Mazda Capella

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mazda Capella
Mazda 626 front 20071204.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Mazda
Production 1970–2002
Assembly Japan: Hiroshima
Body and chassis
Class Compact (1970–1987)
Mid-size (1987–2002)
Chronology
Successor Mazda 6 (Atenza)

The Mazda Capella is a mid-size car that was manufactured by Mazda Motor Corporation from 1970 to 2002. Sold in the Japanese domestic market under the Capella name, the vehicle was also commonly known in other major markets as the Mazda 626. Mazda's partner at the time, Ford Motor Company would also use the Capella platform to create the Ford Telstar and Ford Probe. 4,345,279 of the 626 and Ford Telstar models were sold worldwide.

Designed to compete against Japanese mid-size stalwarts such as the Honda Accord, Toyota Corona, and Nissan Bluebird, the Capella would be succeeded by the Mazda 6 (Atenza) in 2002.

The car was named for Capella, the brightest star in the constellation Auriga, the sixth brightest in the night sky and the third brightest in the northern celestial hemisphere, after Arcturus and Vega.

First generation (1970–1978)[edit]

SNA, S122A, CB12, CB1V
1973 Mazda 616 front left Iceland.jpg
First-facelift Mazda 616 sedan (Europe), 1973–1974
Overview
Also called Mazda 616/618
Mazda RX-2
Production 1970—1978
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupé
4-door sedan
Layout Longitudinal front-engine, rear-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine 1490 cc UB I4 (SU2A)
1586 cc NA I4 (SNA)
1769 cc VC I4 (CB1V)
1796 cc VB I4 (USA only)
2 × 573 cc Wankel 12A rotary (S122A)
2 × 573 cc Wankel 12B rotary (CB12)
Transmission 4/5-speed manual
3-speed automatic[1]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,470 mm (97 in)
Length 4,150 mm (163 in) (1970–1974)
4,260 mm (168 in) (1974–1978)
Width 1,580 mm (62 in)
Height 1,375–1,430 mm (50–60 in)

The first Capella was introduced in 1970 and lasted until 1978. It was powered by four-cylinder SOHC valve engines displacing either 1.5 or 1.6 litres. Output is 92 or 100 PS (68 or 74 kW), respectively; and 144 N·m (106 lb·ft) of torque for the larger displacement version. The first models all had rectangular headlights, while the rotary-engined models received round twin headlamps beginning in October 1971. From 1972 all models received the double headlamps. The taillight design was changed repeatedly over the production run.

An optional Mazda Wankel engine was offered and known as the Capella Rotary in Japan or the Mazda RX-2 for export. In addition to the 1.6, a Capella 1500 was added in October 1970.[1] The Capella received a fairly thorough facelift in February 1974. This facelift included a restyled front end (lengthened by 110 mm) and a redesigned dashboard. This model received an optional 1.8 litre (1769 cc) engine for some markets and in Japan it was sold with the "AP" suffix, for "Anti-Pollution". The 1500 was no longer available. The facelift rotary version received the CB12S chassis code rather than S122A.

This generation was sold in export markets as the Mazda 616 in sedan and, for some markets, coupé configurations.

The RX-2 was assembled under contract in New Zealand from 1972 for Mazda New Zealand by Motor Industries International in Otahuhu, South Auckland. It was the first and only rotary-engined car ever to be assembled in the country and was made as both a sedan, with manual or automatic transmission and a manual-only coupé. The 616 was also built but was much less popular.

The 616 was a major component of Mazda's United States expansion in 1971, having been preceded by its rotary brother, the RX-2, the previous year. It featured the 1.6 L (1586 cc) engine, which was later used in the 808. The American Capella was updated and renamed the next year: the 1972 618 had a larger 1.8 L (1796 cc) "VB" engine which was only used in the US and not related to the similarly sized "VC" used in the rest of the world. Lasting just one year, the 618 nameplate was not used again in the United States and the only federalized version of the Capella for 1973 was the RX-2.

Pre-facelift Mazda Capella Rotary coupe (Japan), 1970–1971 
First-facelift Mazda 616 sedan (Europe), 1973–1974 
Second-facelift Mazda 616 sedan (Europe), 1974–1978 

Second generation (CB; 1978–1982)[edit]

CB
1980-1982 Mazda 626 (CB) sedan (2011-04-28) 02.jpg
Facelift Mazda 626 sedan (Australia)
Overview
Also called Mazda 626
Mazda Montrose
Production 1978–1982
Assembly Japan: Hiroshima
New Zealand: Auckland
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupé
4-door sedan
Layout Longitudinal front-engine, rear-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L NA I4 (gasoline)
1.8 L VC I4 (gasoline)
2.0 L MA I4 (gasoline)
Transmission 4-speed manual
5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,510 mm (98.8 in)
Length 4,260–4,300 mm (167.7–169.3 in)
Width 1,580–1,660 mm (62.2–65.4 in)
Height 1,395 mm (54.9 in) (coupe)
1,420 mm (55.9 in) (sedan)
Curb weight 975–1,080 kg (2,150–2,381 lb)

