|Body style||2-door coupe|
The Mazda Cosmo was a grand touring coupé produced by Mazda Motor Corporation from 1967 to 1995. Throughout its history, the Cosmo served as a "halo" vehicle for Mazda, with the first Cosmo successfully launching the Mazda Wankel engine. The final generation of Cosmo served as Mazda's flagship vehicle in Japan, being sold as the Eunos Cosmo through its luxury Eunos division in Japan.
1,519 series cars built
|Engine||982cc 0810 (Series I), 110hp
982cc 0813 (Series II), 130hp
The first Mazda to bear the Cosmo name (called the 110S on models intended for export) was the first 2-rotor rotary engine powered series car. A prototype was introduced at the 1964 Tokyo Motor Show, and 80 pre-production Cosmos were produced for the Mazda test department (20) and for dealership testing (60) between 1965 and 1966. Full production began in May 1967 and lasted through 1972, though Cosmos were built by hand at a rate of only about one per day, for a total of 1,519 (343 Series I cars and 1,176 Series II cars). The car was also featured in the show Return of Ultraman.
Cosmos were built in five batches:
|1964||1||10A||Tokyo Motor Show prototype|
|January 1965||80||0810||preproduction test cars|
|May 1967 – July 1968||343||0810||Series I|
|July 1968 – September 1972||1,176||0813||Series II|
In 1968, Mazda went racing with the Cosmo. They selected one of the most grueling tests in Europe to prove the reliability of the rotary engine, the 84-hour Marathon de la Route at the legendary Nürburgring circuit in Germany. Two mostly stock Cosmos were entered, along with 58 other cars. One major change to the cars' 10A engines was the addition of a novel side- and peripheral-port intake system: A butterfly valve switched from the side to the peripheral port as RPMs increased. The engines were limited to 130 PS to improve durability.
The cars ran together in fourth and fifth place for most of the race, but the all-Japanese car was retired with axle damage in the 82nd hour. The other car, driven by Belgians, completed the race in fourth overall. This was to be the only racing outing for the Cosmo - the next Mazda race car would be a Familia Rotary (R100).
The Series I/L10A Cosmo was powered by a 0810 two-rotor engine with 982 cc of displacement and produced about 110 hp (thus the 110 name). It used a Hitachi 4-barrel carburetor and an odd ignition design - two spark plugs per chamber with dual distributors. A 4-speed manual transmission and 14 inch (335 mm) wheels were standard.
The front independent suspension was A-arm/coil spring design with an anti-roll bar. The rear used a live axle with a de Dion tube, trailing arms, and semi-elliptic leaf springs. Power-unassisted 10 inch (254 mm) disk brakes were found in front with 7.9 inches (201 mm) drum brakes in the rear. Performance in the quarter-mile (400 m) was 16.4 s, with a 115 mph (185 km/h) top speed. The price was lower than the Toyota 2000GT at 1.48 million yen (US$4,100).
The Series II/L10B was introduced in July, 1968. It had a more-powerful 128 hp (95 kW)/103 lb·ft (140 N·m) 0813 engine, power brakes, 15 inch wheels and a 5-speed manual transmission. The wheelbase had been expanded by 15 inches (38.1 cm) for more room and a better ride. This Cosmo was good for over 120 mph (193 km/h) and could accelerate to cover a quarter mile (400 m) in 15.8 s.
Visual changes included a larger grille under the front bumper with two additional vents to each side of this "mouth". Only 1,176 were ever made, and fewer than six Series II models were initially imported into the United States. The price was up a bit to 1.48 million yen (US$4,390).
Talk show host Jay Leno owns a 1970 Series II Cosmo which was featured on the Speed Channel series My Classic Car in March, 2006. It was believed to be the only remaining Series II Cosmo in the United States, though the original Cosmo 10a engine was replaced with an RX-7 12a.
However, Mazda's U.S. division "found another in the garage of Phoenix-area car collector Glenn Roberts and made an offer that he couldn't refuse," according to Car and Driver magazine's September 2007 issue ("A Tale of Two Rotaries").
