List of Mazda engines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Mazda engines)
Jump to: navigation, search
Type Family Name Displacement
(cc)
Years
V2 V-twin BA
EA
356
577
1958–1963
MB
HB
1105
1400
I4 xA
(OHV)
DA
RA
SA
TA
UA
VA
358
586
782
1139
1484
1985
1959–1967
xB
(OHV)
PB
TB
987
1169
1961–1974
xC PC
TC
UC/D4
UB/D5
NA
VB
985
1272
1415
1490
1586
1796
1965–1984
E E1
E3
E5
1136
1296
1490
1980–1987
F VC
MA
FE
F2
FS
FP
RF
R2
1769
1970
1998
2184
1991
1839
1998
2184
1977–2002
G G6
G5
GY
2606
2500
2494
1989–1999
B B1
B3
B5
B6
B8/BP
1138
1324
1498
1597
1839
1985–
Z Z5
ZL
ZM
1489
1498
1598
1995–
MZR ZJ
ZY
Z6
L8
LF
L3
1349
1498
1598
1798
1999
2261
1995–
Diesel I4
(licensed
Perkins)
Mazda S2
XA
HA
2209
2522
2977
1970–1984
V6 J JF
J5
JE
2000
2500
2954
1986–1994
K K8
KF
KJ
KL
1845
1995
2300
2497
1991–2002
Wankel Mazda L8A
10A
12A/12B
13A
13B
20B
26J/26B
Renesis
798
982
1146
1310
1308
1962
2622
1310
1963–

Mazda makes both piston and Wankel "rotary" engines. This page summarizes the various engine families and variations.

Piston engines[edit]

Although Mazda is well known for their Wankel "rotary" engines, the company has been manufacturing piston engines since the earliest years of the Toyo Kogyo company. Early on, they produced overhead cams, aluminum blocks, and an innovative block containing both the engine and transmission in one unit. This section summarizes piston engine developments. Note that only Mazda's V-twin, straight-4, and V6 configurations have made it to market. The company has engineered and completed a V8 and a V12 engine by 1990 for use in their proposed Amati luxury car brand. Due to financial hardships during that time, the luxury brand was abandoned as well as those two engines.

V-twin[edit]

Like several other Japanese makers, Mazda produced V-twin engines for their three-wheeled delivery vehicles of the nineteen fifties. These were also used in some of the tiny keicars of the 1960s. These were essentially motorcycle engines, and were largely superseded by water-cooled straight-4 engines in a few years, except for in the Mazda R360 which remained in production until 1969 especially for the handicapped.

Straight-4[edit]

Mazda's strength since the 1960s has been in its line of straight-4 engines. Beginning with a tiny 358 cc keicar engine, one of the smallest ever made, Mazda continues to this day to be a leading developer of this type of engine.

V6[edit]

Mazda has created three families of in-house V6 engines. As of 2000, they build and use the Ford Duratec V6 design.

Wankel engines[edit]

Mazda is the only producer of successful Wankel engines, positioning them as a prime sports car powerplant. All of Mazda's Wankels are based on their first design of the 1960s, though there have been significant developments over the four decades since.

  • Wankel family - 1.0 L-2.0 L Wankel (1967–present)
    • 10A - 1.0 L (1967–1973)
    • 10B - 1.0 L (1968–1972)
    • 13A - 1.3 L (1970–1972)
    • 12A - 1.1 L (1970–1985)
    • 13B - 1.3 L (1973–2002)
    • 20B - 2.0 L three-rotor (1990–1996)
    • 26B - 2.6 L four-rotor (1991–24hr@Lemans winner)
    • Renesis - 1.3 L (2004–)