The second generation rear-wheel drive Capella was available between October 1978 and 1982, in both sedan and coupé forms.[2] It was known on export markets as the 626, with the exception of the United Kingdom, where it was called the Mazda Montrose, the name was changed to honour the local Mazda dealership in Montrose. It began appearing in 1978, although the model's introduction to most markets was delayed until 1979. Early models had two slightly different frontal treatments, one with a more pronounced sloping grille to denote some models, particularly on the Japanese domestic market. A bolder front and rear facelift, though similar in appearance, was done in September 1980 but this model was not sold in the UK. It was, however offered in Europe and this and later generations were particularly popular in Germany. This Capella was designed with more concern for aerodynamics and achieved a Cx value of 0.38.[2]

The coupé and sedan were mechanically identical, with front MacPherson struts and a solid axle in back mounted on four links and riding on coil springs, either a five-speed manual or three-speed automatic transmission and recirculating ball steering.[3] The CB also featured a split-folding rear seat. In Japan, the Capella came with 1.6, 1.8, or 2.0 litre engines (the 2.0 only being introduced in the end of March 1979[4]). All had twin-barrel carburettors and produced 90, 100, and 110 PS JIS (66, 74, or 81 kW). The higher equipped versions received the larger US bumpers and were thus somewhat longer overall.[5]

The Mazda 626 badge was used for the first time in some markets, replacing the earlier "616". The 626 was typically fitted with the 1.6 or 2 litre version of the Mazda F/MA, which produced from 75 to 90 PS (55 to 66 kW).[6] The 626 was facelifted in November 1980, with the update bringing flush-fitting headlamps and a new grille insert.[6] The grille was lengthened slightly to remove the body-colored gap between the headlamps and grille on the original model. It was also reduced in height so that the grille and headlamps formed a single "band" across the front-end.

This generation was also assembled in New Zealand in three versions – four-speed manual base, three-speed automatic mid range and five-speed manual "Limited". Facelift models were much the same but some had velour upholstery and tinted glass. In 1982, Mazda NZ offered a locally assembled limited edition model called the Anniversary to mark 10 years of local build. Based on the Limited, this model had larger US-style bumpers, additional driving lights in the grille, a standard AM radio (this was a year before FM stereo radio was introduced in NZ) plus alloy wheels and unique velour upholstery. This was also the first NZ-built Mazda to have a laminated windscreen as standard.

Model Engine Power Torque
World[6] 1,586 cc NA I4 75 PS (55 kW) 12.2 kg·m (120 N·m; 88 lb·ft)
1,970 cc MA I4 90 PS (66 kW) 15.9 kg·m (156 N·m; 115 lb·ft)
Japan[5] 1,586 cc NA I4 90 PS (66 kW) 13.0 kg·m (127 N·m; 94 lb·ft)
1,769 cc VC I4 100 PS (74 kW) 15.2 kg·m (149 N·m; 110 lb·ft)
1,970 cc MA I4 110 PS (81 kW) 17.0 kg·m (167 N·m; 123 lb·ft)
North America 1,970 cc MA I4 80 hp (60 kW)
74 hp (55 kW)[5]
 
105 lb·ft (142 N·m; 14.5 kg·m)
Pre-facelift Mazda 626 sedan (Australia) 
Facelift Mazda 626 sedan (Europe) 
Facelift Mazda 626 sedan (Australia) 
Mazda Montrose coupé (UK) 

Third generation (GC; 1982–1987)[edit]

GC
'83-'85 Mazda 626 Sedan.jpg
Overview
Also called Mazda 626
Ford Telstar
Production 1982–1987
Assembly Japan: Hiroshima
Japan: Hofu
Colombia: Bogotá
New Zealand: Auckland
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupé
4-door sedan
5-door hatchback
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform Mazda GC platform
Related Ford Telstar
Kia Concord/Capital
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L F6 I4
1.8 L F8 I4
2.0 L FE I4
2.0 L FET turbo I4
2.0 L RF diesel I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
3/4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,510 mm (98.8 in)
Length 4,520 mm (177.8 in)
Width 1,690 mm (67 in)
Height 1,410 mm (56 in)
Curb weight 1,050 kg (2,310 lb)

In September 1982 the third generation Capella was released using the new front-wheel-drive Mazda GC platform. As before, the international version was named the 626, with this version being named Import Car of the Year by Motor Trend magazine, the Car of the Year Japan award in 1982, and Car of the Year by Wheels magazine for 1983. Sedan and coupé body styles were offered as before, with – due to demand – a five-door hatchback variant added. 1.6, 1.8, and 2.0 liter inline-fours were offered, with the 2.0 also available with a turbo and 145 PS (107 kW).[7] In September 1983 a two-liter diesel was added to the lineup.[7] In other regions including Finland, the 626 offered 101 hp (75 kW) with a twin barrel carburetor. The Swiss market only received a 95 PS (70 kW) 2-liter version, with the lower power a result of different emissions standards.