Mazda Cosmo AP
|Also called||Mazda RX-5
1.3L 13B (AP)
1.8L SOHC I4
|Wheelbase||98.8 in (2,510 mm)|
|Length||176 in (4,470.4 mm)|
|Width||66.1 in (1,679 mm)|
|Curb weight||1,120 kg (2,469 lb)|
The second generation CD Cosmo appeared in 1975 and lasted until 1981. It was known as the Cosmo AP (Anti-Pollution) in Japan, and sold internationally as the Mazda RX-5, though in some export markets its piston-powered counterpart was called the Mazda 121 (a name later applied to Mazda's subcompact model).
Mazda America used the Mazda Cosmo name and offered it from 1976 through 1978. The CD Cosmo/RX-5 series was a flop internationally as Mazda had tried too hard to "americanize" the car. It was however an enormous success in Japan where over 55,000 were sold in the first year alone. Due to its poor sales as an export, the series-II version from 79-81 was not exported and remained a Japanese domestic sale only. Subsequent generations of the Cosmo were not exported to North America.
The Cosmo was Mazda's 'large' compact rotary coupe and based on the Mazda RX-4 floorpan and mechanics, but slightly heavier due to body design and more luxurious appointments, including a five-link rear suspension and rear disc brakes. It was available with the 12A and 13B engines.
See  www.MazdaCosmo.com - For more information on this model.
|Engine||1.8L VC SOHC I4
2.0L MA SOHC I4
2.0L FE SOHC I4
1.1L 12A Turbo
2.2L S2 Diesel I4
|Wheelbase||2,615 mm (103 in)|
|Length||4,640 mm (183 in)|
|Width||1,690 mm (67 in)|
|Height||1,340 mm (53 in)|
|Curb weight||1,135 kg (2,502 lb)|
The third generation HB Cosmo from 1981 shared the Mazda HB chassis with its twin, the Mazda Luce (marketed overseas as the Mazda 929). The HB Cosmo was available as a coupe, hardtop and sedan. Its Mazda Luce counterpart was not available in coupe form. The HB Cosmo/Luce was the only car in automotive history to offer a choice of both Gasoline and Diesel piston engines and Rotary engines.
Mazda offered three different rotary engines for the HB series. A 12A-6PI (for "six-port induction"), 12A-turbo and 13B-RESI. The latter available with automatic transmission only. The 1982 12A-turbo Cosmo coupé was officially the fastest production car in Japan until being overtaken by the FJ20ET powered R30 Skyline RS.
The HB Cosmo & Luce were sold in Japan only, with the 929 being the export version (which was generally not available with the rotary engine options). While the sister models (the Luce & 929) were replaced in 1986, the Cosmo variant remained in production at a trickle until 1989.
|Wheelbase||2,750 mm (108 in)|
|Length||4,815 mm (190 in)|
|Width||1,795 mm (71 in)|
|Curb weight||1,490 kg (3,285 lb) – 1,640 kg (3,616 lb)|
The Eunos Cosmo (loosely based on the 1985 MX-03 concept car) started production in 1990 on the new JC platform. The Eunos Cosmo was the top-line touring flagship of the Eunos luxury channel. It is the only Mazda to use a triple-rotor engine. The car was a 2+2 coupe and was loaded with power amenities. Following the Japanese luxury theme, only an electronically controlled 4-speed automatic transmission was available.
Two engines were available, the twin turbo 13B-REW and the 20B-REW. The triple rotor 20B had 2 Litres (1962 cc) of displacement, making it the largest capacity rotary offered for sale by Mazda. It produced 300 hp (224 kW) and 300 lb·ft (402 N·m) with twin turbochargers. The JC series Cosmo set several firsts in Automotive history. Its 13B-REW and 20B-REW engines were the first series production twin sequential turbo systems to be offered for sale on a rotary engined car (The twin sequential turbo piston engined Porsche 959 predates the Eunos Cosmo by several years). The better known FD RX-7 didn't receive the twin turbo 13B-REW engine until early 1992. Plus was the first production car in the world to get a GPS option & the first in Japan to use the "Palmnet" serial data comms system for ECU-to-ECAT operation.
