pelham, NY: The Automobile Club of Italy/Herald Books): 49, ISBN 0-910714-17-7 
  8. ^ Mazda 1800 Pickup (brochure), Burnaby, BC: Mazda Motors of Canada, 1970-06-01, p. 2 
  9. ^ Club for Mazda REPU owners
  10. ^ MazdaREPU.com Mazda brochure
  11. ^ Road & Track, July 1974
  12. ^ Rechtin, Mark (2009-12-21). "For Mazda and Ford, breaking up is hard to do". Automotive News. Crain Communications. Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  13. ^ "Ending the "Chicken War": The Case for Abolishing the 25 Percent Truck Tariff". freetrade.org, by Daniel Ikenson. Archived from the original on 2012-12-20. 
  14. ^ a b ニュープロシード 1600 [New Proceed 1600] (brochure), Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd., April 1977, p. 8, 7704N 
  15. ^ a b c "B-Serie parts". Mister Auto. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
  16. ^ Ruiz, Marco (1986). 'The Complete History of the Japanese Car: 1907 to the Present. Rome: ERVIN srl. p. 136. ISBN 0-517-61777-3. 
  17. ^ David Boyce, What Car Is That? in Australia and New Zealand, 1981, page76
  18. ^ Green Book Price & Model Guide, July–August 1983, page 99
  19. ^ Mazda B1800 Pickup (Australia) (brochure), Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd., 1977, p. 4, 7711S112-31 
  20. ^ The Mazda B1800 Pickup (brochure), Tunbridge Wells, Kent, UK: Mazda Car Imports (GB), May 1981, B1800/81/5 
  21. ^ a b c d e "Courier Information". Ford Courier Collector. Retrieved 2010-11-29. 
  22. ^ Levine, Mike. "Mazda Drops B-Series Pickup From U.S. Lineup". PickupTrucks.com. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  23. ^ "Australian Car Guide: Ford Raider 4WD". eCars. Archived from the original on 2008-07-26. 
  24. ^ "SEVS eligibility – Mazda Proceed". Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
  25. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
  26. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
  27. ^ Sarne, Vernon (2012-06-27). "Ford makes 'business decision' to stop manufacturing cars in PH". Top Gear Philippines. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  28. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
  29. ^ "Ford. Ford In Thailand". Car-cat.com. Archived from the original on 2009-10-27. 
  30. ^ "Ford. Ford In India". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 2010-07-31. 
  31. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. Retrieved 2010-07-31.