The rear suspension was now independent, and though the wheelbase remained the same as the previous model, it was an entirely different car. A SOHC non-turbo diesel 2.0 L RF 66 hp (49 kW) engine was made available; twenty examples were imported officially into Australia from 1983 to 1987. European markets also received a 1.6 L F6 80 hp (60 kW) engine.[8]

Ford Asia Pacific (FASPAC) also sold the 626 as the Ford Telstar from 1983 (complete with slightly different styling and dashboard) in place of the UK-sourced Sierra, although Ford New Zealand did offer the Sierra wagon (in both 1.6 and 2.0 litre versions) from May 1984 after the long best-selling Cortina estate car was discontinued, in lieu of the Mazda's lack of an equivalent model. The coupé version was not offered.

Mazda New Zealand initially assembled 626 'short nose' 1.8-litre four-door sedan and a 'long nose' two-litre five-door model with a higher trim level including a digital instrument panel. A small number of two-door coupés were imported built-up from Japan. Laminated windscreens were now standard. A midlife facelift for the 1985 model year brought a completely new dashboard with orange digital LCD electronic displays in top models (in place of the earlier luminescent green) and the sedan now had the long nose and two-litre engine. Ford's Telstar received similar changes.

The new 2.0 L FE engine was up to 83 hp (62 kW) for the North American market, where the car received larger bumpers and sealed-beam headlights as per federal regulations. A 626 GT (also called the Turbo in Canada) was introduced in 1986 using the 120 hp (89 kW) and 150 lb·ft (200 N·m) FET engine. The rest of the line got a new front clip with dual (rather than quad) headlights and an entirely new interior, and fuel injection on the base engine meant 93 hp (69 kW). A new four-speed automatic was introduced for 1987, the last year of this series.

The GC continued in production in South Africa, where a facelifted version was produced by Samcor, until 1993. The GD was not sold in South Africa, although it was assembled in neighbouring Zimbabwe.

Model Years Engine Power Torque
Base 1983–1985 2.0 L FE I4 83 hp (61 kW)
1986–1987 2.0 L FE I4 93 hp (69 kW)
Diesel 1984–1987 2.0 L RF I4 66 hp (49 kW)
Europe 1983–1987 1.6 L F6 I4 81 PS (59.5 kW) 89 lb·ft (120 Nm)
1983–1987 2.0 L FE I4 102 PS (75 kW)
GT 1986–1987 2.0 L FET I4 120 hp (89 kW) 150 lb·ft (203 Nm)

Fourth generation (GD, GV; 1987–1991)[edit]

GD, GV
1990 Mazda 626 (GD Series 2) Eclipse 2.2i hatchback (2011-11-17) 01.jpg
Overview
Also called Mazda 626
Ford Telstar
Production 1987–1991
1988–1999 (wagon)
Assembly Japan: Hiroshima
Japan: Hofu
Colombia: Bogotá
United States: Flat Rock, Michigan (AAI)
Zimbabwe: Willowvale (WMMI)
Designer Hiroshi Yamamoto (1985)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupé
4-door sedan
5-door hatchback
5-door station wagon (GV platform)
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Transverse front-engine, four-wheel drive
Platform Mazda GD platform
Related Mazda MX-6
Mazda Persona
Ford Probe
Ford Telstar
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L F6 I4 (export)[9]
1.6 L B6 I4
1.8 L F8 I4
1.8 L F8 DOHC I4
2.0 L FE I4
2.0 L FE3 DOHC I4
2.2 L F2 I4
2.2 L F2T turbo I4 (North America)
2.0 L RF diesel I4
2.0 L RFT Comprex diesel I4
Transmission 4-speed manual
5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,575 mm (101.4 in)
2,515 mm (99.0 in) (coupé)
Length 4,515–4,610 mm (177.8–181.5 in)
Width 1,690 mm (66.5 in)
Height 1,370 mm (54.1 in) (hatchback)
1,410 mm (55.5 in) (sedan)

The fourth-generation Capella was released in May 1987.[10] It used the updated GD platform and some versions remained in production in Japan until 1996. Engines were new, though they still emphasized torque rather than outright power. Most of the world received 1.6, 1.8, 2.0, and 2.2 (non-turbo) engines. The GT model had a 2.0-liter FE-DOHC engine that produced 148 (non-cat) or 140 PS (cat). Some models were available with a new 2.0 diesel RFT engine, notable for its use of a pressure wave supercharger (Comprex), that previously could be found in the Mazda Bongo commercial. Diesel models were also exported to Europe, usually with the naturally aspirated engine.[11] By 1990, the 1.6 had been discontinued in most markets, although JDM models intended for commercial use still used the little B6 engine.