This 4th generation Cosmo was way ahead of its time electronically as well by being offered with Car Control System, a CRT colour touch-screen controlling climate control, mobile phone, GPS car navigation, NTSC TV, radio and CD-Player. Mazda promotional video for Eunos Cosmo (Japanese)
The Cosmo was speed limited to 180 km/h (111.8 mph) to suit Japanese regulations, but the 20B-REW version was capable of 255 km/h (158.4 mph) if given a free run. With over 380 N·m (280 lb·ft) of torque available at just 1800 rpm, the Cosmo could launch from standstill to freeway speeds quickly; however, this came at the expense of heavy fuel consumption. The JC Cosmo was expensive even by today's standards, as Mazda still has not matched the sales price of this car some 22 years later for anything else in its range.
The Cosmo was manufactured from February 1990 until September 1995, and gathered a total of 8,875 sales. A split of 60/40 sales between 13B-REW and 20B-REW variants made the triple rotor 20B-REW version a rare car. Although the Cosmo remained a Japanese market-only vehicle (export had been proposed originally under the Eunos sales channel or the defunct USA-only Amati sales channel. ), the Cosmo has found its way to RHD countries such as Australia, New Zealand, & the UK (LHD Norway)thanks to limited import regulations for private importers from these countries. The Eunos Cosmo appeared in Sega GT and in the Gran Turismo and Gran Turismo 2 games, as well as the Arcade game series Wangan Midnight: Maximum Tune 1, 2, 3, 3DX, 3DX+, & 4.
- Wheelbase: 2,750 mm (108.3 in)
- Front Track: 1,520 mm (59.8 in)
- Rear Track: 1,510 mm (59.4 in)
- Length: 4,815 mm (189.6 in)
- Width: 1,795 mm (70.7 in)
- Weight: 1,570 kg (3,461 lb)
- JCESE = Series-I (90–93) — 20B
- JCES = Series-II (94–95) — 20B
- JC3SE = Series-I (90–93) — 13B
- JC3S = Series-II (94–95) — 13B
- Long, Brian (2004). RX-7. Dorchester: Veloce Publishing. p. 12. ISBN 1-904788-03-3.
- "The Rotary Club", Don Sherman, Automobile Magazine, February 2008, pp 76–79
- Cosmo Sport erstes Auto mit einem Zweischeiben Wankelmotor german
- "D M R H Special vehicles (JC Cosmo)". Dmrh.com.au. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
- "(Wheels Magazine)". D M R H. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
- Yamaguchi, Jack K. (1985). The New Mazda RX-7 and Mazda Rotary Engine Sports Cars. St. Martin's Press, New York. ISBN 0-312-69456-3.
- Buckley, Martin & Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7.
- Jan P. Norbye (1973). "Watch out for Mazda!". Automobile Quarterly XI.1: 50–61.
- Patrick Bedard (June 1993). "The Karma of the Cosmo". Car and Driver. 38.12: 103–109.
- "The Start of Rotary Power". Rx7 UK net. Archived from the original on October 9, 2004. Retrieved November 3, 2004.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Mazda Cosmo|
- MazdaCosmoSport.com - 1st Gen Mazda Cosmo Sport community
- New York Rotary Association - New Yorks Biggest Rotary Engine Auto Club (NYRA)
- Garage HB - 3rd Gen (81-89) Cosmo online community
- Cosmo retrospective from Classic Motorsports magazine
- Mazda Cosmo Sport 1100 Mazda Cosmo - CArsguide Car of the Week
-  Web site on HB Cosmo + JC Cosmo series in English
- Classic Motorsports magazine Mazda Cosmo Sport Buyers Guide
|Mazda Wankel rotary timeline|