The 626/Capella was available globally as a sedan, station wagon (estate), five-door hatchback, and as a coupé – although the coupé was renamed MX-6 for the North American and Australian markets. In Japan, the five-door was sold as the "Capella CG" (for City Gear) and the coupé as the "Capella C2" (Composite Coupé). There was also a four-door hardtop sedan with unique bodywork, sold only in Japan, called the Mazda Persona.

The station wagon version, intended as a true load carrier, was introduced the spring of 1988 on a slightly modified platform (called the GV). The station wagon also had a seven-seat option in some markets. Five-speed manuals and four-speed automatics were offered, with a few export markets also receiving a four-speed manual.[10] Four-wheel drive was introduced in July 1987 for some versions, although it was never made available in the coupé nor in the North American market.[11] Another new option was 4-wheel-steering, introduced in February 1988,[12] with Mazda's system being electronic and more complex than the 4WS system introduced by Honda on their 1988 Prelude. This system was only available in the five-door and the coupé. While not particularly successful in the marketplace, Japanese consumers could choose this option for longer than could export customers. All of the body styles also had optional ABS. The final facelift made a driver's side airbag an option for the buyer.

1990–1992 Mazda 626 Eclipse hatchback (Australia)

The 626 line was facelifted for 1990, although mainstream production ended in 1991. Ford kept building a manual-only GD series sedan, called the Telstar Classic, aimed at fleet customers. The Capella station wagon was still available up until November 1997 (1996 in export markets). As part of a Japanese trend at the time, it was also developed into an "RV", a sporting model with off-road pretensions. The Capella Van version, for commercial use only, actually continued in production until 1999. When the new CG Capella was introduced in August 1994, the "Capella Cargo" received a facelift with a bigger grille and headlights and its name was changed to "Capella Wagon".[13]

UK trim levels were LX (1.8-litre 8v), GLX (1.8L 8v /2.0L 12v), GLX Executive (2.0L 12v)and GT (2.0L 16v) GLX Executive 4x4 (2.2L 12v) Some early 2.0GT models had 4 wheel steering. There was also an estate model with either the 2.0L engine in GLX or GT trim, or the GLX Executive 4x4 2.2. The 2.0GT was also available in two-door coupe form. Most European markets received similar lineups, albeit with diesel options in many countries.

The MX-6 was built in Michigan alongside its platform-mate, the Ford Probe at AutoAlliance International, while North American market 626s were still imported from Japan. 626 hatchbacks disappeared after 1991 from the US Mazda model range. The base model now used Mazda's 110-horsepower 2.2 L 3-valve SOHC F2 producing just 10 hp (7.5 kW) shy of the old Turbo, and the new Turbo was up to 145 hp (108 kW). The 1988 introduction of four-wheel steering to the 626 Turbo liftback, along with Honda's Prelude 4WS, marked the first 4WS systems for the American market. It was later also made available to the MX-6. In 1990 the 626 gained motorized seat belts. Consumer response was strong, and Car and Driver magazine named the 626 and MX-6 in their Ten Best list for 1988.

Mazda New Zealand again assembled a range of four-door sedan and five-door hatchback models, supplemented by the newly available wagon, and imported the coupe and a top five-door version, both with electronically controlled rear-wheel steering. Ford New Zealand's Telstar line was similar, including the wagon and imported rear wheel steer models, but without the coupe. The wagon's arrival enabled Ford to drop the UK-sourced Sierra wagon from local assembly, simplifying model sourcing. The NZ-specification cars, though imported CKD, shared much of their specifications with European models including the modified tail lamp assemblies with the mandatory-for-Europe fog light lenses though the bulbs and wiring were not included. This and later generations would also be imported used from Japan in later years, greatly widening the choice of models and specifications available in this market.

Mazda Capella sedan (Japan) 
Mazda 626 GLX coupé (Colombia) 
1990–1992 Mazda 626 sedan (Australia) 
1995–1997 Mazda 626 wagon (Australia) 
Model Engine Power Torque Fuel feed Notes
1.6 8V 1,587 cc F6 I4 81 PS (60 kW) 120 N·m (12.2 kg·m; 88.5 lb·ft) carb DIN, no cat
1,597 cc B6 I4[14] 73 PS (54 kW) 122 N·m (12.4 kg·m; 90 lb·ft) JIS, Japan
1.8 8V 1,789 cc F8 I4 90 PS (66 kW) 140 N·m (14.3 kg·m; 103 lb·ft) carb DIN, no cat
1.8 12V 82 PS (60 kW)
97 PS (71 kW)
94 PS (69 kW)
133 N·m (13.6 kg·m; 98 lb·ft)
143 N·m (14.6 kg·m; 105 lb·ft)
141 N·m (14.4 kg·m; 104 lb·ft)
carb
EGi
carb
JIS, Japan
JIS, Japan
DIN, no cat, 1991 on
1.8 DOHC 16V 115 PS (85 kW) 157 N·m (16.0 kg·m; 116 lb·ft) EGi JIS, Japan
2.0 8V 1,998 cc FE I4 90 PS (66 kW)
102 PS (75 kW)
153 N·m (15.6 kg·m; 113 lb·ft)
156 N·m (15.9 kg·m; 115 lb·ft)
EGi
carb
DIN, Europe
DIN, no cat
2.0 12V 109 PS (80 kW) 165 N·m (16.8 kg·m; 122 lb·ft) carb DIN, no cat
2.0 DOHC 16V 1,998 cc FE-DOHC I4 140 PS (103 kW)
150 PS (110 kW)
145 PS (107 kW)
140 PS (103 kW)
148 PS (109 kW)
172 N·m (17.5 kg·m; 127 lb·ft)
184 N·m (18.8 kg·m; 136 lb·ft)
186 N·m (19.0 kg·m; 137 lb·ft)
173 N·m (17.6 kg·m; 128 lb·ft)
182 N·m (18.6 kg·m; 134 lb·ft)
EGi JIS, early
JIS
JIS, automatic
DIN
DIN, no cat
2.2 12V 2,184 cc F2 I4 115 PS (85 kW)
110 hp (82 kW)
180 N·m (133 lb·ft; 18.4 kg·m)
130 lb·ft (176 N·m; 18.0 kg·m)
EGi DIN, Europe
SAE, North America
GT 2,184 cc F2T I4 turbo 145 hp (108 kW) 190 lb·ft (258 N·m; 26.3 kg·m) EGi SAE, North America
2.0 Diesel 1,998 cc RF diesel I4 61 PS (45 kW) 121 N·m (12.3 kg·m; 89 lb·ft) diesel DIN, Europe
2.0 D Comprex 1,998 cc RF-CX Comprex D I4 82 PS (60 kW) 181 N·m (18.5 kg·m; 133 lb·ft) diesel JIS, Japan

Fifth generation[edit]

International (GE; 1991–1997)[edit]

GE
Mazda 626 LX -- 01-28-2010.jpg
Overview
Also called Mazda 626
Mazda Cronos (Japan)
ɛ̃fini MS-6
Ford Telstar
Autozam Clef
Production November 1991 – 1997
Assembly Japan: Hiroshima
Japan: Hofu
Colombia: Bogotá
United States: Flat Rock, Michigan (AAI)
Designer Yasuo Aoyagi (1989)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door hatchback
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Transverse front-engine, four-wheel drive
Platform Mazda GE platform
Related Mazda MX-6
Ford Probe
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,610 mm (102.8 in)
Length 4,670–4,695 mm (183.9–184.8 in) (sedan/hatchback)
Width 1,750 mm (68.9 in)
Height 1,400 mm (55.1 in)
Curb weight 1,180–1,340 kg (2,601–2,954 lb) (sedan/hatchback)

For the fifth generation, GE series sedan and hatchback, the Capella name was dropped—although export markets retained the 626 title. Its nameplate replacements, the Mazda Cronos (sedan) and ɛ̃fini MS-6 (hatchback) that launched in November 1991 were pitched to Japanese customers instead. Built on the GE platform, the hatchback-only MS-6 was launched under the ɛ̃fini brand, as a separate car from the sedan-only Cronos, as Mazda was at the beginning of an ambitious five-brand expansion plan of doubling sales. Including the badge-engineered Ford Telstar (sold at Japanese Ford dealerships called Autorama), the Mazda MX-6 coupe, and the Autozam Clef, a total of five cars were spawned off the same platform, launched under four different brands in Japan over a two-year period.

All of these models ended their production run prematurely, most likely due to the difficulties involved in promoting so many new nameplates as the Japanese economy began to feel the effects of the recession as a result of the Japanese asset price bubble from 1985-1991. While the MS-6 shared the Cronos GE platform, it was marketed as the more sporty of the two. The Capella badge lived on with the wagon/van versions on the previous GV series until 1999. Until 1989, Japanese car taxation used a car's width as a key determinant. The Cronos and its siblings all exceed the critical 1,700 mm (66.9 in) level in width. The series GE platform shared the same width dimension as the luxury brand ɛ̃fini MS-8 and ɛ̃fini MS-6, sharing the 2.5 V6. Moving in accord with early-1990s zeitgeist, Mazda considered width a key factor in the Cronos' sales failure, and proceeded to create a narrower stopgap model from the CG platform. This car was introduced in 1994 as the new CG series Capella sedan.

Export

Nonetheless, the GE Cronos and MS-6 continued to be sold as the Mazda 626 in nearly all export markets. The 626 was again Wheels magazine's Car of the Year for a second time in 1992.

The European (E-spec) and Asian (JDM) models had many differences versus the North American (A-spec) models. These include: raised turn signal side markers vs the A-Spec flush mounted side markers, small fog lights with silver bezels vs the A-Spec full fitting fog lights, different interior cloth patterns, projector headlamps (glass lenses), a 1.8 L FP engine, and a hatchback model. Europe also received a diesel-engined version, using the "Comprex" pressure-wave supercharged RF engine seen in the previous generation JDM Capella. Power in Europe is 75 PS (55 kW) ECE at 4000 rpm, while the Japanese model claims 82 PS (60 kW) JIS at the same engine speed.[15]

For the first time for a Mazda, the 626 began overseas manufacture manufacture in the US at Flat Rock, Michigan on 1 September 1992 for the 1993 model year. The car was originally known as the "626 Cronos" in Canada, but dropped the Cronos for the 1996 model year. Mazda's 2.5 L V6 engine debuted to rave reviews. Though the 626's manual transmission was highly regarded,[16] Four-cylinder 626s from 1994 onwards used the Ford CD4E automatic transmission (designated by Mazda as LA4A-EL), which was an attempt to solve some of the 1993 model's transmission related issues. The CD4E was manufactured by Ford at their Batavia, Ohio facility. The CD4E was manufactured in Batavia, Ohio under the partnership name of ZF Batavia; a joint venture between Ford and ZF Friedrichshafen AG. It wasn't until a few years after the fourth generation of the Mazda 626 was produced that it became known for its extremely high failure rate, thus making the change in 1994 to the CD4E an irrelevant one. It is widely known to transmission specialists that the CD4E overheats due to a poorly designed valve body and torque converter. Mazda issued a couple of Technical Service Bulletins (0400502, 01598, 003/97K, 006/95) regarding the transmission and torque converter. Dealerships were briefly instructed to install an external transmission cooler, but at cost to the owner and only if requested. The CD4E was produced until 2008 at Batavia. No recall was ever issued for a single year of the CD4E, causing a loss of confidence from the general public in years to come. In 1994, a passenger side airbag was added, whilst some models of the 1994 and 1995 Mazda 626 2.0L automatics were outfitted with Ford's EEC-IV diagnostic system. In North America, the V6 spread to the LX trim in addition to the leather ES trim. New for 1996 and 1997 models were a redesigned hood (raised center portion), chrome grille fairing (attached to the hood), and the introduction of the On Board Diagnostics II revision (OBD-II).

In Colombia the car was named 626 Matsuri to differentiate from the past version that was sold at the same time.

Mazda New Zealand assembled this generation for four years with few changes. Ford's variants (since 1987 all built in the same Ford-Mazda joint venture Vehicle Assemblers of New Zealand (VANZ) factory in Wiri, South Auckland) had minor styling and equipment differences (the top Telstar hatchback had an electric sunroof) and anti-lock brakes were now standard on some models, for which factory engineers had to build a special test rig at the end of the assembly line. These were also the first 626/Telstar models to have factory fitted air conditioning, though only on the top Limited (626) and TX-5 Ghia (Telstar) five-door hatchbacks.

1996–1997 Mazda 626 sedan (US) 
1992–1994 Mazda 626 sedan (Australia) 
1994–1997 Mazda 626 liftback (Australia) 
1994–1997 Mazda 626 liftback (Australia) 
Model Years Engine Power Torque
European 1993–1997 1.8 L FP I4 104 hp (78 kW) 127 lb·ft (172 N·m)
Base 1993–1997 2.0 L FS I4 118 hp (88 kW) 127 lb·ft (172 N·m)
V6 1993–1997 2.5 L KL V6 164 hp (122 kW) 160 lb·ft (217 N·m)

Japan (CG; 1994–1997)[edit]

CG
Mazda Capella 1994 1.jpg
Overview
Also called Ford Telstar II
Production 1994–1997
Assembly Japan: Hiroshima
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Transverse front-engine, four-wheel drive
Platform Mazda CG platform
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L FP I4
2.0 L FS I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,610 mm (102.8 in)
Length 4,595 mm (180.9 in)
Width 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height 1,395 mm (54.9 in)

As explained above, the Capella label in Japan was only used after 1991 for the lingering GV series wagon and van. This changed when the new, more compact CG series Capella launched in August 1994.[13] It was built on the CG platform designed for the upscale Mazda Lantis and Eunos 500. This vehicle lasted only until 1997, and the Capella name returned to the G platform at this time. Available only with a four-door saloon bodywork, it received 1.8- or 2.0-liter inline-four engines.

The slightly reduced width dimension of this series was due to the fact that the Japanese Government taxes exterior dimensions and engine displacement that exceed regulations. This factor is a key component in all vehicles sold in Japan, and this generation vehicle was introduced so as to encourage sales of the Capella against rival Japanese products.

Another factor was that Japan was entering an economic recession due to the effects of the "bubble economy", and all Japanese industries were experiencing a decline in manufactured products.

The sporting models of previous Capellas were now sold under other nameplates, and the CG received 115 PS (85 kW) in 1.8 form and 125 PS (92 kW) in the 2.0-liter. Four-wheel drive was available with the larger engine only. Equipment levels were Li-S, Li, and Gi for the 1.8. The 2.0 was sold as the Zi or as the Fi when equipped with four-wheel drive.[13] In August 1997 the Capella was replaced by the new GF model, which was the same as the 626 outside of North America.

1994 Mazda Capella (CG; Japan) 

Sixth generation[edit]

International (GF, GW; 1997–2002)[edit]

GF, GW
Mazda Capella sedan 1997 1.jpg
Overview
Also called Mazda 626
Ford Telstar
Production 1997–2002
(until 2005 in Colombia)
Assembly Japan: Hiroshima
Japan: Hofu
Colombia: Bogotá
United States: Flat Rock, Michigan (AAI)
Zimbabwe: Willowvale (WMMI)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door hatchback
5-door station wagon
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Transverse front-engine, four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L FP I4 (Europe)
2.0 L FS-DE I4
2.5 L KL-G4, KL-ZE V6
2.0 L RF-T I4 (turbodiesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,670 mm (105.1 in)
Length 4,575 mm (180.1 in)
4,660 mm (183.5 in) (wagon)
4,740 mm (186.8 in) (US, 1998–99)
4,760 mm (187.4 in) (US, 2000–02)
Width 1,760 mm (69.3 in) (Int'l)
1,695 mm (66.7 in) (Japan)
Height 1,400 mm (55.1 in)

1997 brought the sixth-generation Capella, now on the GF platform. The Mazda Cronos name was retired and the Capella, 626, and Telstar once again shared a common platform. All-wheel drive was optional in Japan. North American 626's were again built by AutoAlliance International in Flat Rock, Michigan, and had an entirely different body and differing engine options from 626's sold in the rest of the world. Beside sedan and hatchback styles, the station wagon style was returned in the generation. Once again, the station wagon version used a slightly modified, carryover platform (now called GW) until 1999, when the wagon was replaced by the Mazda Premacy MPV, and was sold in Japan as the Ford Ixion. The wheelbase was 60 mm (2.4 in) longer than the sedan, and a V6 engine was offered. This time though, the bodywork was the same, minimizing confusion for buyers.

By now, Ford had decided to reintroduce European models in Australasia so the Mondeo replaced the Telstar in most markets though the latter was still sold in Japan. The Capella was lightly updated in 1999 with a new interior and exterior, cabin air filtration, an available turbodiesel engine, a new Activematic manually operated automatic transmission, and available EBD and DSC.

The Mazda 626 GLX is a European and Asian only trim level of the Mazda 626 not produced or sold in North America. It is Japanese-made, with a 2.0 L four-cylinder DOHC-engine (FS) and a four-speed automatic transmission, which produces 125 hp (93 kW) at 6,000 rpm and 133 lb·ft (180 N·m) at 4,000 rpm. The two-litre turbo diesel version was added to European market versions beginning in fall of 1998.[17] The European trim levels are LXI, GXI, GSI, GXI SPORT, Atlantis, GXI SE, GSI SE. The European 626 was available with two different 2.0 engines, a 115 PS engine was available from 1998 to 2002 in all models except for the GSI SE and Sport models, which have the 136 PS FS engine.

In 2000, Mazda built the 626 MPS (Mazda Performance Series) concept sedan model. It debuted at the 2000 Geneva motor show as a concept car and only a few were ever produced. It would have included a new 2.5L 280 horsepower twin turbo re-design of the KL-ZE engine mated with a 5-speed manual transmission. However, the 626 MPS was never realized as the next generation of the 626, with the Mazda 6 MPS being introduced instead.

Model Engine Power Torque Notes
1.8 1,839 cc FP-DE I4[18] 90 PS (66 kW) 145 N·m (107 lb·ft)
2.0 1,991 cc FS-DE I4 115 PS (85 kW) Europe
1,991 cc FS-ZE I4 136 PS (100 kW) GSI SE, Sport (Europe)
2.5 V6 2,496 cc KL-ZE V6 JDM, wagon only
2.0 TD 1,998 cc RF-T TD I4[18] 101 PS (74 kW) 220 N·m (160 lb·ft) Europe, from fall 1998
1997–1999 Mazda 626 (GF) sedan (Australia) 
1997–1999 Mazda 626 (GF) Classic sedan (Australia) 
1999–2002 Mazda 626 (GF) Classic sedan (Australia) 
Mazda 626 (GW) wagon (Europe) 

North America (1997–2002)[edit]

The North American market 626, introduced in 1997 for the 1998 model year was different from those sold in other countries. The Michigan-built 626 resembled its predecessor, lacking the aggression which could be seen in the 626/Capella as built for the rest of the world. It was also considerably larger and heavier. LX and ES models were available, with both 2.0 and 2.5 V6 engines. Unusual amongst its competitors, the V6 was available with a manual transmission.[19]

From 1998 through 1999 the 626 was given an engine overhaul to give it better pedal feel. However, as most car reviews attested, it is a bland vehicle with softer handling and fewer features than the 1993–1997 version. Here is one such quote from Edmunds: "A bland, bread-and-butter sedan that's not big enough for families and not sporty enough for enthusiasts."[19] Along with a nearly invisible facelift, front side airbags were new options for 2000, as were larger wheels, four-wheel discs, and rear heat ducts. The four-cylinder engine was also upgraded by 5 hp (3.7 kW).

The final Mazda 626 rolled off the Flat Rock, Michigan assembly plant on August 30, 2002 but in Colombia they were still being produced until 2006.

Model Years Engine Power Torque
Base 1998–1999 2.0 L FS I4 125 hp (93 kW) 127 lb·ft (172 N·m)
2000–2002 2.0 L FS I4 130 hp (97 kW) 135 lb·ft (183 N·m)
V6 1998–2002 2.5 L KL V6 170 hp (130 kW) 163 lb·ft (221 N·m)
1998–1999 Mazda 626 (US) 
2000–2002 Mazda 626 (US) 
2000 Mazda 626 (US; facelift) 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b '70s Car Archives, p. 97
  2. ^ a b '70s Car Archives, p. 98
  3. ^ "Mazda MAZDA6 History". edmunds.com. 
  4. ^ 自動車ガイドブック [Japanese Motor Vehicles Guide Book 1979/1980] (in Japanese) (Japan: Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association) 26: 114. 1979-11-01. 053-790026-3400. 
  5. ^ a b c Lösch, Annamaria, ed. (1982). World Cars 1982. Pelham, NY: L'Editrice dell'Automobile LEA/Herald Books. pp. 347–348. ISBN 0-910714-14-2. 
  6. ^ a b c Costa, André & Georges-Michel Fraichard, ed. (September 1981). Salon 1981: Toutes les Voitures du Monde. l'Auto Journal (in french) (Paris: Homme N°1) (14 & 15): 1. 
  7. ^ a b Mastrostefano, Raffaele, ed. (1985). Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1985 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. p. 552. ISBN 88-7212-012-8. 
  8. ^ "1983 Mazda 626 1.6 Hatchback Automatic: technical specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  9. ^ Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (3 March 1989). Automobil Revue 1988 (in German/French) 83. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 360. ISBN 3-444-00469-9. 
  10. ^ a b Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (8 March 1990). Automobil Revue 1990 (in German/French) 85. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 387. ISBN 3-444-00495-8. 
  11. ^ a b Automobil Revue 1990, pp. 388–389
  12. ^ '80s Car Archives, p. 181
  13. ^ a b c "カペラ(マツダ CAPELLA)スペック情報・1994年8月" [Mazda Capella specifications, August 1994]. カタログ [Catalog]. Goo-net. Retrieved 2013-06-12. 
  14. ^ "カペラ(マツダ CAPELLA)SGサルーン(1989年6月)のカタログ・スペック情報" [Mazda Capella SG Saloon specifications, June 1989]. カタログ [Catalog]. Goo-net. Retrieved 2013-06-12. 
  15. ^ Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (March 10, 1994). Automobil Revue 1994 (in German/French) 89. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 359. ISBN 3-444-00584-9. 
  16. ^ The Spokesman-Review, Page D3, 17 August 1996
  17. ^ Åhman, Michael, ed. (1998). Bilkatalogen 1999 (Swedish edition of German Auto Katalog) (in Swedish) 13. Solna, Sweden: Auto Motor & Sport Sverige AB. p. 100. 
  18. ^ a b Bilkatalogen 1999, p. 210
  19. ^ a b "2001 Mazda 626 Review". Edmunds. Retrieved 2013-06-12. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • 別冊CG: 自動車アーカイヴ 70年代の日本 [Car Graphic: Car Archives Vol. 5, '70s Japanese Cars] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Nigensha. 2007. ISBN 978-4-544-09175-5. 
  • 別冊CG: 自動車アーカイヴ 80年代の日本 [Car Graphic: Car Archives Vol. 11, '80s Japanese Cars] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Nigensha. 2007. ISBN 978-4-544-91018-6.